[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The reaction of fused ring aziridines, 3-oxa-1-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexan-2-ones, with amine nucleophiles can provide either an aminomethyl oxazolidinone or an aziridinyl urea. The amine, reaction solvent, and aziridine substitution have been examined with the aid of computational studies to identify reaction conditions that provide a single product. Polar solvents provided only the aminomethyl oxazolidinone products. Formation of aziridinyl ureas required control of aziridine substitution, solvent, and reactant stoichiometry.
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have synthesized and tested a series of novel 3,4,5-tri- and 4,5-disubstituted oxazolidinones for their ability to bind two structurally related T box antiterminator model RNAs. We have found that optimal binding selectivity is found in a small group of 4,5-disubstituted oxazolidinones.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have found that aziridines will react with a variety of π-nucleophiles in intramolecular cyclization reactions to produce nitrogen containing core structures found in a variety of bioactive molecules. These cyclizations are more general and facile than corresponding intermolecular reactions. We have examined the effects of ring size, π-nucleophile identity and substitution on this reaction.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are many examples of both naturally occurring and synthetic molecules containing a 2-oxazolidinone ring that have significant biological activity. The oxazolidinone ring potentially has three sites for attachment of diversity elements. A synthesis that can provide for inclusion of diversity elements at all three positions should be a powerful method for the preparation of oxazolidinone libraries. In this paper we present the preparation of a 3 x 3 x 3 array yielding 27 different products with minimal workup, high yields, and, most importantly, high purity. Using an intramolecular acylnitrene-mediated aziridination reaction, we have prepared (triphenylmethoxymethyl)-3-oxa-1-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexan-2-one as a starting material for library generation. The first substitution involves opening the aziridine ring of the azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexane ring system using a Grignard reagent. The nitrogen of the oxazolidinone is now ready for substitution via alkylation or arylation. Removing the trityl protecting group via esterification under mildly acidic conditions accomplishes the final substitution.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have developed two convenient methods for hydrolysis of 2-oxazolidinones to the corresponding vicinal aminoalcohols. N-Substituted oxazolidinones can be readily hydrolyzed using Dowex 1×8-100 resin. N-Unsubstituted oxazolidinones cannot be hydrolyzed using Dowex resins but are effectively hydrolyzed using polymer supported ethylenediamine.