[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MacDonald Dettwiler is leading a PRECARN partnership project to develop an advanced simulation testbed for the evaluation of the effectiveness of Network Enabled Operations in a coastal large volume surveillance situation. The main focus of this testbed is to study concepts like distributed information fusion, dynamic resources and networks configuration management, and self synchronising units and agents. This article presents the system architecture with an emphasis on our approach for distributed information fusion.
Information Fusion, 2007 10th International Conference on; 08/2007
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The extraction of 3D building geometric information from high-resolution electro-optical imagery is becoming a key element in numerous geospatial applications. Indeed, producing 3D urban models is a requirement for a variety of applications such as spatial analysis of urban design, military simulation, and site monitoring of a particular geographic location. However, almost all operational approaches developed over the years for 3D building reconstruction are semi-automated ones, where a skilled human operator is involved in the 3D geometry modeling of building instances, which results in a time-consuming process. Furthermore, such approaches usually require stereo image pairs, image sequences, or laser scanning of a specific geographic location to extract the 3D models from the imagery. Finally, with current techniques, the 3D geometric modeling phase may be characterized by the extraction of 3D building models with a low accuracy level. This paper describes the Automatic Building Detection (ABD) system and embedded algorithms currently under development. The ABD system provides a framework for the automatic detection of buildings and the recovery of 3D geometric models from single monocular electro-optic imagery. The system is designed in order to cope with multi-sensor imaging of arbitrary viewpoint variations, clutter, and occlusion. Preliminary results on monocular airborne and spaceborne images are provided. Accuracy assessment of detected buildings and extracted 3D building models from single airborne and spaceborne monocular imagery of real scenes are also addressed. Embedded algorithms are evaluated for their robustness to deal with relatively dense and complicated urban environments.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a novel fiber-optic confocal microscope in which the scanning operation is achieved by use of a spatial light modulator (SLM) to sequentially illuminate individual fibers or patterns of multiple fibers. Experimental images are presented, and the optical-sectioning capability of the device is demonstrated. The novel SLM-based system is more optically efficient, achieves higher contrast, and has improved optical-sectioning capabilities compared with those of other proposed instruments for confocal microendoscopy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Conventional endoscopy is limited to imaging macroscopic views of tissue. The British Columbia Cancer Research Center, in collaboration with Digital Optical Imaging Corp., is developing a fiber-bundle based microendoscopy system to enable in vivo confocal imaging of cells and tissue structure through the biopsy channel of an endoscope, hypodermic needle, or catheter. The feasibility of imaging individual cells and tissue architecture will be presented using both reflectance and tissue auto-fluorescence modes of imaging. The system consists of a coherent fiber bundle, low-magnification high-NA objective lens, Digital Micromirror DeviceTM(DMD), light source, and CCD camera. The novel approach is the precise control and manipulation of light flow into and out of individual optical fibers. This control is achieved by employing a DMD to illuminate and detect light from selected fibers such that only the core of each fiber is illuminated or detected. The objective of the research is to develop a low-cost, clinically viable microendoscopy system for a range of detection, diagnostic, localization and differentiation uses associated with cancer and pre-cancerous conditions. Currently, multi-wavelength reflectance confocal images with 1 micrometers lateral resolution and 1.6 micrometers axial resolution have been achieved using a 0.95 mm bundle with 30,000 fibers.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: All of the different modes of microscopy deliver light in a controlled fashion to the object to be examined and collect as much of the light containing the desired information about the object as possible. The system being presented replaces the simple circular or annular diaphragms of a conventional microscope with digital micromirror devices to enable digital light microscopy. The DMDs are placed in the optical path at positions corresponding to the field and aperture diaphragms of a conventional microscope. This allows for more precise and flexible control over the spatial location, amount, and angles of the illumination light, and the light to be collected. Digital light microscopy enables the improvement of existing modes of microscopy, specifically for quantitative microscopy applications. Confocal microscopy has been performed, realizing improvements in resolution, flexibility, and cost. Three different combinations of image acquisition and post- processing algorithms have ben sued to generate confocal images, as well as a tomographic reconstruction image.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are many different modes of microscopy, and all of these modes deliver light in a controlled fashion to the object to be examined and collect as much of the light containing the desired information about the object as possible. The system being presented replaces the simple irises of a conventional microscope with digital micromirror devices (DMDs, made by Texas Instruments) to produce a digital microscope. The DMDs are placed in the optical path at positions corresponding to the field and aperture diaphragms of a conventional microscope. This allows for more precise and flexible control over the spatial location, amount, and angles of the illumination light, and the light to be collected. This digital microscope will improve existing modes of microscopy, specifically in quantitative microscopy. Using the intensity modulation feature of the DMDs, the system can correct for inhomogeneous illumination sources to achieve uniform distributions. In various configurations, one can perform brightfield, darkfield, confocal and fluorescence microscopy. In addition, new microscopy modes will be possible, such as reconstruction microscopy. Utilizing the fast switching times of the mirrors (under 20 microseconds), one can switch between modes efficiently.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are numerous modes of microscopy such as brightfield, darkfield, phase contrast, fluorescence, reflected light, confocal, etc. All of these forms of microscopy deliver illumination light in a controlled fashion to the object to be examined and collect as much light containing the desired information as possible. The majority of these methods use appropriately placed and formed diaphragms (iris, pin hole, annulus, etc.) and lenses to control both the incident angles of the illumination light and its intensity as well as the size and location of the illuminated area in the sample. Usually these diaphragms are a simple iris or annulus and are almost always static. The novel aspect of the system being presented is to replace these simple mechanical diaphragms with digital micro mirror devices (1DMDs made by Texas Instruments) to allow for more precise, flexible control over the transmission behavior of these optical planes. By placing DMDs in the same plane (actual or conjugate) as that of the field iris, illumination aperture iris (condenser diaphragm), objective lens aperture stop, and field stop, one has the ability to rapidly switch between brightfield, darkfield, confocal and reconstruction microscopy. In addition because of the intensity modulating features of DMDs, one can create a uniform illumination distributions in the sample or a non- uniform distribution.