[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Surgery is the best treatment for primary GIST and may be curative, but resection extension/completeness impact on the prognosis remains controversial. The authors aim was to evaluate the clinicopathological (CP) parameters and surgical margins status influence on GIST patients' outcome.
The study evaluated 113 consecutive patients with sporadic GIST; the influence of CP parameters on recurrence-free survival (RFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) was determined by univariate analysis (UA) and multivariate analysis (MA).
Of 104 cases, macroscopically complete resection was achieved in 96: R0 surgical margin status in 78 and R1 in 18. Recurrence rates (12.5%) were significantly lower in R0 (9.0%) than in R1 (27.8%). Tumor > 10 cm, mitotic count > 5/50 high power field (HPF), and high-risk GIST predicted poor RFS and DSS (UA). Disease-specific survival was significantly shorter after macroscopic incomplete (R2) resection, for mixed cellular morphology, and in tumors with necrosis (UA). High-risk GIST (p = 0.016) and R2 resection (p = 0.013) predicted poor DSS of patients (MA).
High risk and positive macroscopic surgical margin status are parameters associated with poor disease-specific survival in GIST patients.
World Journal of Surgery 08/2008; 32(11):2375-82. · 2.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess KIT and PDGFRA mutations frequencies in a Portuguese series of gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs).
78 GISTs were evaluated for CD117 expression and screened for mutations in KIT (exons 9, 11, 13, 14 and 17) and PDGFRA (exons 12, 14 and 18) genes.
KIT activating mutations were identified in 44 (56%) of the 78 GISTs. Forty cases (91%) presented a mutation in KIT exon 11, and 4 (9%) in exon 9. One case showed a 4 bp deletion in intron 14. PDGFRA mutations were observed in 5 cases (6%): 2 (3%) in exon 12 and 3 (4%) in exon 18. Survival analysis was performed in 63 of the 78 GISTs. The presence of mutated KIT was significantly correlated with shorter survival of patients (p = 0.0460), and inversely associated with epithelioid histological type of GISTs (p = 0.0064).
Overall, the incidence of both KIT and PDGFRA mutations in these Portuguese series was 63%, being in agreement with other studies, mainly of Iberian populations. The great majority of mutations were located in KIT exon 11, statistically associated with worse prognosis and indicative of favourable response to imatinib-based therapy in this Portuguese series of GISTs.
Journal of clinical pathology 03/2008; 61(2):203-8. · 2.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC), KRAS are alternative to BRAF mutations and occur, respectively, in 30 and 10% of cases. Few reports addressed the association between KRAS–BRAF mutations and tumour progression specifically in sporadic microsatellite-stable (MSS) CRC. We screened KRAS and BRAF in 250 MSS primary CRC and 45 lymph node (LN) metastases and analysed the pathological features of the cases to understand the involvement of KRAS–BRAF activation in progression and metastasis. Forty-five per cent of primary MSS CRCs carried mutations in at least one of these genes and mutations were associated with wall invasion (P=0.02), presence and number of LN metastases (P=0.02 and P=0.03, respectively), distant metastases (P=0.004) and advanced stage (P=0.01). We demonstrated that KRAS and BRAF are alternative events in Tis and T1 MSS CRC and, KRAS rather than BRAF mutations, contributed to the progression of MSS CRC. The frequency of KRAS and/or BRAF mutations was higher in LN metastases than in primary carcinomas (P=0.0002). Mutated LN metastases displayed KRAS associated or not with BRAF mutations. BRAF mutations were never present as a single event. Concomitant KRAS and BRAF mutations increased along progression of MSS CRCs, suggesting that activation of both genes is likely to harbour a synergistic effect.Keywords: KRAS, BRAF, colorectal carcinoma, instability, MAP kinase, lymph node metastases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although several genetic alterations have been identified in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), it remains unclear whether these changes indicate an increased risk for malignancy. This paper analyzes the involvement of suppressor, mutator, and methylator pathways in malignant transformation associated with UC. A total of 60 colonic samples (47 affected non-neoplastic mucosa, 7 dysplasia, and 6 carcinoma) from 51 UC patients were analyzed for 22 microsatellite markers. p53 gene exons 5-8 were analyzed by single-strand conformational polymorphism, and APC gene by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (exons 1-14) and protein truncation test (exon 15). Methylation studies for MLH1 and CSPG2 genes were also performed. Microsatellite instability was absent in all samples whereas allelic imbalance (AI) and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) were detected mainly in samples with neoplastic transformation (P<0.0001). AI and/or LOH at loci located on chromosomes 5, 9, and 18 were significantly more frequent in neoplastic samples (P<0.01), as were TP53 gene mutations (P<0.007). A single mutation was detected for APC gene in a cancer sample. MLH1 gene methylation was absent in all analyzed samples, whereas CSPG2 gene methylation was detected in a single non-neoplastic sample. Our results suggest that the suppressor pathway plays the main role in UC associated tumorigenic progression. LOH at specific loci located on chromosomes 5, 9, and 18 appears to be specifically associated with malignancy risk.
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 11/2005; 162(1):68-73. · 1.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare vascular soft-tissue tumour of intermediate malignancy. Neurofibromatosis type I (NF-1) is a genetic syndrome associated with soft tissue sarcoma and higher risk of developing neoplasia. Lateral meningoceles are uncommon entities, being mostly associated with NF-1. We report a case of a 31-year-old woman, with NF-1 and past history of right thalamic/peduncular astrocytoma WHO grade II, admitted to the Neurosurgery Department in December 2003 due to severe low back pain, irradiating to the left leg without a radicular pattern. Thoraco-lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large left posterior paravertebral expansive lesion, bilateral and multiple thoraco-lumbar lateral meningoceles and dural ectasias with scalloping of the vertebral bodies. Biopsy of the paravertebral mass lesion disclosed EHE. We present this case because of the novel association between NF-1 and EHE, and the unusual aggressiveness of the neoplasia. Additionally, we highlight the co-existence of bilateral and multiple lateral meningoceles.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rarely reported in the esophagus. The authors report a patient with an esophageal GIST, incidentally found after an echocardiogram. CT scan and endoscopic ultrasonography showed the tumor in the dependence of the muscularis propria of the esophageal wall. An Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy was performed. The tumor was well-circumscribed involving the submucosal and the muscular layers of the esophagus, measuring 13.5 x 8.5 x 7.6 cm, without involving the surgical margins. Histologically, the tumor consisted of spindle cells, with low mitotic index (2/50 HPF), that were immunoreactive for KIT (CD117) and CD34, consistent with GIST of high risk of aggressive behavior. No adjuvant therapy was given to the patient, who is alive and without evidence of disease 1 year after surgery. Since esophageal GISTs are rarely reported in the literature and usually have a poor prognosis, the diagnostic differentiation of these tumors from other more common mesenchymal neoplasms is essential, both for therapeutic and prognostic reasons.
Diseases of the Esophagus 02/2005; 18(1):70-3. · 1.64 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Crohn’s disease (CD) is associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal malignancies (1, 2). Colonic adenocarcinoma is the most commonly associated neoplasia, though other tumors may occur in CD. Gastrointestinal autonomic nerve tumor (GANT), also termed “plexosarcoma,” is an uncommon neurogenic stromal spindle cell tumor of the intestinal tract and retroperitoneum. Electron microscopic and immunohistochemical features support an enteric autonomic type differentiation for GANT, distinct from other gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumors (3). Surgical resection is the treatment of choice, because even small tumors may metastasize and therapy is usually ineffective. This report describes a case of GANT in a patient with a 14-year history of Crohn’s colitis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of GANT in a patient with CD.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 01/2005; 50(8):1476-1480. · 2.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Both Helicobacter pylori genotype and host genetic polymorphisms play a role in determining the clinical consequences of H. pylori infection. We investigated whether there are any combinations of bacterial and host genotypes that are particularly associated with the occurrence of gastric carcinoma.
Genotypic variations in virulence-associated genes of H. pylori vacA (s and m regions) and cagA were determined in 221 subjects with chronic gastritis and 222 patients with gastric carcinoma by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-line probe assay. Polymorphisms in the human interleukin 1 beta (IL-1B) gene (IL-1B-511*C or IL-1B-511*T) and in the IL-1 receptor antagonist gene (IL-1RN intron 2 variable number of tandem repeats) were evaluated by PCR and single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis. All statistical tests were two-sided.
Infection with vacAs1-, vacAm1-, and cagA-positive strains of H. pylori was associated with an increased risk for gastric carcinoma, with odds ratios (ORs) of 17 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 7.8 to 38), 6.7 (95% CI = 3.6 to 12), and 15 (95% CI = 7.4 to 29), respectively. IL-1B-511*T carriers (IL-1B-511*T/*T or IL-1B-511*T/*C) homozygous for the short allele of IL-1RN (IL-1RN*2/*2) had an increased gastric carcinoma risk (OR = 3.3, 95% CI = 1.3 to 8.2). For each combination of bacterial/host genotype, the odds of having gastric carcinoma were greatest in those with both bacterial and host high-risk genotypes: vacAs1/IL-1B-511*T carrier (OR = 87, 95% CI = 11 to 679), vacAm1/IL-1B-511*T carrier (OR = 7.4, 95% CI = 3.2 to 17), cagA-positive/IL-1B-511*T carrier (OR = 25, 95% CI = 8.2 to 77), vacAs1/IL-1RN*2/*2 (OR = 32, 95% CI = 7.8 to 134), vacAm1/IL-1RN*2/*2 (OR = 8.8, 95% CI = 2.2 to 35), and cagA-positive/IL-1RN*2/*2 (OR = 23, 95% CI = 7.0 to 72).
Combined bacterial/host genotyping may provide an important tool in defining disease risk and targeting H. pylori eradication to high-risk individuals.
JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 12/2002; 94(22):1680-7. · 14.34 Impact Factor