G Penacoba

CERN, Genève, Geneva, Switzerland

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Publications (9)3.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) was founded in 1978 and was the first institution in Italy to promote post-graduate courses leading to a Doctor Philosophiae (or PhD) degree. A centre of excellence among Italian and international universities, the school has around 65 teachers, 100 post docs and 245 PhD students, and is located in Trieste, in a campus of more than 10 hectares with wonderful views over the Gulf of Trieste. SISSA hosts a very high-ranking, large and multidisciplinary scientific research output. The scientific papers produced by its researchers are published in high impact factor, well-known international journals, and in many cases in the world's most prestigious scientific journals such as Nature and Science. Over 900 students have so far started their careers in the field of mathematics, physics and neuroscience research at SISSA. Visit www.sissa.it.
    Journal of Instrumentation 03/2012; 7(03). DOI:10.1088/1748-0221/7/03/C03027 · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) was founded in 1978 and was the first institution in Italy to promote post-graduate courses leading to a Doctor Philosophiae (or PhD) degree. A centre of excellence among Italian and international universities, the school has around 65 teachers, 100 post docs and 245 PhD students, and is located in Trieste, in a campus of more than 10 hectares with wonderful views over the Gulf of Trieste. SISSA hosts a very high-ranking, large and multidisciplinary scientific research output. The scientific papers produced by its researchers are published in high impact factor, well-known international journals, and in many cases in the world's most prestigious scientific journals such as Nature and Science. Over 900 students have so far started their careers in the field of mathematics, physics and neuroscience research at SISSA. Visit www.sissa.it.
    Journal of Instrumentation 01/2012; 7(01):C01032. DOI:10.1088/1748-0221/7/01/C01032 · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The LHC is the largest cryogenic installation ever built. For its operation more than 14 000 sensors and actuators are required. The 27 km circumference of the accelerator is divided into 8 sectors: like for the rest of the hardware and in particular the cryogenics, the commissioning of the cryogenics instrumentation has been performed sector by sector
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    ABSTRACT: The operation and monitoring of the LHC requires a cryogenic instrumentation system of an unprecedented size (800 instrumentation crates, holding 15000 sensors and actuators), with strict constraints on temperature measurement uncertainty and radiation hardness for all sensors and actuators. This paper presents the applied procedures of quality assurance and the specific hard- & software tools used to meet and track the mentioned requirements during its lifetime (fabrication, installation, commissioning, operation and maintenance); within the given constraints of time schedule, accessibility and coordination with other teams.
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    G Naylor · E Plouviez · G F Penacoba
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    ABSTRACT: We have implemented the signal processing needed to derive the transverse beam position and the beam phase from the signals of a four electrode BPM block on a FPGA (field programmable gate array). The high processing rate of a FPGA allows taking the full benefit of the high data acquisition rate of the more recent ADC. In addition, it is possible to implement on a FPGA a processing algorithm exactly tailored to the measurement of the beam parameters. The efficiency of the signal processing has also been improved by a careful choice of the frequencies of the sampling clock and of the RF front-end local oscillator, which are derived from the storage ring RF frequency. This paper describes the BPM, the RF front-end electronics and the FPGA algorithm. It presents some of the applications of this BPM at the ESRF and gives measurement results.
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    ABSTRACT: The Large Hadron Collider makes extensive use of superconductors, in magnets for bending and focusing the particles, and in RF cavities for accelerating them, which are operated at 1.9 K and 4.5 K. The process automation for the cryogenic distribution around the accelerator circumference is based on 16 Programmable Logic Controllers, each running 250 control loops, 500 alarms and interlocks, and a phase sequencer. Spread along 27 km and under ionizing radiation, 15 000 cryogenic sensors and actuators are accessed through industrial field networks. We describe the main hardware and software components of the control system, their deployment and commissioning, together with the project organization, challenges faced, and solutions found.
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    ABSTRACT: The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was commissioned at CERN and started operation with beams in 2008. Several months of operation in nominal cryogenic conditions have triggered an optimisation of the process functional analysis. This lead to a few revisions of the control logic, which were realised on-the-fly. During the 2008-09 shut-down, and in order to enhance the safety, availability and operability of the LHC cryogenics, a major rebuild of the logic and several hardware modifications were implemented. The databases, containing instruments and controls in-formation, are being rationalized; the automatic tool, that extracts data for the control software, is being simplified. This paper describes the main improvements and sug-gests perspectives of further developments.
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    ABSTRACT: The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) cryogenic system was progressively and successfully run for the LHC accelerator operation period starting from autumn 2009. The paper recalls the cryogenic system architecture and main operation principles. The system stability during magnets powering and availability periods for high energy beams with first collisions at 3.5 TeV are presented. Treatment of typical problems, weak points of the system and foreseen future consolidations will be discussed.
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    J Casas · G Fernandez Peñacoba · M A Rodriguez Ruiz
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    ABSTRACT: The LHC optics is based in the extensive use of superconducting magnets covering 23 km inside the tunnel. The associated cryogenic system for keeping the magnets in nominal conditions is hence distributed all around the 27 km LHC tunnel and the cryogenic instrumentation submitted to the LHC radiation environment is composed of about 18'000 sensors and actuators. Radiation Tolerant (RadTol) electronics was designed and procured in order to keep the signals integrity against electromagnetic interference and to reduce cabling costs required in case of sending the analog signals into the 30 radiation protected areas. This paper presents the basic design, the qualification of the main RadTol components and the first operational results.