B Lozano-Aragoneses

Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain

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Publications (2)1.66 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cluster headache is included in the group of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. Although the pathophysiology of cluster headache has not yet been sufficiently established, the theory of a central origin tells us that this headache is produced by hypothalamic dysfunction. More than 50 patients have been treated with deep brain stimulation of the posterior nucleus of the hypothalamus from 2001. The results show clinical improvement in more than 60% of the cases, opening a promising issue for the treatment of the cluster headache persistent after medical treatment. The surgical target that have been used until now is based on the origin of the cluster headache in the hypothalamic dysfunction. Nevertheless, It has still some open questions as the lack of proving the posterior nucleus of the hypothalamus is the real origin of the cluster headache, the lack of consensus about the anatomy of the surgical target and the variability of the structures stimulated with the surgery. The aim of this article is a review of the target used and propose another surgical target based on physiopathological concepts to explain the improvement with the deep brain stimulation in these patients.
    Revista de neurologia 03/2011; 52(6):366-70. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has an incidence in general population of 1.5-3%. If we consider as a positive respond a diminution of the 25-35% in the symptoms of OCD according to the Y-BOCS, and we add the cognitive-behavioral therapy to the pharmacological treatment, only a 40-60% of treated patients would have significant improvement and a 10% of patients with OCD, would be refractory to all type of medical treatment. Current neurosurgical techniques for resistant cases of OCD interrupt the connections between the frontal lobes and subcortical structures (cingulotomy, capsulotomy). These techniques are ablative and irreversible. It shows the importance of finding a less aggressive technique with better clinical results. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an alternative to traditional neurosurgery based in neuromodulation methods. It's considered that the physiopathology of the OCD consists of a dysfunction of the direct and indirect vias that control the extrapiramidal limbic circuit. On the other hand, it had been obtained positive results after DBS of the subthalamic nucleus of three patients with Parkinson's disease and OCD. This article has as target the demonstration that bilateral DBS of the limbic part of the subthalamic nucleus is an alternative for the treatment of refractory OCD.
    Revista de neurologia 10/2007; 45(7):424-8. · 0.83 Impact Factor