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ABSTRACT: A G protein-coupled natriuretic peptide-guanylyl cyclase receptor-B (NPR-B) located in plasma membranes from bovine tracheal smooth muscle shows complex kinetics and regulation. NPR-B was activated by natriuretic peptides (CNP-53 > ANP-28) at the ligand extracellular domain, stimulated by Gq-protein activators, such as mastoparan, and inhibited by Gi-sensitive chloride, interacting at the juxtamembrane domain. The kinase homology domain was evaluated by the ATP inhibition of Mn2+-activated NPR-B, which was partially reversed by mastoparan. The catalytic domain was studied by kinetics of Mn2+/Mg2+ and GTP, and the catalytic effect with GTP analogues with modifications of the /gamma phosphates and ribose moieties. Most NPR-B biochemical properties remained after detergent solubilization but the mastoparan activation and chloride inhibition of NPR-B disappeared. Our results indicate that NPR-B is a highly regulated nano-machinery with domains acting at cross-talk points with other signal transducing cascades initiated by G protein-coupled receptors and affected by intracellular ligands such as chloride, Mn2+, Mg2+, ATP, and GTP.
Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 02/2006; 26(4):269-97. · 1.63 Impact Factor