The human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER1/EGFR/ErbB1) signaling is aberrant and overexpressed in many solid malignancies making it an appealing target for biologic agents. Among the classes of drugs targeting EGFR are monoclonal antibodies and EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, which have been shown effective and generally well tolerated in different clinical settings. The majority of patients treated with EGFR inhibitors (EGFRIs) develop specific dose-dependent skin toxicity. This side effect may lead to physical and psychosocial discomfort which can result in dose reduction or treatment interruption. The relationship between rash and clinical outcome has stimulated interest in this particular toxicity as a possible surrogate marker of efficacy in patients treated with targeted agents against EGFR. This review aims to summarize and update the current knowledge of the clinical presentation, predictive and prognostic value, and the management of EGFRI-related skin toxicity.
Clinical Colorectal Cancer 02/2008; 7(1):33-43. DOI:10.3816/CCC.2008.n.005 · 2.91 Impact Factor