Mary Knudtson

University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States

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Publications (6)8.74 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose/Aim: The purpose of our proposal was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obese preschool children, the relationship between mother and child weight status, food security and acculturation status in a early education program in a Southern California school district. Rationale/Conceptual Basis/Background: Ethnic minorities, especially Latino children, are at an increased risk for obesity. According to the CDC (2006), children of Mexican descent are more often overweight than other children. Some recent studies have attempted to understand the complexities of obesity in this Latino subgroup in an effort to better tailor interventions (Snethen, Hewitt and Petering, 2007; Gomel & Zamora, 2007; Hernandez-Valero et al. 2007; Matheson et al. 2006). Monies are increasingly available to support child obesity interventions for families, school and communities but it is important to discover the key ingredients necessary to effect change. The study used the Social-Ecological Model as a theoretical foundation for the study. This model guided us in examining the many influences on individual eating behavior, such as interpersonal, organizational, community and societal influences. Methods: Parents with a preschool aged child enrolled in the Newport Mesa Unified School District were invited to participate in our study. Participants' heights and weights (parents and children) were recorded for calculation of BMI. Parents (mostly mothers) were then asked to complete a survey with a variety of instruments related to acculturation and nutrition. Results: Ninety-two parents participated in the study. Ninety-seven percent were Latino and female. Eighty-one percent were born in Mexico. Seventy-eight percent of the mothers and almost half (45%) of the children were overweight or obese. There was no significant association between parent and child BMI. As mothers had a greater acculturation to the non-Hispanic domain, children's weight status significantly increased (r = .23, p
    2012 Western Institute of Nursing Annual Communicating Nursing Research Conference; 04/2011
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    Mary Knudtson · Susan Tiso · Susanne Phillips
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    ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most commonly sexually transmitted infection in the United States. This article gives an overview and discussion of HPV virus types and transmission, and the quadrivalent vaccine now available to protect against it. Included are the nursing implications for the HPV vaccine related to education and counseling of parents, patients, and young adult women regarding HPV vaccination, for whom the vaccine is indicated.
    Nursing Clinics of North America 10/2009; 44(3):293-9. DOI:10.1016/j.cnur.2009.06.005 · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dietary fiber intake provides many health benefits. However, average fiber intakes for US children and adults are less than half of the recommended levels. Individuals with high intakes of dietary fiber appear to be at significantly lower risk for developing coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and certain gastrointestinal diseases. Increasing fiber intake lowers blood pressure and serum cholesterol levels. Increased intake of soluble fiber improves glycemia and insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic and diabetic individuals. Fiber supplementation in obese individuals significantly enhances weight loss. Increased fiber intake benefits a number of gastrointestinal disorders including the following: gastroesophageal reflux disease, duodenal ulcer, diverticulitis, constipation, and hemorrhoids. Prebiotic fibers appear to enhance immune function. Dietary fiber intake provides similar benefits for children as for adults. The recommended dietary fiber intakes for children and adults are 14 g/1000 kcal. More effective communication and consumer education is required to enhance fiber consumption from foods or supplements.
    Nutrition Reviews 05/2009; 67(4):188-205. DOI:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00189.x · 5.54 Impact Factor
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    Barbara Yawn · Mary Knudtson
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    ABSTRACT: Women with severe or uncontrolled asthma are at higher risk for pregnancy complications and adverse fetal outcomes than women with well-controlled asthma. Recent evidence-based guidelines have concluded that it is safer for pregnant women with asthma to be treated pharmacologically than to continue to have asthma symptoms and exacerbations. According to the Asthma and Pregnancy Working Group (APWG) of the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program, optimal treatment of asthma during pregnancy includes treatment of comorbid allergic rhinitis (AR), which can trigger or aggravate asthma symptoms. In general, treatment of both asthma and AR during pregnancy should follow the same stepwise approach that is used in the general population. This article presents the specific recommendations from the most recent APWG report and from other systematic reviews about which asthma and allergic rhinitis drugs should be preferred during pregnancy. Of the corticosteroids, budesonide has the most data and is listed as Pregnancy Category B (no evidence of risk in humans). Other inhaled and intranasal corticosteroids have less data and are listed as Pregnancy Category C but may be continued during pregnancy if the patient's asthma was well controlled with the medication before pregnancy. Family physicians should help their patients control allergic rhinitis and asthma during pregnancy, encouraging adherence to needed medications.
    The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine 05/2007; 20(3):289-98. DOI:10.3122/jabfm.2007.03.060144 · 1.85 Impact Factor
  • Mary Knudtson
    Advance for nurse practitioners 05/2006; 14(4):57-60.
  • Mary Knudtson
    Nephrology nursing journal: journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association 32(1):85. · 0.77 Impact Factor