ABSTRACT: Immunocytochemical localization was carried out for five isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC) in the cat retina. In common with other mammalian species, PKCalpha was found in rod bipolar cells. Staining was also seen in a small population of cone bipolar cells with axon terminals ramifying near the middle of the inner plexiform layer (IPL). PKCbetaI was localized to rod bipolar cells, one class of cone bipolar cell, and numerous amacrine and displaced amacrine cells. Staining for PKCbetaI was seen in three types of cone bipolar cells as well as in amacrine and ganglion cells. Immunoreactivity for both PKCepsilon and PKCzeta was found in rod bipolar cells; PKCepsilon was also seen in a population of cone bipolar cells and a few amacrine and ganglion cells whereas PKCzeta was found in all ganglion cells. Double-label immunofluorescence studies showed that dendrites of the two PKCbetaII-positive OFF-cone bipolar cells exhibit immmunoreactivity for the kainate-selective glutamate receptor GluR5. The third PKCbetaII cone bipolar is an ON-type cell and did not stain for GluR5. The retinal distribution of these isoforms of PKC is consistent with a role in modulation of various aspects of neurotransmission including synaptic vesicle release and regulation of receptor molecules.
Visual Neuroscience 19(5):549-62. · 2.23 Impact Factor