[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite recommendations stemming from the 1930s espousing the value of a living anatomy component in undergraduate medical education, living anatomy remains relatively under described.
In this article, we explore the role of the living anatomy model in living anatomy teaching.
Our report is based on a larger ethnographic study of living anatomy classes, undertaken at Peninsula Medical School between 2002 and 2004. A Research Fellow participated as an observer in 24 Year One and Year Two anatomy classes in which living anatomy models were employed. The findings are based on field notes and conversations with models, students and tutors.
Within the supervised context of the anatomy class the living models assisted students in the learning of structure, function, surface anatomy and body variation. Far from being 'passive sites' for the students to practice their anatomical knowledge, the living models were active participants in class, assisting students with their communication skills, sharing anatomical knowledge, offering guidance to staff and sharing their past medical history and experiences. Living anatomy models can foster an additional dimension of humanitarian thinking within the anatomy class; however, further research needs to focus on the power messages implicit in the organization of sessions.
Medical Teacher 01/2009; 31(3):e90-6. · 1.82 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aims to explore quantitatively and qualitatively students' attitudes towards peer physical examination (PPE) and the influence of demographics on students' willingness to participate in PPE. A total of 296 first-year medical students from two consecutive cohorts at the Peninsula Medical School, UK completed the EFS questionnaire. Quantitative data from the questionnaire were analysed using univariate (i.e. Mann-Whitney and chi-squared tests) and multivariate statistics (i.e. stepwise multiple regression) and qualitative data were analysed using theme analysis. At least 92% of Peninsula Medical School students were willing to examine all 11 body parts (except breast and inguinal regions) of peers of same and opposite gender. Qualitative data support this by highlighting students' positive attitudes towards PPE. PPE was more acceptable within rather than across gender and students generally felt more comfortable examining their peers than being examined by peers. Qualitative data outline the range of student concerns with PPE. Significant relationships existed between students' attitudes towards PPE and various variables: gender, age and religious faith. The findings demonstrate that students may show a greater willingness to participate in PPE than previously thought. Further research is required to explore more fully the barriers to PPE.
Medical Teacher 12/2005; 27(7):599-605. · 1.82 Impact Factor