Publications (2)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Dicarboximide fungicides (DF) such as vinclozolin, iprodione, procymidone are widely used on vines, fruit and vegetables, and anilide herbicides (AH) such as diuron, linuron, propanil are used to control weeds on hard surfaces, such as, roads, railway tracks, paths, and in crops, forestry. Italian reports on food safety found many samples contaminated by pesticides belonging to these categories, even though only few exceeding L.M.R. Since adverse effects on human health, such as endocrine disruption, have been reported, biological monitoring is essential for exposure assessment both of occupationally exposed subjects and of the general population. Common metabolites of DF and AH are dichloroanilinines such as 3,4-DCA and 3,5-DCA, urine samples from 153 subjects living in Novafeltria, central Italy, were collected for analysis of 3,4- and 3,5-DCAs, each participant was invited to complete a very detailed questionnaire. A total of 151 out of 153 samples were found to be positive for 3,5-DCA, and 81.7% were positive for 3,4-DCA. Also 33 workers, engaged in application of propanil on rice in northern Italy, were involved in the study and 3,4-DCA was determined as marker of exposure. 3,4 and 3,5 dichloroaniline are useful and promising biological indicators for monitoring occupational and environmental exposure to these classes of pesticides.Giornale italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia 29(3 Suppl):276-7.
Article: [Evaluation and management of pesticide risk in agriculture: the experience of the Region of Lombardy (Italy)].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The evaluation of chemical risk in agriculture is complicated because of difficulties in obtaining measures representative of working conditions. This is the reason why experiences finalized at producing risk estimates are running. In this frame, a Regional working group has developed the project "Pesticide exposure and risk profiles in agriculture". Priority scenarios have been selected and the main variables correlated with pesticide exposure have been pointed out. A value for each variable has been defined. The sum of these values allows the definition of "Exposure Indices" (EI), which can be reduced by multiplication for a coefficient calculated based on use of personal protective devices, training and education and equipment conditions. A Risk Index is calculated as the product of EI per a toxicity index, calculated based on the risk phrases of the substances used ("Risk Profile"). Risk Profiles allow the production of risk estimates and the definition of the appropriate preventive interventions. Next phase will be addressed at the validation of the model, to be carried out through the determination of the levels of concordance between the risk class allocation obtained from the model and the one obtained from environmental and biological measures, in the same groups of workers.Giornale italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia 29(3 Suppl):375-6.