[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Accurate measurement of low levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo) in DNA is hampered by the ease with which guanine is oxidized during preparation of DNA for analysis. ESCODD, a consortium of mainly European laboratories, has attempted to minimize this artifact and to provide standard, reliable protocols for sample preparation and analysis. ESCODD has now analyzed 8-oxodGuo in the DNA of lymphocytes isolated from venous blood from healthy young male volunteers in several European countries. Two approaches were used. Analysis of 8-oxodGuo by HPLC with electrochemical detection was performed on lymphocytes from 10 groups of volunteers, in eight countries. The alternative enzymic approach was based on digestion of DNA with formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (FPG) to convert 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoGua) to apurinic sites, subsequently measured as DNA breaks using the comet assay (7 groups of volunteers, in six countries). The median concentration of 8-oxodGuo in lymphocyte DNA, calculated from the mean values of each group of subjects as determined by HPLC, was 4.24 per 10(6) guanines. The median concentration of FPG-sensitive sites, measured with the comet assay, was 0.34 per 10(6) guanines. Identical samples of HeLa cells were supplied to all participants as a reference standard. The median values for 8-oxodGuo in HeLa cells were 2.78 per 10(6) guanines (by HPLC) and 0.50 per 10(6) guanines (by enzymic methods). The discrepancy between chromatographic and FPG-based approaches may reflect overestimation by HPLC (if spurious oxidation is still not completely controlled) or underestimation by the enzymic method. Meanwhile, it is clear that the true background level of base oxidation in DNA is orders of magnitude lower than has often been claimed in the past.
The FASEB Journal 02/2005; 19(1):82-4. · 5.70 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A simple procedure for the voltammetric detection of the DNA damage and antioxidants protecting DNA from its damage using a disposable electrochemical DNA biosensor is reported. The carbon-based screen-printed electrode (SPE) modified by a surface layer of the calf thymus double stranded (ds) DNA was used as a working electrode in combination with a silver/silver chloride reference electrode and a separate platinum auxiliary electrode. The [Co(phen)(3)](3+) ion served as the dsDNA redox marker and the [Cu(phen)(2)](2+) and [Fe(EDTA)](-) complex compounds were used as the DNA cleavage agents under the reduction by a chemical reductant (ascorbic acid). Four yeast polysaccharides with different chemical structure were investigated as the antioxidants within the concentration range of 0.05-4 mg ml(-1) in the cleavage mixture. A remarkable antioxidative activity of polysaccharides in order mannan (Candida krusei)>extracellular glucomannan (Candida utilis)>mannan (Candida albicans)>glucomannan (C. utilis) was found which is in agreement with that refered to trolox (a structural derivative of alpha-tocopherol) and determined by photochemiluminescent method.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The antioxidative activity and antimutagenic effects of the water-soluble beta-(1-3)-D-glucan derivatives from biotechnologically important species, in particular carboxymethyl-glucan (CM-G) and sulfoethyl-glucan (SE-G) both from the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and carboxymethyl-chitin-glucan (CM-CG) from filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger, were evaluated. The luminol-dependent photochemical method using trolox as a standard showed that CM-CG, SE-G and CM-G possessed high antioxidative properties. CM-CG exhibited the highest antioxidative activity (2.15 +/- 0.14 nmol exhibits the same activity as 1 nmol of trolox), followed by SE-G (2.99 +/- 0.15 nmol) and CM-G (4.59 +/- 0.14 nmol). These glucans were experimentally confirmed to exhibit different, statistically significant activity in reducing the damage of chloroplast DNA of the flagellate Euglena gracilis induced by ofloxacin and acridine orange. Our findings suggest that the antimutagenic effect of CM-CG, SE-G and CM-G against ofloxacin is based on their antioxidative capability to scavenge reactive oxygen species (p < 0.001). As far as acridine orange is concerned, the reduction of the chloroplast DNA lesion could be a result of the absorptive capacity of the glucans (p < 0.001). We found out that the water-soluble beta-(1-3)-D-glucan derivatives possess very high antioxidative activity as well as expressive antimutagenic effects, exerted through different mode of action.
Anticancer research 23(3B):2751-6. · 1.71 Impact Factor