[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although the therapeutic role of ajoene, an organosulfur compound of garlic, in cardiovascular diseases and mycology has been established, its usefulness in cancer treatment has only recently been suggested. We applied ajoene topically to the tumors of 21 patients with either nodular or superficial basal cell carcinoma (BCC). A reduction in tumor size was seen in 17 patients. Immunohistochemical assays for Bcl-2 expression in a selection of these tumors before and after treatment showed a significant decrease in this apoptosis-suppressing protein. On average, the percentage of tumor cells expressing the proliferation marker Ki-67 was not decreased, which suggests that the action of ajoene is not explained by a cytostatic effect. To obtain further insight into the mode of action of ajoene, the BCC cell line TE354T and a short-term primary culture of BCC were analyzed for apoptosis induction after treatment with the drug. Apoptosis was detected by morphology of the cells and by flow cytometry. Ajoene induced apoptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner in these cultures. Taking together the results of the in vivo and in vitro studies, we conclude that ajoene can reduce BCC tumor size, mainly by inducing the mitochondria-dependent route of apoptosis.
Archives for Dermatological Research 08/2003; 295(3):117-23. DOI:10.1007/s00403-003-0404-9 · 1.90 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is a technique that offers excellent cure rates in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). One of the reasons for its success is the 100% visualization of the resection margins. Still, recurrences do occur in 2% to 5% of the treated BCCs. It has been suggested that BCC cells in frozen sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) may be missed.
To determine whether an additional immunohistochemical staining with a cytokeratin marker (MNF 116) indicates BCC cells in sections in which the H&E-stained frozen sections were negative.
The Mohs procedure was performed under standard conditions in which H&E-stained slides were judged by the Mohs surgeon and the pathologist. After the H&E slides where judged negative, an extra slide was stained using immunohistochemistry and a monoclonal antibody against cytokeratin (MNF 116).
A total of 143 complete slides were stained and judged by two Mohs surgeons and a pathologist. One of the 143 slides stained with MNF 116 showed positive staining where the H&E slides were negative, which is 0.7% of the slides. However, this single slide represents a failure of nearly 2% of the treated patients.
Frozen sections stained with H&E in MMS offer enough security in detecting BCC cells during surgery; however, adjuvant cytokeratin staining can be useful in very selected cases of aggressive growing BCC.
Dermatologic Surgery 04/2003; 29(4):375-7. DOI:10.1046/j.1524-4725.2003.29089.x · 2.11 Impact Factor