[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated a new line probe assay (LiPA) kit to identify Mycobacterium species and to detect mutations related to drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A total of 554 clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (n = 316), Mycobacterium avium (n = 71), Mycobacterium intracellulare (n = 51), Mycobacterium kansasii (n = 54), and other Mycobacterium species (n = 62) were tested with the LiPA kit in six hospitals. The LiPA kit was also used to directly test 163 sputum specimens. The results of LiPA identification of Mycobacterium species in clinical isolates were almost identical to those of conventional methods. Compared with standard drug susceptibility testing results for the clinical isolates, LiPA showed a sensitivity and specificity of 98.9% and 97.3%, respectively, for detecting rifampin (RIF)-resistant clinical isolates; 90.6% and 100%, respectively, for isoniazid (INH) resistance; 89.7% and 96.0%, respectively, for pyrazinamide (PZA) resistance; and 93.0% and 100%, respectively, for levofloxacin (LVX) resistance. The LiPA kit could detect target species directly in sputum specimens, with a sensitivity of 85.6%. Its sensitivity and specificity for detecting RIF-, PZA-, and LVX-resistant isolates in the sputum specimens were both 100%, and those for detecting INH-resistant isolates were 75.0% and 92.9%, respectively. The kit was able to identify mycobacterial bacilli at the species level, as well as drug-resistant phenotypes, with a high sensitivity and specificity.
Journal of clinical microbiology 12/2011; 50(3):884-90. · 4.16 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report one Japanese familial line in which there were three pulmonary MAC patients and one suspected patient over two generations, most of whom were diagnosed with the nodular/bronchiectatic type. In all patients, life circumstances and bacterial strains differed at the time of diagnosis. This suggests that the genes thought to affect patient susceptibility to pulmonary MAC disease may be involved in this family line. Comprehensive genotypic analysis of the CFTR gene, HLA typing, and analysis of the NRAMP1 polymorphisms were performed in seven members of this family. The results suggest that female sex and menopause might be associated with onset of pulmonary MAC of the nodular/bronchiectatic type, and HLA-A26 antigen and diabetes mellitus might be involved in disease exacerbations.
Internal Medicine 01/2010; 49(10):949-53. · 0.97 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We experienced a case of laboratory cross-contamination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on the broth based culture system. These false-positive cultures were confirmed by analysis of DNA fingerprinting, RFLP method, which showed the same pattern in three specimens with that of the first manipulated specimen in our laboratory on that day, out of 7 specimens examed. We found possible several process causing cross-contamination where mixture of the foreign body could occur in buffer or NALC-NaOH. False-positive cultures for Mycobacterium tuberculosis may lead to unnecessary, potentially toxic, costly treatment, and changing the treatment strategy. So we must critically interpret a single positive culture, especially by liquid media.