ABSTRACT: Multinodular splenomegaly is a rare form of extrathoracic sarcoidosis. It may be the presenting feature of the disease. It poses problems of differential diagnosis, in particular with lymphoma, tuberculosis and other granulomatous diseases. In the absence of typical associated lesions, particularly thoracic, histological roof is essential.
We report the case of a 55-year-old caucasian woman with multinodular pseudotumoural splenomegaly, associated with some small mediastinal lymph nodes and some non-specific parenchymatous pulmonary nodules. The diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made on the basis of splenectomy after eliminating other causes of granulomatosis.
This case report describes a rare presentation of sarcoidosis and discusses the differential diagnosis of multinodular splenomegaly. It underlines the necessity of an exhaustive aetiological investigation of splenic granulomatosis as the diagnosis of sarcoidosis remains one of elimination.
Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 05/2010; 27(5):515-9. · 0.59 Impact Factor