ABSTRACT: The present work aims to assess the importance of the international travels of Tunisians, their destinations, the risks they face as well as the means to reduce them. Therefore, data related to the period from 1989 to 1998, were collected from official organisms involved in this area. Results revealed an increase of the number of Tunisians travelling outside the country of 23% between 1989 and 1998, with a mean progress of 5.7% per year since 1993. Main destinations were Maghrebin countries (65.7%), Europe (30%) and Middle East (4%). The number of persons leaving to high risk destinations remains difficult to assess and shows the importance of implementing a surveillance system to insure an adequate medical follow-up of this category of travellers. The structures actually involved in the health management of Tunisian travellers have a weak recruitment which demonstrates the importance to strengthen the sensitization of general practitioners to this subject and the promotion of the immunization ward of "Institut Pasteur" to a national centre of travelling medicine.
Archives de l'Institut Pasteur de Tunis 02/2000; 77(1-4):73-9.