ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the recovery of the innate immune system within the first 100 days after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) and to elucidate a potential correlation with such important events as severe infectious complications or graft-versus-host disease (GvHD).
In 30 consecutive patients who underwent allogeneic PBSCT, absolute numbers of neutrophils and monocytes were determined and different functional analyses performed at different time points (day +30, +60 and +90, respectively). The capacity to phagocyte Escherichia coli (E. coli) as well as the induction of oxidative burst after incubation with different stimuli (Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate; PMA, the chemotactic peptide N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe; f-MLP or opsonized E. coli) were analysed after engraftment.
There was a rapid reconstitution concerning the capability of both neutrophils and monocytes to phagocyte E. coli without a significant increase between day +30 and +90. In contrast, a twofold increase of monocyte oxidative burst after incubation with PMA at day +90 was observed (P = 0.017). Furthermore, the ability of neutrophils to induce oxidative burst after ingestion with E. coli was impaired on day +30 with a significant functional reconstitution on day +60 (P = 0.01). The oxidative burst activity following incubation with f-MLP did not show significant changes after stem cell engraftment. Analysis of numeric reconstitution of CD14+CD16+ monocytes demonstrated a potential correlation with a decreased incidence of chronic GvHD.
The functional recovery of neutrophils and monocytes in the early period after allogeneic PBSCT differs not only concerning phagocytosis and oxidative burst but also with respect to the stimulus and the cell population that was analysed for oxidative burst activity. The subset of CD16+CD14+ monocytes might be a predictor for a reduced risk of chronic GvHD.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2011; 137(9):1293-300. · 2.56 Impact Factor
Annals of Hematology 04/2011; 90(4):473-5. · 2.62 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: FLT3 activating mutations can be detected in about 35% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). FLT3 internal tandem duplications (FLT3-ITD) represent the majority of FLT3 mutations (25 - 30%) while FLT3-TKD (tyrosine kinase domain) mutations can be found in about 7% of AML patients. In this study, we addressed the question whether especially primary AML cells carrying FLT3-ITD mutations show differences in terms of their protein expression pattern compared to FLT3 wild-type blasts. We investigated bone marrow samples that were isolated at diagnosis from 36 AML patients expressing either FLT3 wild-type (n = 16) or an activating FLT3 mutation (FLT3-ITD, n = 15; FLT3-TKD, n = 5). Proteomic analysis was performed by means of surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (SELDI-TOF) mass spectrometry which has shown its high efficiency in finding biomarkers in solid tumors. Here, we demonstrate that a large series of proteins is differently expressed in primary AML blasts harboring FLT3-ITD mutations. Furthermore, there are also significant differences of the protein expression profile between FLT3-ITD and FLT3-TKD mutations. Interestingly, further analysis of FLT3-ITD positive AML according to its response to the induction chemotherapy demonstrates putative prognostic markers for this subgroup of AML. We suggest that SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry represents a promising tool of proteomic analysis of AML that might help to establish new prognostic markers in AML.
Leukemia and Lymphoma 01/2008; 48(12):2418-23. · 2.58 Impact Factor