J R Hove

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, United States

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Publications (6)5.5 Total impact

  • R M Littleton, J R Hove
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    ABSTRACT: With a modern rise in the use of traditional medicines has come a need for model organisms that are amenable not only to treatment with these remedies, but also to testing the large number of potential therapeutics this field presents. The high-fecundity and rapid generation time of the zebrafish makes it a natural candidate for this endeavor. Additionaly, the zebrafish shares genetic, anatomic and physiologic homology to higher order vertebrates. This review surveys the present state of phytotherapy research utilizing the zebrafish model organism. The studies herein described utilize the zebrafish for investigating plant-based effectors of hypercholesterolemia, angiogenesis, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. In addition to reviewing the present state of research in this area, the philosophical intersection of modern and traditional medical paradigms is discussed and future directions for investigations at this junction are suggested.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 11/2012; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zebrafish lymphatics have been shown to share a number of characteristics with their human counterparts, making the fish a potentially useful model for studying lymphatic development and disease. The utility of the zebrafish lymphatic model would be substantially enhanced by an improved understanding of the spatiotemporal development of the primary lymphatic vasculature. The goal of this project is to identify and map the major zebrafish lymphatic structures throughout embryonic to early juvenile stages of development. Two transgenic lines, kdr-1:RASmCherryxfli1:GFP and stabilin1:YFP, were recently derived to assist in the study of developing lymphatic vasculature, but their specificity has not been rigorously tested. In the course of the present study, we experimentally validate the utility of these two marker lines as potential tools for establishing lymphatic vascular identity and visualizing developmental lymphangiogenesis. We introduced twenty nanometer red florescent microspheres into the blood vasculature of flil:GFP zebrafish and collected tiled optical z-sections at time intervals spanning early development. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the vasculature were used to differentiate between blood and lymphatic vessels. Age-matched injected embryos were compared to the two transgenic lines to further assess their specificity. We created a spatiotemporal map of the major lymphatic vessels in the developing zebrafish including a previously unidentified lymphatic vessel in the gastrointestinal tract. We conclude that the kdr-1:RASmCherryxfli1:GFP line accurately identifies developing lymphatic vessels with the exception of those associated with the gastrointestinal tract. The stabilin1:YFP line, however, is less reliable, as it marks both venous vessels and lymphatic vessels.
    Lymphology 03/2011; 44(1):1-12. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been proposed that the analysis of heart rate in zebrafish embryos can be used to assess the potential effects of compounds on hERG. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of compounds on the heart rate and atrioventricular dissociation in zebrafish. The compounds investigated were chosen based on the association or lack of association with QTc prolongation in the clinic. Three-day-old embryos were incubated in buffered embryo medium. On the day of the study, fish were placed in a petri dish containing 5.0 mL of embryo medium and 125 mg/L MS-222 anesthetic. Drugs to be tested were added to the medium from a stock solution to achieve the desired target concentration. Ten fish were incubated in each concentration of drug for 80 min. Beat rates of the atrium and ventricle were recorded after the incubation by counting beats of the respective chambers using standard brightfield stereomicroscopy. All of the compounds associated with QT prolongation induced dissociation between the atrium and ventricular rates except D,L-sotalol and procainamide. The concentrations that induced dissociation tended to be higher than the hERG IC50. None of the negative control compounds caused atrioventricular dissociation at clinically efficacious concentrations. In conclusion, the present data demonstrate that zebrafish can be utilized to assess the effects of chemicals on hERG. However, the practical use of this assay may be difficult because of the high concentrations that must be reached to see those pharmacological effects.
    Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 01/2008; 57(2):100-5. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The zebrafish (Danio rerio) has emerged as one of the primary experimental models of developmental cardiovascular research. Recent progress in flow visualization techniques along with the existing genetic map of the species has made zebrafish amenable to a variety of experiments relating cardiac developmental structure and function. One essential tool in establishing the proper functioning of the heart is the electrocardiogram (ECG). This study presents a methodology whereby the ECGs of embryonic zebrafish could be used in assessing the electrophysiological consequences of genetically-, mechanically-, or pharmacokinetically-induced cardiac perturbations. Five day post-fertilization (dpf) embryos produced repeating bimodal ECGs with clearly distinguished atrial (P) and ventricular (R) depolarization waves. P-R intervals along with P-P intervals are cited.
    Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 02/2004; 5:3615-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV) is an extremely powerful technique for quantitative flow measurements. In order to perform hemodynamic measurements in embryonic hearts, DPIV analysis was performed on both Zebrafish (Danio rerio) and Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) embryos. A protocol for performing DPIV at the microscale with microscopy and high-speed imaging is presented. Results show the presence of vortices and jets at low Reynolds numbers implying a high shear on vessel walls, and suggest that hemodynamics may play an important role in future heart development studies.
    Engineering in Medicine and Biology, 2002. 24th Annual Conference and the Annual Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society EMBS/BMES Conference, 2002. Proceedings of the Second Joint; 02/2002
  • J. R. HOVE

Publication Stats

40 Citations
5.50 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2012
    • University of Cincinnati
      • Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology
      Cincinnati, OH, United States
    • Abbott Laboratories
      • Abbott Laboratories
      North Chicago, IL, United States