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ABSTRACT: DNA binding compounds, such as benzo[e] (BePI) and benzo[g] pyridoindole (BgPI) derivatives, exhibit preferential stabilization of triple helices. We report here the synthesis of a series of pyrimidine triple-helix-forming oligo-2'-deoxyribonucleotides conjugated with these molecules. BePI was coupled to the 5-position of 2'-deoxyuridine via two linkers of different sizes attached to its 11-position and placed at either the 5'-end, inside the sequence, or at both the 5'-end and the internal positions using periodate oxidation of a diol-containing oligonucleotide followed by reductive coupling with amino-linked BePI. The same BePI derivatives were also linked to the oligonucleotide chain via internucleotidic phosphorothiolate or phosphoramidate linkages. A mixture of diastereoisomers was prepared as well as separate pure Rp and Sp isomers. A BePI derivative, with two different linkers attached to its 3-position, and BgPI derivatives were also linked to the 5-position of a 2'-deoxyuridine located at either the 5'-end or inside the sequence, as well as to the beta- anomeric position of an additional 2'- deoxyribose placed inside the sequence. The binding properties of these oligonucleotide-benzopyridoindoles conjugates with their double-stranded DNA target was studied by absorption spectroscopy.
Bioconjugate Chemistry 12/2002; 14(1):120-35. · 4.58 Impact Factor