Matías de Albert

Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, l'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Catalonia, Spain

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Publications (5)16.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) can be differentiated in the early stages of the disease (duration of symptoms ≤1 year) on the basis of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of the hand and wrist. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty early RA and 17 early PsA patients with symptomatic involvement of the wrist and hand joints and inconclusive radiographic studies were examined prospectively with contrast-enhanced MRI. Images were evaluated in accordance with the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Clinical Trials recommendations. RESULTS: Certain MRI features, such as the presence of enthesitis or extensive diaphyseal bone marrow edema, were observed exclusively in PsA (P = 0.0001). These distinctive findings were present in nearly 71% (12/17) of PsA patients. Diffuse and, in some cases, pronounced soft-tissue edema spreading to the subcutis was also seen more frequently in patients with PsA (P = 0.002). There were no significant differences in the frequency of synovitis, bone erosions, subchondral bone edema, or tenosynovitis between the 2 groups. However, in RA extensor tendons were involved more often than the flexor tendons, whereas in PsA the opposite was observed (P = 0.014). With respect to the discriminatory power of the different MRI findings examined, only the presence of enthesitis or diaphyseal bone edema and, to a lesser extent, the pattern of hand tendon involvement and the presence of soft-tissue edema accurately differentiated PsA from RA (all these features achieved accuracies greater than 0.70). CONCLUSIONS: We observed significant differences in the MRI findings of the hand and wrist that can help to distinguish between RA and PsA in the early stages of disease. This imaging method could help to assist in the differential diagnostic process in selected patients in whom diagnosis cannot be unequivocally established after conventional clinical, biochemical, and radiographic examinations.
    Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism 05/2012; · 4.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 9-year-old boy presented with a 3-week history of left hip pain. Four weeks prior, the patient had suffered a superficial injury to his abdomen, which required a subcutaneous suture. At admission, he had intermittent fever. He was reluctant to bear weight on his left limb and had gait disturbances. Plain-film pelvic radiographs performed in the emergency room were suspicious for a bone tumor of the left ischium. CT, bone scintigraphy, and MRI examinations were requested to rule out bone tumor.
    03/2010: pages 1-22;
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    ABSTRACT: Early diagnosis and treatment have been recognized as essential for improving clinical outcomes in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. However, diagnosis is somewhat difficult in the early stages of the disease because the diagnostic criteria were developed from data obtained in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis and therefore are not readily applicable. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasingly being used in the assessment of rheumatoid arthritis due to its capacity to help identify the key pathologic features of this disease entity at presentation. MR imaging has demonstrated greater sensitivity for the detection of synovitis and erosions than either clinical examination or conventional radiography and can help establish an early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. It also allows the detection of bone marrow edema, which is thought to be a precursor for the development of erosions in early rheumatoid arthritis as well as a marker of active inflammation. In addition, MR imaging can help differentiate rheumatoid arthritis from some clinical subsets of peripheral spondyloarthropathies by allowing identification of inflammation at the insertions of ligaments and tendons (enthesitis).
    Radiographics 01/2010; 30(1):143-63; discussion 163-5. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the correlation between neurological deficits indicative of compressive myelopathy and MRI findings in a series of patients with RA and symptomatic involvement of the cervical spine. Forty-one consecutive patients with RA were studied using cervical spine MRI. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to identify MRI parameters of cervical spine involvement associated with the development of neurological dysfunction. The mean age of the 41 patients (33 women and 8 men) was 59 yrs (range 23-82 yrs), while the median disease duration was 18 +/- 9 yrs (range 4-40 yrs). According to Ranawat's classification, 17 (42%) patients were in Class I, 21 (51%) in Class II and 3 (7%) in Class III. Thus, patients with clinical manifestations of compressive myelopathy (Ranawat's Class II + III) represented 58% (24/41) of all cases. Among the different MRI parameters of cervical spine involvement analysed, only the presence of atlantoaxial spinal canal stenosis [odds ratio (OR) 4.55; 95% CI 1.14-18.15], atlantoaxial cervical cord compression (OR 9.6; 95% CI 1.08-85.16) and subaxial myelopathy changes (OR 11.43; 95% CI 1.3-100.81) were associated with a significantly increased risk for neurological dysfunction (Ranawat's Class II or III). In RA patients with symptomatic cervical spine involvement, there is a strong correlation between the development of neurological dysfunction and MRI identification of atlantoaxial spinal canal stenosis, especially in those cases with evidence of upper cervical cord or brainstem compression and subaxial myelopathy changes.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 11/2008; 47(12):1814-9. · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the frequency and clinical significance of bone marrow edema (BME) in a series of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and symptomatic involvement of the cervical spine. We studied 19 consecutive RA patients with cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) according to a specifically designed protocol that included short inversion time inversion recovery sequences. All cases had neck pain unresponsive to conventional treatment, neurological symptoms, or signs suggestive of cervical myelopathy, or cervical pain with evidence of atlantoaxial subluxation on radiographs. The mean age of the 19 patients (15 women and 4 men) at time of the study was 59 +/- 12 years (range, 23-82) and the median disease duration was 14 +/- 7.4 years (range, 4-30). BME was observed in 74% (14/19) of the patients: at the atlantoaxial level alone in 16% of the patients; subaxially alone in 16%; and at both levels in 42% of the patients. At the atlantoaxial level, BME was usually observed involving the odontoid process, whereas subaxially BME was limited to the vertebral plates and the interapophyseal joints. Patients with BME had higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) values at the time of MRI examination (P = 0.014) and more severe atlantoaxial joint MRI synovitis scores (P = 0.05) compared with the remaining patients; the frequency of odontoid erosions was also greater in this group, but the difference did not reach statistical significance. Altogether, these data suggest a more severe inflammatory response in these patients. In this group a significant correlation was found between BME scores at atlantoaxial level and (1) ESR values (r = 0.854; P = 0.001) and (2) atlantoaxial joint MRI synovitis scores (r = 0.691; P = 0.001). BME is frequently observed in patients with established RA and symptomatic cervical spine involvement. Both atlantoaxial and subaxial levels are equally affected. The presence of BME seems related to the intensity of the inflammatory response and to the severity of the atlantoaxial joint synovitis.
    Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism 04/2008; 38(4):281-8. · 4.72 Impact Factor