Abdul Majeed Al-Drees

King Saud University, Riyadh, Mintaqat ar Riyad, Saudi Arabia

Are you Abdul Majeed Al-Drees?

Claim your profile

Publications (14)13.73 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine the distribution of clinical symptoms based on the gender and age of patients with Carpel Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). Study Design: A cross-sectional observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from April 2009 to June 2011. Methodology: Two hundred and twenty seven subjects with carpal tunnel syndrome symptom were recruited. CTS was diagnosed based on the clinical history and examination. For further confirmation of CTS symptoms, nerve conduction studies (NCS) were conducted. Results: There were 67 (29.5%) males and 160 (70.5%) females with mean age of 47.79 ± 5.53 years. Distributions of symptoms were 34.3% at the level of whole three lateral fingers, 14.9% were at the level of hand and forearm, was common in males compared to females. However, 48.8% symptoms at the level of whole hand, and 11.3% at the tips of the three lateral fingers were common in females compared to males. Distribution of symptoms in the whole three lateral fingers (41.6%) were significantly higher (p = 0.0001) in patients who were more than 50 years of age and symptoms at the level of wrist region (12.7%) were significantly higher (p = 0.001) in patients with age group less than 50 years. Conclusion: The distribution of CTS symptoms at the level of whole of three lateral fingers, hand and forearm were higher in males compared to females, and symptoms at the lateral three tips of the fingers and whole hand were common in females compared to males. Furthermore, the symptoms in whole three lateral fingers were higher in patients with more than 50 years of age and at the level of wrist region were higher in patients with age less than 50 years.
    Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP. 01/2014; 24(1):30-3.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare the impact of the PowerPoint multimedia presentation and chalkboard in teaching by assessing the knowledge based on the marks obtained. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from December 2007 - June 2009. Methodology: Three-hundred male medical students were divided into three groups and a selected content-based lecture in physiology was delivered. For one group lecture was delivered using PowerPoint presentation, for second group using chalkboard and for third group the lecture was delivered by using both PowerPoint as well as chalkboard. Single-best Multiple Choice Questions [MCQs] paper was used for assessing the knowledge gained. The same exercise was repeated in another medical science school for the confirmation of validity and reliability of the results. Results: Students who attended the class on both PowerPoint and chalkboard obtained significantly higher score in single best MCQ examination compared to those students who attended the same content based lecture on the PowerPoint or chalkboard alone (p = 0.05). Conclusion: The integrated (PowerPoint and chalkboard) method of teaching was found more suitable tool of teaching and learning than PowerPoint or chalkboard alone.
    Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP. 01/2013; 23(1):47-50.
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine the effect of long term exposure to cement dust on lung function in non-smoking cement mill workers. This is a cross-sectional study of respiratory functions. Spirometry was performed in 100 apparently healthy volunteers; 50 non-smoking cement mill workers and 50 non-smoking un-exposed subjects. Based on the duration of exposure, cement mill workers were divided into three groups, less than 5, 5-10 and greater than 10 years. All subjects were individually matched for age, height, weight, and socioeconomic status. Pulmonary function test was performed by using an electronic spirometer. Significant reduction was observed in the mean values of Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV(1)), Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) and Maximal Voluntary Ventilation in cement mill workers who had been working in the cement industry for more than 10 years compared to their matched un-exposed group. Lung functions in cement mill workers were significantly impaired and results show a long term duration response effect of years of exposure to cement dust on lung functions.
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 01/2013; 10(1):390-8. · 2.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the lung function among Saudi type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) children and adolescents. This study was conducted in the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Pulmonology and University Diabetes Centre, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from December 2008 to July 2010. A group of 52 (26 male and 26 female) volunteer T1DM children were recruited with an age range from 8-14 years (mean 12.05 +/- 1.42 years), mean duration of disease of 5.25 +/- 0.47 years, and mean glycosylated hemoglobin of 11.27 +/- 0.31%. Spirometry was performed on an Electronic Spirometer (Compact Vitalograph, Stockwell, London, UK). Pulmonary function in children with diabetes showed significant lower mean values of actual lung function parameters forced vital capacity (FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and maximum mid expiratory flow rate (MMEF) compared to their predicted values. However, there was no significant reduction in the actual forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), and FEV1/FVC% compared to their predicted values. The actual lung function data among Saudi T1DM children and adolescents showed significantly lower values of FVC, PEF, and MMEF compared to the predicted lung function data.
    Saudi medical journal 08/2011; 32(8):778-83. · 0.62 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the morphological changes induced by mobile phone radiation in the testis of Wistar albino rats. Cohort study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from April 2007 to June 2008. Forty male Wistar albino rats were divided in three groups. First group of eight served as the control. The second group [group B, n=16] was exposed to mobile phone radiation for 30 minutes/day and the third group [group C, n=16] was exposed to mobile phone radiation for 60 minutes/day for a total period of 3 months. Morphological changes in the testes induced by mobile phone radiations were observed under a light microscope. Exposure to mobile phone radiation for 60 minutes/day caused 18.75% hypospermatogenesis and 18.75% maturation arrest in the testis of albino rats compared to matched controls. However, no abnormal findings were observed in albino rats that were exposed to mobile phone radiation for 30 minutes/day for a total period of 3 months. Long-term exposure to mobile phone radiation can cause hypospermatogenesis and maturation arrest in the spermatozoa in the testis of Wistar albino rats.
    Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan: JCPSP 05/2011; 21(5):262-5. · 0.30 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of electromagnetic field radiation generated by mobile phones on serum testosterone levels in Wistar albino rats. This experimental interventional control study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during the period December 2006 to April 2008. A total of 34 male Albino rats [Wistar strain], 2 months of age, weighing 150-160 gm were used for the experiment. These animals were divided into 3 groups. The first group containing 6 rats was assigned as a control group. The second group containing 14 rats was exposed to mobile phone radiation for 30 minutes daily and the third group containing 14 rats was exposed to mobile phone radiation for 60 minutes daily for the total period of 3 months. At the end of experimental period, blood was collected into the container, and serum testosterone was analyzed using double-antibody radioimmunoassay method by Coat-A-Count. Exposure to mobile phone radiation for 60 minutes/day for the total period of 3 months significantly decrease the serum testosterone level [p=0.028] in Wistar Albino rats compared to their matched control. Long-term exposure to mobile phone radiation leads to reduction in serum testosterone levels. Testosterone is a primary male gender hormone and any change in the normal levels may be devastating for reproductive and general health.
    Saudi medical journal 08/2010; 31(8):869-73. · 0.62 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oil spillage in the sea water is a disaster for marine life and humans in the vicinity. The study aimed at investigating health complaints among subjects involved in oil cleanup operations during a spillage from a Greek oil tanker "Tasman Spirit". The project was conducted under the supervision of the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study concerned the respiratory and general health complaints in 50 apparently healthy, non-smoking male workers exposed to crude oil during oil cleanup operations. The exposed group was matched with a similar number of male, non-smoking controls. The health complaints were evaluated based on a comprehensive interview. The subjects involved in oil cleanup operations had significantly higher rates of health complaints including cough (38%), runny nose (36%), eye irritation/redness (32%), sore throat (28%), headache (28%), nausea (24%) and general illness (18%), compared to their matched controls. Air pollution due to crude oil spillage into sea water may cause respiratory and general health complaints in workers involved in oil cleanup operations.
    International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 07/2009; 22(2):143-8. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oil spill in sea water represents a huge environmental disaster for marine life and humans in the vicinity. The aim was to investigate the effect of duration of exposure to polluted air environment on lung function in subjects exposed to crude oil spill into sea water. The present study was conducted under the supervision of Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period July 2003 - December 2004. This was a comparative study of spirometry in 31 apparently healthy, non smoking, male workers, exposed to crude oil spill environment during the oil cleaning operation. The exposed group was matched with similar number of male, non smoking control subjects. Pulmonary function test was performed by using an electronic spirometer. Subjects exposed to polluted air for periods longer than 15 days showed a significant reduction in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in First Second (FEV1), Forced Expiratory Flow in 25-25% (FEF25-75%) and Maximal Voluntary Ventilation (MVV). Air environment polluted due to crude oil spill into sea water caused impaired lung function and this impairment was associated with dose response effect of duration of exposure to air polluted by crude oil spill into sea water.
    International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 05/2009; 22(1):35-41. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A Greek oil-tanker ran aground, resulting in a huge oil spill along the costal areas of Karachi, Pakistan. The purpose of this study was to assess the lung function and follow up change after one year in subjects exposed to crude oil spill in sea water. It was a cross sectional study with follow up in 20 apparently healthy, non-smoking, male workers, who were exposed to a crude oil spill environment during oil cleaning operation. The exposed group was matched with 31 apparently healthy male control subjects. Pulmonary function test was performed using an electronic Spirometer. Subjects exposed to polluted air have significant reduction in forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV(1)), forced expiratory flow (FEF(25-75%)) and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) compared to their matched controls. This impairment was reversible and lung functions parameters were improved when the subjects were withdrawn from the polluted air environment.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 02/2008; 56(1):88-94. · 2.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Electromyography (EMG) of respiratory muscles is a reliable method of assessing the ventilatory muscle function, but still its use has not been fully utilized to determine the occupational and environmental hazards on respiratory muscles. Therefore, EMG of intercostal muscles was performed to determine the dose response effect of cement dust on respiratory muscles competence. Matched cross-sectional study of EMG in 50 non-smoking cement mill workers with an age range of 20 - 60 years, who worked without the benefit of cement dust control ventilation or respiratory protective devices. EMG was performed by using surface electrodes and chart recorder. Significant reduction was observed in number of peaks (p < 0.0005), maximum peak amplitude (p < 0.0005), peak-to-peak amplitude (p < 0.0005) and duration of response (p < 0.0005) in cement mill workers compared to their matched control. Cement dust impairs the intercostal muscle competence and stratification of results shows a dose-effect of years of exposure in cement mill.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 01/2007; 16(6):439-47. · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Sultan A Meo, Abdul Majeed Al-Drees, Muhammad Arif, Khalid Al-Rubean
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus on lung function and to determine its severity in relation to duration of disease. We conducted this study in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital and Diabetic Centre, King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during the year 2002 - 2004. A group of 32 apparently healthy volunteer male type 2 diabetic patients were randomly selected with an age range from 24-73 years. We matched the diabetic patients with another group of 40 control healthy male subjects in terms of age, height, weight, and socioeconomic status. Both groups met with exclusion criteria as per standard. Spirometry was performed on an Electronic Spirometer (Schiller AT-2 Plus, Switzerland) and results were compared using the 2-tailed student t-test. Diabetic patients showed a significant reduction in the forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) relative to their matched controls. However, there were no significant difference in the forced expiratory ratio (FEV1/FVC%) and middle half of the FVC (FEF 25-75%) between the groups. Lung function in type 2 diabetic patients is impaired by a decrease in FVC, FEV1 and PEF, as compared to their matched controls. Stratification of results by years of disease showed a dose-response effect on lung function.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2006; 27(3):338-43. · 0.62 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the effects of type 1 diabetes mellitus on lung function and its gravity in relation to the duration of disease. We carried out this study in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine and Diabetic Center, King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during the period 2003-2004. We randomly selected a group of 27 apparently healthy volunteer Saudi male type 1 diabetic patients with age ranging from 19-70 years. We matched the diabetic patients with another group of 27 control healthy male subjects in terms of age, height, weight and socioeconomic status. Both groups met with exclusion criteria as per standard. We performed spirometry on an Electronic Spirometer (Schiller AT-2 Plus, Switzerland) and compared the results by a student t-test (2-tailed). Type 1 diabetic patients showed a significant reduction in the forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) relative to their matched controls. However, there was no significant difference in the forced expiratory ratio, forced expiratory flow; forced expiratory flow and peak expiratory flow (PEF) between the groups. It is concluded that lung function in type 1 diabetic patients is impaired by a decrease in FVC and FEV1 as compared to their matched controls. Additionally, the years of disease showed a dose-response effect on lung function.
    Saudi medical journal 12/2005; 26(11):1728-33. · 0.62 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Sultan A Meo, Abdul Majeed Al-Drees
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Flour dust occurs across the range of food industries; its exposure may induce acute or chronic respiratory ailments. The objective of the study was to assess the effects of flour dust on the lung function. The lung function was studied in forty-six male flour mill workers and a similar number of male control subjects; all participants were non-smokers with the age range from 18 to 65 years. The subjects were matched for age, height, weight and socioeconomic status. The pulmonary function test was performed by using an electronic spirometer (Compact Vitalograph, UK) and results were compared by a paired t-test. Significant reduction in the overall mean values of FVC, FEV1, PEF, and MW were observed in wheat flour mill workers relative to their matched controls. Based on the results of the present study, we conclude that the flour mill workers in Pakistan, like grain workers elsewhere, are at an increased risk of developing occupationally related pulmonary function impairments. The results suggest that there is an urgent need to improve dust control measures and the health status of flour mill workers.
    International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 02/2005; 18(3):259-64. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Sultan A Meo, Abdul M Al-Drees
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over the past decade utilization of mobile phones has dramatically increased. They are now an essential part of business, commerce, and communication, however, their use may lead to health problems. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate a link between the use of mobile phones and hearing and vision symptoms in the Saudi population and also to contribute to the increase in social awareness of health problems associated with the use of these devices. A total of 873 (57.04% of males and 39.86% of females) subjects using mobile phones were invited to participate in the presented study. A structured questionnaire was distributed among them to collect a detailed medical history. The Chi-square test was employed to observe the relationship between duration of calls and hearing and vision complaints. The present study showed an association between the use of mobile phones and hearing and vision complaints. About 34.59% of problems were related with impaired hearing, ear ache and/or warmth on the ear, and 5.04% of complaints with the decreased and/or blurred vision. It is concluded that the use of mobile phone is a health risk factor, and thus it is suggested that excessive use of mobile phones should be avoided and social awareness increased through health promotion activities, such as group discussions or public presentations and via electronic and printed media sources.
    International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 02/2005; 18(1):53-7. · 1.31 Impact Factor