[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a life-threatening condition in which multiorgan dysfunction manifests 48-72 hours after long bone or pelvis fractures. Right ventricular (RV) failure, especially in the setting of pulmonary hypertension, is a frequent feature of FES. We report our experience treating 2 young, previously healthy trauma patients who developed severe hypoxemia in the setting of FES. Neither patient had evidence of RV dysfunction on echocardiogram. The patients were treated with inhaled nitric oxide (NO), and their oxygenation significantly improved over the subsequent few days. Neither patient developed any cardiovascular compromise. Patients with FES that have severe hypoxemia and evidence of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are likely at risk for developing RV failure. We recommend that these patients with FES and severe refractory hypoxemia should be treated with inhaled NO therapy prior to the onset of RV dysfunction.
Case reports in critical care. 01/2014; 2014:506503.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Percutaneous bedside tracheostomy (PBT) is a one of the common and safe procedures in intensive care units through the world. In the present paper we published our clinical experience with a performance of PBTs in the regular ward by intensive care physicians' team. We found it safe and similar outcome in comparison to open surgical tracheostomy method in operation room by ENT team. The performance of PBT in the regular ward showed potential economic advantages in saving medical staff and operating room resources.
Critical care research and practice 01/2014; 2014:156814.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Page kidney is a well-known phenomenon causing hypertension, due to compression of renal parenchyma by a subcapsular hematoma, of either traumatic or non-traumatic origin. The main therapeutic approach is based on surgical approach (nephrectomy or hematoma evacuation) and antihypertensive treatment. In this paper we present a post-traumatic case of Page Kidney in a Critical Care unit. We discuss different therapeutical opportunities to extremely elevated systemic blood pressure resistant to traditional drug therapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective. Hyperthyroidism has been described as elevated serum free T3 and/or free T4 levels with decreased thyrotropin (TSH) concentrations. The main causes are related to autoimmune and neoplastic pathology. However, it might be caused due to a long-term topical exposure (iodine solution dressing) or by intravenous administration of iodine-containing substances. Both clinical and laboratory features might be presented. The main management is based on interruption of all exposures with iodine solutions and also antithyroid medicine in case of severe laboratory and clinical disturbances. Data Sources. We present a case of iodine-induced hyperthyroidism in a critically ill ICU patient caused by excessive iodine containing antiseptic solution washes and contrast agent administration. The patient was successfully treated by discontinuing iodine exposure and beta-blocker administration. Conclusions. In patients with underlying thyroid gland pathology, thyroid-function tests and clinical observation in the ICU are of critical importance.
Case reports in endocrinology. 01/2013; 2013:792745.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Unrecognized severe pseudomembranous colitis may become life threatening. A typical Clostridium difficile infection is associated with involvement of the colon; however, small bowel disease has also been described. Here, we present a case of a 48-year-old man with Clostridium difficile colitis of an isolated segment in the descending colon treated by a novel catheter intraluminal antibiotic irrigation. The intraluminal antibiotic irrigation was performed through a Foley catheter inserted into the isolated mucus fistula. The patient recovered after three weeks of intraluminal vancomycin (250 mg diluted in 150 ml of normal saline x Q6) and metronidazole (500 mg x Q8). Both antibiotics were given into the mucus fistula over 30 min. The patient was discharged from the unit four weeks after admission. This novel technique, in which the antibiotic was administered through an inserted intraluminal Foley urinary catheter, may be an efficient and safe alternative when conventional routes cannot be implemented.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An outbreak of varicella occurred in an internal medicine ward. The outbreak comprised 3 nurses, 2 of whom were directly exposed to an immunocompetent patient with localized herpes zoster. Our observation provides an argument for airborne precautions in hospitalized patients with localized herpes zoster.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure, frequently used in patients with respiratory failure requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation. It is associated with fewer complications and may facilitate weaning from mechanical ventilation. Over the past 15 years, bedside percutaneous tracheostomy (PDT) has been widely employed as the primary method for performing tracheostomy in intensive care units. However, the ideal technique and timing for this procedure is still controversial.
To characterize the patients who underwent bedside percutaneous tracheostomy (PDT) in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) in terms of complications, clinical characteristics upon admission, short and long term outcome.
This retrospective cohort study included all patients hospitalized at the MICU from January 2003 to December 2007 who underwent bedside PDT. The patients' demographic data, past diagnosis, reason for admission to the ICU and a wide variety of data regarding procedure performance and complications were retrieved from the patients' charts. The information was subsequently computerized and analyzed.
The study population included 126 patients who underwent bedside PDT. Overall, 63.5% were men and the average age was 59.8 years. Patients who survived for 30 days after the procedure had a lower burden of background morbidity as reflected by their Charlson score. The one year mortality rate was 56.6%, of which 70% of the patients died in the first month following the procedure. Overall complication rate was low and occurred in 9 patients (7.1%). There was no procedure-related mortality. The most common pathogens isolated from patients' sputum were Acinetobacter spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The survival rate was highest among the group of patients who underwent tracheostomy during the first 10 days after initiation of mechanical ventilation.
Bedside PDT is a simple, safe and readily available procedure with low morbidity rates when performed by an experienced operator. However, long term outcome remains poor Survival rates were lower among patients who underwent the procedure within ten days of mechanical ventilation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine if statin therapy reduces the incidence of severe sepsis and the levels of inflammatory cytokines in patients with acute bacterial infection.
Double-blind placebo controlled randomized clinical trial.
Department of medicine and medical intensive care unit in a tertiary university medical center.
A total of 83 patients with suspected or documented bacterial infection were enrolled. We randomly assigned 42 patients to receive 40 mg of simvastatin orally, followed by 20 mg of simvastatin, and 41 to receive matching placebo.
The study was prematurely terminated due to slow recruitment rate. Here we report the analysis of the secondary outcome: change in cytokines levels at 72 h. Both groups were evenly matched in terms of co-morbidity and severity of illness on admission. Four of the 83 patients enrolled developed severe sepsis, two in each group. No difference was observed in other clinical variables and there were no mortalities. Cytokine levels were randomly assessed in 40 patients (20 in each group). Both TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels were significantly reduced in the simvastatin group (p = 0.02 and p = 0.02, respectively), while no such difference was observed in the placebo group (p = 0.35 and 0.39, respectively).
Statin therapy may be associated with a reduction in the levels of inflammatory cytokines in patients with acute bacterial infections. Large controlled trials will determine if this reduction will translate into a clinical benefit.
European Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 03/2009; 35(7):1255-60. · 5.17 Impact Factor