[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Currently the relationship between the evaluation of the donor chest radiograph and the final disposition of potential donor lungs is unknown, yet potential lung donors receive frequent x-rays. We sought to clarify the role donor chest radiographs and donor lung acceptability.
We conducted a retrospective review of 84 potential organ donors. Radiographs were reviewed separately by three thoracic surgeons and three pulmonologists and either accepted or rejected with no other information. Data was analyzed by Kappa statistic to judge inter-observer variance and it was compared to actual outcome to determine predictive value.
The Kappa statistics for observer agreement was 0.149 among the surgeons, 0.510 among the pulmonologists, and 0.336 overall, representing slight, moderate and fair agreement respectively. The reviewers' decisions to accept or reject a lung concurred with the actual clinical outcome 64.2% of the time. The positive predictive value of an accept decision was found to be 78.3% and the negative predictive value of a reject decision was 36.3%.
This study suggests that evaluation of the donor chest x-ray is a highly subjective process and demonstrated the limited role the radiograph presently holds in the determination of organ suitability.
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 05/2003; 23(4):484-7. DOI:10.1016/S1010-7940(03)00016-2 · 3.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Esophageal adenocarcinoma in patients 45 years of age or younger is uncommon. We reviewed our experience with the surgical management of these patients to determine their clinical characteristics, pathologic findings, and treatment results. Thirty-two patients were identified through our surgical pathology database, and their medical records were reviewed to determine clinical characteristics, treatment, treatment-associated mortality, tumor staging, presence of Barrett's mucosa, and survival. In our series, patients were white (100%) males (96.9%) with a history of reflux (56.3%), cigarette smoking (40.6%), and alcohol consumption (59.4%), who presented with progressive solid food dysphagia (78.1%). A prior diagnosis of Barrett's mucosa or use of antireflux medications was noted in five patients each (15.6%). There were no operative deaths. Actuarial survival was 81.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 66.1 to 96.2) at 12 months, 68.5% (95% CI 49.5 to 87.5) at 24 months, and 56.9% (95% CI 34.6 to 79.1) at 60 months. Our findings show that patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma 45 years of age or younger have similar clinical findings to those reported in other large series where the median age is in the sixth or seventh decade of life, supporting a uniform theory of tumor pathogenesis. Esophagectomy may be performed with low mortality, and survival is reasonable for early-stage disease. Young patients with Barrett's esophagus are not immune from the development of adenocarcinoma and need to be screened accordingly.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 01/2001; 5(6):620-5. DOI:10.1016/S1091-255X(01)80104-9 · 2.80 Impact Factor