ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is the third most frequent type of neoplasia and the second most important cause of death in the world. ACP01 is the first gastric adenocarcinoma cell line developed in Brazil. To evaluate chromosomal aberrations implicated in gastric carcinogenesis, we analysed three different passages (6th, 12th and 35th) of ACP01 cell line by fluorescence in situ hybridisation using chromosome 8 alpha-satellite probe. Most of the chromosome 8 alterations found involved a numerical increase of this chromosome. Chromosome 8 trisomy was detected in all cases, varying from 37% (6th passage) to 67% (35th passage), and chromosome 8 tetrasomy (also observed in all passages) varied from 2.5% (6th passage) to 30% (35th passage). The presence of five signals for chromosome 8 was observed in all passages with the highest frequency found in the 12th passage (20%). Our results confirm that trisomy of chromosome 8 is a common biological phenomenon in adenocarcinoma of stomach and can be used as a gastric mucosa malignancy marker. Although gastric tumours are frequent neoplasias, papers on their cytogenetics are scarce in the literature. It is, therefore, necessary to conduct new studies aiming to identify peculiar genetic characteristics of a tumour, which might help in diagnosis and prognosis of this disease, besides allowing more accurate therapeutic conduct to be established.
Clinical and Experimental Medicine 11/2006; 6(3):129-33. · 1.58 Impact Factor