ABSTRACT: The hepatocellular binucleation rate, measured as the percentage of binuclear cells amongst newly formed bromodeoxyuridine-labelled and immunostained collagenase-isolated rat hepatocytes, decreased from 12% to 4% between days 30 and 40 after birth, rose to 20% between days 50 and 60, and then declined again to the adult rate of about 10% at day 80. During regenerative growth following a two-thirds partial hepatectomy, the rate of binucleation declined to about 3%, causing the fraction of binuclear cells to fall from 27% (before hepactectomy) to 5% (at 45 h after hepactectomy) as pre-existing binuclear cells replicated and formed mononuclear daughter cells. Essentially all (97%) hepatocytes replicated at least once, starting their DNA synthesis at around 13 h and reaching a peak at 30 h, irrespective of ploidy and nuclearity. At later time points, the diploid hepatocytes had a higher labelling index than the polyploid cells, suggesting a greater tendency to go through several cell cycles.
Cell Proliferation 12/1993; 26(6):557-65. · 2.52 Impact Factor