[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to assess perinatal outcome of pregnancy burdened with maternal addiction in comparison with an unselected population from a European transition country.
Data on pregnancies complicated by illicit drug abuse (n = 85) managed during a 10-year period (1997-2007) at Split University Hospital were analyzed. Data on the type of drug, course of gestation and labor, and on perinatal outcome were considered. Data on all non-dependence pregnancies recorded during the study period were used as a control group.
During the study period, there were 85 dependence-complicated pregnancies (0.2%). Use of heroin alone during pregnancy was recorded in 51 women (50%), methadone alone in 6 (7%), and a combination of heroin and methadone in 9 (11%). Premature delivery was significantly more common in the group of pregnant addicts (21% vs. 6%); 49% of pregnant addicts were carriers of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 14% of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Neonatal abstinence syndrome developed in 61 infants (7%) born to addicted mothers. There were 4 cases (4.6%) of early neonatal death; 7 neonates had 5-minute Apgar score < or = 7 (8%); 29 neonates had low birth weight for age (33%); and 7 neonates had congenital anomalies (8%). The risk of various congenital anomalies was 3-fold in the group of children born to addicted mothers.
Addiction pregnancies present a small but high-risk group according to perinatal outcome. Appropriate obstetric and neonatal care can reduce the rate of complications in these pregnancies and improve perinatal outcome.
Yonsei Medical Journal 10/2008; 49(5):705-13. · 1.31 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are conflicting data about gender differences in short-term mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after adjusting for age and other prognostic factors. Therefore, we investigated the risk profile, clinical presentation, in-hospital mortality and mechanisms of death in women and men after the first AMI.
The data were obtained from a chart review of 3382 consecutive patients, 1184 (35%) women (69.7+/-10.9 years) and 2198 (65%) men (63.5+/-11.8 years) with a first AMI. The effect of gender and its interaction with age, risk factors and thrombolytic therapy on overall mortality and mechanisms of death were examined using logistic regression.
Unadjusted in-hospital mortality was higher in women (OR 1.77, 95% CI 1.47-2.15). Adjustment that included both age only and age and other baseline differences (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, AMI type, AMI site, mean peak CK value, thrombolytic therapy) decreased the magnitude of the relative risk of women to men but did not eliminate it (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.03-1.54 and OR 1.31 95% CI 1.03-1.66, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that female gender was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality after the first AMI. Women were dying more often because of mechanical complications - refractory pulmonary edema and cardiogenic shock (P=0.02) or electromechanical dissociation (P=0.03), and men were dying mostly by arrhythmic death, primary ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (P=0.002). Female gender was independently associated with mechanical death (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.35-2.58; P=0.01) and anterior AMI was independently associated with arrhythmic death (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.34-0.86; P=0.01).
Our results demonstrate significant differences in mechanisms of in-hospital death after the first AMI in women and men, suggesting the possibility that higher in-hospital mortality in women exists primarily because of the postponing AMI death due to the gender-related differences in susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias following acute coronary events.
Annals of Saudi medicine 01/2006; 26(6):455-60. · 1.10 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common pregnancy disorder. It is the result of inadequate insulin resistance regulation,
a biological phenomenon usually accepted as a fact of unknown purpose. The regulation of insulin resistance, changes in the
dynamics of quantitative and qualitative parameters of fetal growth, the onset of active fetal insulin secretion and clinical
manifestation of GDM are too harmonized throughout pregnancy to be accidental. It is hypothesized that the origin of GDM,
at least partially, might be explained by dissonance between the rapid lifestyle changes in the last decades/centuries and
the Mother Nature inability to reprogram the physiologic processes, acquired long ago within such a ‘short time’.
KeywordsGestational diabetes mellitus–Insulin resistance–Human placental lactogen
Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 4(2):153-154.