[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) treatment default is a major constraint of TB control, resulting in continued disease transmission and possibly the emergence of multidrug resistance. Marginalized populations may abandon treatment before being cured. The objective of this study was to evaluate the socioeconomic status (SES) of TB patients and identify potential incentives for improving treatment compliance by SES.
A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a public health unit in Duque de Caxias, a county with one of the lowest per capita incomes in Rio de Janeiro state. From November 2003 to March 2004, 305 TB patients answered an anonymous questionnaire on socio-demographic aspects, household items and family income, history of previous treatment default, and on incentives for improving treatment adherence. Incentives were classified as economic, administrative, health service support, and habits, and scored as fundamental (3), important (2), desirable (1), or irrelevant (0).
Health service support incentives had the highest scores overall. The aggregate economic incentive score correlated with SES (r = -0.191, p = 0.001). Among the 20% poorest patients, 16.7% had a previous history of default vs. 1.6% among the wealthiest (p = 0.004). Patients with a history of treatment default were significantly more likely to choose health service support incentives than other patients (r = -0.263, p = 0.039).
Professional commitment will be needed to effect the necessary changes in health service support. Financial support for food and transportation subsidies may be required to improve treatment compliance among the poorest TB patients, i.e. those most likely to have previously defaulted from treatment.
Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 06/2006; 12(5):PH1-5. · 1.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two tuberculosis (TB) reference hospitals and three general hospitals in Rio de Janeiro (RJ).
To analyze TB-attributed deaths as a tool for evaluating the TB control program in RJ.
Retrospective study based on 302 medical records selected from the 1998 death database.
Of 1146 registered adult (>14 years) TB-attributed deaths in RJ, 328 occurred in five hospitals, and 302 records were analyzed. Median age was 47.5 (17-89) years; 237 (78.5%) were male. Median time elapsed from onset of symptoms until diagnosis was 60 (7-730) days; median hospitalization was 60 (0-517) days. Acid-fast bacilli sputum smears were performed in 200 (69%) of 290 cases of pulmonary disease. Among 32 (36%) smear-negative patients, culture was done in only one. The recommended regimen (RHZ) was used in 175 (58%). Among 125 re-treatment patients, 55 (44%) were on RHZ instead of RHZE. Notification to health authorities was recorded in 131 (43.4%) cases.
In RJ, young people die from TB. Major issues identified in the public health system were poor detection and notification and a high default rate, perpetuating the spread of TB. Treating professionals do not follow guidelines, and political commitment is needed to ensure TB control in the state and in the country.
The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease: the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 10/2003; 7(9):855-9. · 2.61 Impact Factor