Luigi De Cicco

Azienda ospedaliera di Busto Arsizio, Ansizio, Lombardy, Italy

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Publications (7)8.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In 2013, a survey was conducted to analyze the available resources and their use in the radiation treatment of patients with malignancies of the head and neck region in Lombardy, on behalf of the Lombardy group of the Italian Association of Radiation Oncology. A questionnaire was sent to 26 of 34 radiotherapy centers active in the region. Two centers were excluded because they did not treat head and neck cancers (Besta Neurological Institute and Cyberknife center), 4 had started their activity in 2013 or late 2012, and 2 satellite centers had their results included in the main center's response. Items investigated included number of patients with head and neck cancer treated in 2012, general technical issues, and integration with surgery and chemotherapy. Twenty-four questionnaires were returned (92% response rate). There was a good consistency on the use of radiotherapy in different settings, whereas integration with chemotherapy showed more heterogeneous data. Treatment techniques were 3D conformal radiotherapy or intensity-modulated radiotherapy with image-guided radiotherapy in most cases and a low rate of treatment-related death was observed. This survey provides important data on the use of radiotherapy resources for patients with head and neck cancer in Lombardy. The data offer the opportunity to further investigate issues that could better standardize head and neck cancer treatment and allocate resources across the region.
    05/2015; DOI:10.5301/tj.5000359
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose We report the experience of the Radiation Oncology Department of the European Institute of Oncology in Milan, Italy, on the adjuvant low-dose-rate (LDR) and high-dose-rate (HDR) interstitial brachytherapy. Brachytherapy might be useful to improve keloids recurrence rate or reduce keloids treatment side effects instead of external beam radiotherapy. Methods and Materials Data on 70 consecutive patients treated after complete keloid surgical excision were retrospectively analyzed. First 38 patients and 46 keloids were treated with adjuvant LDR brachytherapy and the following 39 patients and 50 keloids underwent HDR treatment. Median delivered dose of LDR therapy was 16 Gy; HDR median dose was 12 Gy. Sixty-four keloids (66.7%) were symptomatic at diagnosis with pain, itching, or stress. Results Fourteen relapses over 46 treated keloids (30.4%) were observed in the LDR group and 19 of 50 keloids (38%) in the HDR group (p = 0.521). Recurrence rate was significantly higher in males (p = 0.009), in patients younger than 44 years (p < 0.0001), for arms, neck, and chest wall anatomic sites (p = 0.0001) and for symptomatic keloids (p = 0.017). Aesthetic outcome was better in case of larger keloids (>8 cm) (p = 0.064). Symptomatic relief was achieved in 92% of HDR patients and only 68% of LDR patients (p = 0.032). Conclusions Postoperative brachytherapy is an effective treatment for keloids. In our study, LDR and HDR treatments resulted in similar recurrence rate. Better symptomatic relief was reported in case of HDR treatment compared with the LDR regimen.
    Brachytherapy 09/2014; 13(5). DOI:10.1016/j.brachy.2014.01.005 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Technological advances in treatment planning and execution are providing new potential opportunities in the treatment of recurrent prostate cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and safety of reirradiation with image-guided radiosurgery using CyberKnife, a robotic arm-driven compact linear accelerator, for intraprostatic recurrence after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Between September 2007 and May 2008, 6 patients diagnosed with locally recurrent prostate cancer after EBRT were treated using the CyberKnife system. The total reirradiation dose was 30 Gy in five fractions. Prior to radiosurgery four patients were treated with androgen-deprivation therapy. Radiation Therapy Oncology Group/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer criteria and the Houston-Phoenix definition (PSA nadir + 2 ng/mL) were used for toxicity and biochemical failure evaluation, respectively. After a median follow-up of 11.2 months (range, 9.6-18.6 months), all patients are alive with no evidence of severe urinary or rectal acute morbidity. Local control cannot be exactly determined due to the short follow-up and the bias of the use of androgen ablation. Four patients had biochemical failure, three of them with clinical failure evidence (lymph node, bone and lung metastasis, respectively): none of these patients had clinical evidence of tumor persistence in the prostate. Salvage radiosurgery with CyberKnife after irradiation is feasible with low urinary and rectal morbidity. A longer follow-up and a larger number of patients are necessary to evaluate its effectiveness and optimal patient selection criteria.
    Tumori 01/2010; 96(1):71-5. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary orbital lymphoma is a rare disease that accounts for 10% of all orbital tumors. Radiotherapy on the orbital cavity is the treatment of choice for this unusual presentation of localized non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The aim of this study is to retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness and the toxicity of radiation treatment in patients with primary orbital lymphoma. Forty-seven consecutive patients having primary orbital lymphoma treated in our department between May 1983 and September 2006 were investigated in a retrospective study. Either 60Co gamma rays or 6 MV X rays were used to deliver daily fractions of 1.8 or 2.0 Gy, 5 times/week, with total doses ranging from 34.2 to 50 Gy. Forty-three patients had stage IE, three had stage II and one stage IV disease. Thirty-eight patients had marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, 5 diffuse large B cell lymphoma, 3 mantle cell lymphoma and 1 Burkitt lymphoma. Local control (LC), disease free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS) and late side effects were evaluated in all patients. With a median follow up of 45 months, LC was obtained in 100% of patients. The estimated 5- and 7-year DFS rates were 75.8% and 55.3%, and the 5- and 7-year OS rates were 88.7% and 79.9% respectively. Acute toxicity was minimal. Late toxicity such as cataract, keratitis, retinopathy and xerophthalmia occurred respectively in 12 (25.5%), 5 (10.6%), 1 (2.1%), and 9 (19.1%) patients. Radiotherapy is an effective and at the same time well tolerated treatment for primary orbital lymphoma.
    Radiation Oncology 12/2009; 4:60. DOI:10.1186/1748-717X-4-60 · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a two-phase test performed to assess the ability of the ultrasound-based B-mode acquisition and targeting (BAT) trans-abdominal system to identify non-dedicated fiducial markers implanted into the prostate gland for subsequent image-guided radiotherapy. Although further investigation is warranted in order to identify the optimal echogenic marker and to define its potential use for image-guided radiotherapy in prostate cancer patients, we demonstrate the feasibility of the BAT system for the visualization of non-ultrasound-dedicated markers.
    ecancermedicalscience 05/2009; 3:143. DOI:10.3332/ecancer.2009.143 · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an uncommon aggressive neuroendocrine skin carcinoma. It usually affects sun-exposed skin of white elderly people. MCC is characterized by a high incidence of early locoregional relapse and distant metastases. Because of its rarity and the resulting lack of prospective randomized trials, data regarding the optimal treatment of MCC are limited. Despite aggressive multimodality treatment, the prognosis of patients bearing MCC is often poor. We report three cases of lymph node metastases of MCC with unknown primary sites. Two patients died 17 and 28 months after diagnosis due to brain and pancreatic metastases, respectively, without evidence of cutaneous disease. The third patient is alive and free of tumor at 16 months from the diagnosis. After an accurate diagnosis of lymph node metastases from MCC, the absence of a primary tumor at complete initial evaluation and during adequate follow-up can confirm this particular clinical scenario. The prognosis seems to be analogous to that of cases with similar disease stage (lymph node involvement) but a known primary site.
    Tumori 01/2008; 94(5):758-61. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: No standard treatment exists for locally relapsed prostate cancer after primary external beam radiotherapy with no evidence of distant metastases. Radical prostatectomy, brachytherapy, cryotherapy and high-intensity focused ultrasound are currently used as local salvage treatments. Data on the safety and effectiveness of high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy in this scenario are limited. We report on a patient who has no evidence of disease and no late urinary or gastrointestinal toxicity 33 months after receiving HDR treatment for recurrent prostate cancer.
    Tumori 95(4):553-6. · 1.09 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

38 Citations
8.82 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Azienda ospedaliera di Busto Arsizio
      Ansizio, Lombardy, Italy
  • 2009–2010
    • IEO - Istituto Europeo di Oncologia
      • Division of Radiotherapy
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 2008–2009
    • University of Naples Federico II
      Napoli, Campania, Italy