ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to conduct a multicentre data analysis to identify prognostic factors for developing an axillary recurrence (AR) after negative sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in a large cohort of breast cancer patients with long follow-up.
The prospective databases from different hospitals of clinically node negative breast cancer patients operated on between, 2000 and 2002 were analyzed. SLNB was performed and pathological analysis done by local pathologists according to national guidelines. Adjuvant treatment was given according to contemporary guidelines. Multivariate analysis was performed using all available variables, a p-value of <0,05 was considered to be significant.
A total of 929 patients who did not undergo axillary lymph node dissection were identified. After a median follow up of 77 (range 1-106) months, fifteen patients developed an isolated AR (AR rate 1,6%). Multivariate analysis showed that young age (p = 0.007) and the absence of radiotherapy (p = 0.010) significantly increased the risk of developing an AR. Distant metastasis free survival (DMFS) was significantly worse for patients with an AR compared to all other breast cancer patients (p < 0,0001).
Even after long-term follow up, the risk of developing an AR after a negative SLN in breast cancer is low. Young age and absence of radiation therapy are highly significant factors for developing an axillary recurrence. DMFS is worse for AR patients compared to patients initially diagnosed with N0 or N1 disease.
European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 05/2012; 38(10):925-31. · 2.56 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Axillary recurrence after negative sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with invasive breast carcinoma remains a concern. Previous investigations to identify prognostic factors for axillary recurrence identified that a disproportionate number of patients with an axillary recurrence after negative SLNB were not treated with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) of the breast as part of initial treatment. This finding prompted a systematic review to test the hypothesis that EBRT to the breast reduces the risk of axillary recurrence after negative SLNB.
A literature search was performed in PubMed, the Cochrane Library and the Spanish-language database LILACS to identify articles publishing data regarding follow-up of sentinel lymph node (SLN)-negative patients. Reports and articles lacking information on the initial treatment were excluded.
Forty-five articles were accepted for review. A total of 23,357 SLN-negative patients were identified with median follow-up ranging from 15 to 102 months. Some 18,878 patients were treated with EBRT to the breast as part of their initial treatment. One hundred and twenty-seven patients with an axillary recurrence were identified, of whom 73 had EBRT as part of their initial treatment. Meta-analysis showed that EBRT was associated with a lower rate of axillary recurrence (P < 0·001), but this finding was subject to heterogeneity.
This review and meta-analysis showed that EBRT is associated with a significantly lower axillary recurrence rate after negative SLNB.
British Journal of Surgery 03/2011; 98(3):326-33. · 4.61 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The clinical significance of false-negative axillary sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has yet to be established. The aim of this study was to assess the axillary recurrence rate and false-negative rate, to identify prognostic factors and to monitor survival.
A prospective registry of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) procedures performed between 1998 and 2004 was analysed. All nodes retrieved were examined by haematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemical staining. Further surgical treatment was performed only for positive SLNs. Adjuvant treatment was given according to Dutch guidelines.
Of 592 patients, 392 had a negative SLNB. After a median follow-up of 65 months, 11 patients developed axillary recurrence (2.8 per cent). Ten of these patients were primarily treated by simple mastectomy and therefore had no external-beam radiation therapy; no further prognostic factors could be identified. The false-negative rate was 6.9 per cent. The median time from SLNB to detection of the axillary recurrence was 27 months. The median follow-up after recurrence was 35 months, and one patient developed systemic disease. Pathology revision revealed two previously undetected micrometastases.
Axillary recurrence and false-negative rates after SLNB increase with longer follow-up.
British Journal of Surgery 10/2008; 95(11):1352-5. · 4.61 Impact Factor