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ABSTRACT: Biosorption using microbial cells as adsorbents is being seen as a cost-effective method for the removal of heavy metals from wastewaters. Biosorption studies with Phanerochaete chrysosporium were performed for copper (II), lead (II), and cadmium (II) to evaluate the effectiveness and to optimize the operational parameters using response surface methodology. The operational parameters chosen were initial metal ion concentration, pH, and biosorbent dosage. Using this method, the metal removal could be correlated to the operational parameters, and their values were optimized. The results showed fairly high adsorptive capacities for all the metals within the settings of the operational parameters. The removal efficiencies followed the order Pb > Cu > Cd. As a general trend, metal removal efficiency decreased as the initial metal ion concentration increased, and the results fitted the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms well.
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 102-103(1-6):227-37. · 1.89 Impact Factor