Abed E Dehnee

Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States

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Publications (2)2.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Since the introduction of echocardiography the diagnosis of papillary fibroelastomas (PFEs) in living patients has increased. They are second most common after myxomas representing 10% of cardiac tumors. The present case is of a patient with recurrent cerebrovascular accidents and documented protein S deficiency who continued to stroke despite adequate anticoagulation. Mitral valve PFE was suspected on echocardiography and confirmed at surgical excision. Two large studies published in the last decade describe the echocardiographic and clinical characteristics of PFEs which although are histologically benign, may present with a clinical course of devastating consequences owing to its strategic location within the cardiac structures. Echocardiography, particularly transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), provides the necessary anatomical resolution and detail to ascertain location, extent of involvement, and hemodynamic implications. Tissue diagnosis is based on characteristic histopathological features of avascular fronds lined by endothelial cells, containing varying amounts of elastin. The echocardiographic characteristics along with treatment options are reviewed.
    Echocardiography 09/2006; 23(7):592-5. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The coronary sinus (CS) can provide access to targets across and within the atrioventricular (AV) junction. In 12 dogs (32 +/- 3 Kg), cryo balloons (10-19 mm) were applied to regions of the AV junction for 3 minutes at a temperature of -75.9( composite function) +/- 9(composite function)C (ranging -57 to -83). Electrical activity and pacing within the CS were assessed pre and post ablation and at least 3 months later in 9 dogs. In the 3 other dogs, hearts were examined immediately after cryo ablation. CS and circumflex angiography was performed pre and post ablation. The hearts, CS, and Cx were then examined for structural injury. The AV junction was sectioned and the hearts were immersed in Tetrazolium, and the lesions were inspected for transmurality across the AV groove. In 3/12 dogs the distal CS cryo lesions resulted in inferior ST segment depression that resolved within 5 minutes. There was no arrhythmia or hemodynamic changes. No CS electrical activity was noted post ablation. The pacing threshold increased from 2 +/- 2.3 mA to 7.4 +/- 3.6 mA (p < 0.001). Pathological examination of 3 acute hearts revealed hematomas. There was no pericardial effusion. No evidence of stenosis or thrombosis was seen within the CS and the circumflex artery. After 3 months of recovery, transmural lesions across the AV groove were present in all of the targeted AV regions. Intra-CS cryo balloon ablation is safe and can potentially replace endocardial RF ablation targeting the AV junction and the CS muscular sleeve.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 05/2005; 12(3):203-11. · 1.39 Impact Factor