ABSTRACT: Management of nutritional status is an integral part of the management of patients with renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis (HD). We investigated whether active nutritional counseling can improve biochemical nutritional parameters and fluid overload problems in patients on HD. A total of 110 patients, on three times per week HD, were enrolled in the study. Information regarding patient characteristics was collected with the help of a questionnaire. Patients with hypoalbuminemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, and more than three kilograms inter-dialytic weight gains were identified and were given active nutritional counseling. The above parameters were followed over a seven-month period. Active nutritional counseling resulted in significant decrease in the prevalence of hyperkalemia as well as high inter-dialytic weight gains (p < 0.001). However, the prevalence of hypoalbuminemia and hyperphosphatemia remained unchanged over the study period. Our study suggests that active nutritional counseling can improve certain important biochemical parameters and fluid overload problems in patients on maintenance HD.
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 15(2):140-3.