Asra S Khan

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States

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Publications (2)8.91 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To determine the diagnostic utility of delayed hypointensity and delayed enhancing rim on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as indicators of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in arterially enhancing nodules < or =5 cm in the cirrhotic liver and determine the features that best predict HCC. Gadolinium-enhanced MRI studies performed from January 2001 to December 2004 in patients with cirrhosis were evaluated for arterially enhancing nodules measuring < or =5 cm. Verification was via explant correlation, biopsy, or imaging follow-up. Sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic features of HCC were calculated. Features predictive of HCC were determined using the Generalized Estimating Equation approach. In all, 116 arterially enhancing nodules were identified in 80 patients (<2 cm: n = 79, 2-5 cm n = 37). Sensitivity and specificity of delayed hypointensity for HCC measuring < or =5 cm, 2-5 cm, and <2 cm were 0.54 (40 of 74) and 0.86 (36 of 42); 0.72 (23 of 32) and 0.80 (4 of 5); and 0.41 (17 of 42) and 0.87 (32 of 37). For the delayed enhancing rim sensitivity and specificity were 0.64 (47 of 74) and 0.86 (36 of 42); 0.75 (24 of 32) and 1.0 (5 of 5); and 0.55 (23 of 42) and 0.83 (31 of 37), respectively. Lesion size (> or =2 cm) and delayed enhancing rim, as main features and their interaction, were the most significant predictors of HCC. Delayed hypointensity and enhancing rim improve the specificity of diagnosis of HCC of all sizes but are seen less frequently in small (<2 cm) HCC. Nodule size (> or =2 cm) and delayed enhancing rim are the strongest predictors of HCC.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 08/2010; 32(2):360-6. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively assess the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) performed by using a high-spatial-resolution isotropic three-dimensional (3D) fast-recovery fast spin-echo (FSE) sequence with parallel imaging for the evaluation of possible biliary disease. This HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the institutional review board; informed consent was waived. Ninety-five patients (58 female, 37 male; mean age, 51 years; range, 15-91 years) underwent MRCP by using the respiratory-triggered isotropic 3D fast-recovery FSE sequence and endoscopic or percutaneous direct visualization between March 2003 and June 2007. Two independent readers evaluated the MRCP images for strictures, dilatation, and intraductal filling defects. Sensitivity, specificity, and interobserver agreement (kappa statistics) were determined. The respective sensitivity and specificity for strictures, dilatation, and intraductal filling defects (all choledocholithiasis) were 86% (40 of 47) and 94% (45 of 48), 98% (57 of 58) and 100% (37 of 37), and 68% (19 of 28) and 97% (65 of 67) for reader 1 and 88% (41 of 47) and 94% (45 of 48), 96% (56 of 58) and 100% (37 of 37), and 75% (21 of 28) and 99% (66 of 67) for reader 2. The sensitivity for stones larger than 3 mm was 94% (15 of 16) for reader 1 and 100% (16 of 16) for reader 2, whereas the sensitivity for stones 3 mm or smaller was 33% (four of 12) for reader 1 and 42% (five of 12) for reader 2. Agreement between readers was good to excellent, with kappa values of 0.76, 0.85, and 0.98 for strictures, dilatation, and choledocholithiasis, respectively. MRCP by using the respiratory-triggered isotropic 3D fast-recovery FSE sequence with parallel imaging demonstrates excellent diagnostic capabilities for possible biliary disease, although it is limited for stones 3 mm or smaller in size.
    Radiology 11/2008; 249(3):883-90. · 6.34 Impact Factor