[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the results of T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia treatment with fludarabine by assessing the complete hematologic response, the complete molecular response, progression-free survival, and overall survival.
We evaluated the records of six patients with T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia who were treated with fludarabine as a first-, second-, or third-line therapy, at a dose of 40 mg/m², for three to five days per month and 6 to 8 cycles.
Of the six patients investigated with T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia who were treated with fludarabine, five (83.3%) were female, and their median age was 36.5 years (range 18 to 73). The median lymphocyte level was 3.4 x 10(9)/L (0.5 to 8.9). All patients exhibited a monoclonal T-cell receptor gamma gene rearrangement at diagnosis. Two (33.3%) patients received fludarabine as first-line treatment, two (33.3%) for refractory disease, one (16.6%) for relapsed disease after the suspension of methotrexate treatment due to liver toxicity, and one (16.6%) due to dyspesia. A complete hematologic response was achieved in all cases, and a complete molecular response was achieved in five out six cases (83.3%). During a mean follow-up period of 12 months, both the progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 100%.
T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia demonstrated a high rate of complete hematologic and molecular response to fludarabine, with excellent compliance and tolerability rates. To confirm our results in this rare disease, we believe that fludarabine should be tested in clinical trials as a first-line treatment for T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia.
Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil) 07/2012; 67(7):745-8. · 1.59 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HTLV-I-transformed T cells secrete biologically active forms of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF). In addition, HTLV-I-transformed cells have a high capacity of adhesion to endothelial cells.
We measured the circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and mature endothelial cells (MECs) by flow cytometry in 27 HTLV-I carriers in comparison to 30 healthy, age- and gender-matched subjects. All subjects had HTLV-I positivity confirmed by Western blot and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The numbers of different subpopulations of EPCs and MECSs were evaluated by four-color flow cytometry using a panel of monoclonal antibodies. All reactions were done in duplicate to confirm reproducibility of the results.
The median age of all 27 HTLV-I carriers enrolled in this study was 45 years (range: 27-65 years); 11 (41%) were male and 16 (59%) were female. The median age of the 30 healthy subjects in the control group was 45.5 years (range: 20-63 years); 11 (36.6%) were male and 19 (63.4%) were female. The number of EPCs was significantly higher in HTLV-I carriers (median 0.8288 cells/μL, range: 0.0920-3.3176 cells/μL) as compared to control group (median 0.4905 cells/μL, range: 0.0000-1.5660 cells/μL) (p = 0.035). In contrast, the median of the MECs in the HTLV-I carriers was 0.6380 cells/μL (range: 0.0473-5.7618 cells/μL) and 0.4950 cells/μL (range: 0.0000-4.0896 cells/μL) in the control group, with no statistical difference (p = 0.697).
We demonstrated that EPCs, but not MECs, are increased in the peripheral blood of HTLV-I carriers.
Archives of medical research 01/2011; 42(1):34-7. · 1.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gene expression and immunohistochemical profiling of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have revealed important prognostic subgroups: germinal center B-cell-like (GCB-like) DLBCL and activated B cell-like (ABC-like) DLBCL. Although few reports on high-risk DLBCL are available, the prognosis for the GCB-like subgroup has been shown to be better than that of the ABC-like subgroup. The role of Bcl-2 as a predictor of survival in DLBCL cases is unclear and its expression varies between the two subgroups of DLBCL. In this study, we analyzed the frequency and prognostic impact of Bcl-2 protein expression in high-risk DLBCL cases.
Retrospective cohort study among DLBCL patients treated at Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HC-FMUSP).
The prognostic impact of the expression of the proteins CD10, Bcl-6, MUM1 (multiple myeloma oncogene-1) and Bcl-2 on high-risk DLBCL cases was evaluated by means of immunohistochemistry. Seventy-three patients aged 18-60 years were evaluated for all these markers.
Twenty-four cases (32.9%) were GCB-like and 49 (67.1%) were ABC-like, with no difference regarding complete remission, disease-free survival or overall survival rates. Twenty-seven patients (37%) showed Bcl-2 expression, which was the only independent factor predicting a worse prognosis for overall survival according to multivariate analysis.
Bcl-2 protein was expressed in 37% of the high-risk DLBCL patients, without any difference between the ABC-like DLBCL and GCB-like DLBCL cases.
São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina 01/2010; 128(1):14-7. · 0.75 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the efficacy, toxicity and mobilization rate after modified Magrath IVAC (mIVAC) chemotherapy regimen prescribed in relapsed disease (RD) or primary refractory disease (PRD) in aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
Twenty-four patients (16 males, 8 females) aged 18-59 years (median age 37 year) were analyzed. The most frequent histopathological subgroup was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLCL-B) (n=21/24), 13 (54%) were considered RD and 11 (46%) PRD. The mIVAC consisted of ifosfamide (IFM), high dose cytarabine and etoposide repeated every 28 days.
The overall response (OR) after three cycles of mIVAC was 66. 6%. Among the patients with PRD, OR was 45.5% (5 out of 11) and with RD was 86.4%, p>0.05, however, it was observed in RD better complete response (CR) than PRD 53.8x9.1% (p<0.05). Eighty-eight percent (14 out of 16) of patients with chemosensitive disease to mIVAC underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). The median number of collected CD34+ cells was 2.86x10(6) (range 2.17x10(6) to 4.9x10(6)). The median overall survival rate (OS) for chemosensitive to mIVAC was 16.3 months, with a median follow-up of 16 months. Grades III-IV neutropenia was observed in 85.6% per cycles and grades III-IV thrombocytopenia in 87.5%. Grades III-IV febrile neutropenia was the most common nonhematological toxicity, it occurred in 28% of the cycles and no deaths by toxicity were observed.
Although a statistic comparative study was not carried out for these 24 patients, the rate of OR to mIVAC was alike the other second-line infusion regimens. The mobilization failure rate was 57.1% and it was similar to other regimens with high dose cytarabine, but it did not limit performed ASCT.
Leukemia Research 06/2006; 30(6):681-5. · 2.76 Impact Factor