Barbara S Turner

Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States

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Publications (3)3.66 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to describe the cardiovascular (CV) risk profile of deployed military men who experience acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A retrospective record review of deployed military men who experienced ACS while deployed and were treated at an overseas military medical center between 2001 and 2007 was conducted to obtain the information for this descriptive study (N= 100). Acute myocardial infarction was diagnosed in 82% of the sample, and 18% experienced unstable angina. Subjects' mean age was 44.7 years (SD± 7.6; range 29-60) and most were enlisted and reservists. Risk factors included a family history of premature coronary artery disease (41%) and smoking (47%) as well as a history of hyperlipidemia (48%), hypertension (28%), and glucose abnormalities (6%). The group was overweight (BMI 27.77 kg/m(2) ± 3.2) and low risk for CV events (Framingham risk score 7.8%[± 4.4]). Young military men are regarded as the epitome of health and fitness; however, findings from this study suggest that this generally low-risk group do indeed have multiple CV risk factors and experience ACS. Early risk factor assessment and modification, including smoking cessation, weight management, and improving dyslipidemia, is essential.
    Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners 08/2011; 23(8):427-33. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:: Acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) occur in deployed military personnel, yet little is known about the cardiovascular (CV) risk profile of deployed US military service members who experience ACS. Stress and socioeconomic status (SES) as risk factors for ACS in service members deployed in ongoing Overseas Contingency Operations have not been considered. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE:: To compare CV risk factors between service members who experienced ACS and healthy service members who did not experience ACS while deployed while controlling for nontraditional CV risk factors. SUBJECTS:: Deployed service members who experienced ACS (n = 93) and matched controls who did not experience ACS (n = 137). METHODS:: Healthy controls and ACS cases were matched on rank, area of operations, and ethnicity to control for confounding effects of SES, combat stress exposure, and ethnicity. RESULTS:: Acute myocardial infarction occurred in 81.7% of the cases, and 18.3% had unstable angina. Most major CV risk factors were different between the 2 groups except blood sugar and history of dyslipidemia. In a univariate conditional logistic regression model, all CV risk factors except blood sugar were significant predictors of ACS. In a multivariate logistic regression model, older age (odds ratio [OR], 1.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-1.40), higher total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (OR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.65-4.97), and family history of premature coronary artery disease (OR, 4.83 [95% CI, 1.64-14.26]) independently predicted ACS in deployed service personnel. CONCLUSION:: Controlling for SES, combat stress exposure, and ethnicity, traditional CV risk factors remain independent predictors of ACS in deployed service members.
    The Journal of cardiovascular nursing 11/2010; · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As the civilian population exhibits increasing trends in major cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in younger age groups, the US military is observing similar trends. These worrisome developments are seen even in young adulthood. Despite the need for a fit, combat-ready force, increases in CV risk are increasingly evident in the military population. This review provides an overview of coronary artery disease in the young and the prevalence of risk factors in the military population. With increases in current military operations in an acutely stressful environment, the role of stress and the manifestation of CV disease are also examined.
    The Journal of cardiovascular nursing 23(4):338-44. · 1.47 Impact Factor