Yuko Ogawa

Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

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Publications (2)1.62 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The EtOAc soluble constituents of the unripe fruits of Ginkgo biloba showed motility inhibition followed by lysis of zoospores of the phytopathogenic Aphanomyces cochlioides. We purified 22:1-omega7-anacardic acid (1), 24:1-omega9-anacardic acid (2) and 22:0-anacardic acid (3), together with other related compounds, 21:1-omega7-cardol (4) and 21:1-omega7-cardanol (5) from the crude extracts of Ginkgo fruits. Amongst them, compound 1 was a major active agent in quality and quantity, and showed potent motility inhibition (98% in 30 min) followed by lysis (55% in 3 h) of the zoospores at 1 x 10(-7) M. The 2-O-methyl derivative (1-c) of 1 displayed antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, but practically inactive to Escherichia coli. A brief study on structure-activity relationships revealed that a carboxyl group on the aromatic ring and an unsaturated side chain in the anacardic acid derivative are important for strong motility inhibitory and lytic activities against the zoospore.
    Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung C 09/2002; 57(9-10):874-82. DOI:10.1515/znc-2002-9-1020 · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A bioassay-guided survey of spinach leaf constituents resulted in 5,4'-dihydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-6,7-methylenedioxyflavone being identified as the third naturally-occurring attractant in the host plant toward the zoospores of its pathogen, Aphanomyces cochlioides. The isolate showed attracting activity around Chromosorb W AW particles (60-80 mesh) coated with a 10(-5) M solution in a zoospore suspension. However, this activity was 1/100-1/1000 less than that of cochliophilin A, an attractant in the roots of spinach. Bioassays with the present isolate and related compounds revealed that 5,3',4'-trihydroxy-3-methoxy-6,7-methylenedioxyflavone did not possess attractant activity, but rather weak antagonistic activity toward the former two attractants from spinach.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 09/2001; 65(8):1755-60. DOI:10.1271/bbb.65.1755 · 1.06 Impact Factor