M. Popescu

Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Utrecht, Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands

Are you M. Popescu?

Claim your profile

Publications (6)2.84 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We fabricated and characterized a low thermal conductance ( G ) transition edge sensor (TES). The device is based on a superconducting Ti/Au bilayer deposited on a suspended SiN membrane. The critical temperature of the device is 155 mK. The low thermal conductance is realized by using narrow SiN ring-like supporting structures. All measurements were performed having the device in a light-tight box, which to a great extent eliminates the loading of the background radiation. We measured the current-voltage (IV) characteristics of the device in different bath temperatures and determine the thermal conductance ( G ) to be equal to 1.66 pW/K. This value corresponds to a noise equivalent power (NEP) of 1×10<sup>-18</sup> W/√Hz. The current noise and complex impedance are also measured at different bias points at 25 mK bath temperature. The measured electrical (dark) NEP is 2×10<sup>-18</sup> W/√Hz, which is about a factor of 2 higher than what is expected from the thermal conductance that comes out of the IV curves analysis. We also measured the complex impedance of the same device at several bias points. Fitting a simple first order thermal-electrical model to the measured data, we find an effective time constant of about 62 μs and a thermal capacity of 3 fJ/K.
    IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity 07/2011; 21(3-21):236 - 240. DOI:10.1109/TASC.2010.2089408 · 1.32 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Transition edge sensor (TES) is the selected detector for the SAFARI FIR imaging spectrometer (focal plane arrays covering a wavelength range from 30 to 210 mum) on the Japanese SPICA telescope. Since the telescope is cooled to 50 mK. Also the time constant should be below 8 ms. We fabricated and characterized low thermal conductance transition edge sensors (TES) for SAFARI instrument on SPICA. The device is based on a superconducting Ti/Au bilayer deposited on suspended SiN membrane. The critical temperature of the device is 155 mK. The low thermal conductance is realized by using narrow SiN ring-like supporting structures. All measurements were performed having the device in a light-tight box, which to a great extent eliminates the loading of the background radiation. We measured the current-voltage (IV) characteristics of the device in different bath temperatures and determine the thermal conductance (G) to be equal to 1.66 pW/K. This value corresponds to a noise equivalent power (NEP) of 1E-18 W/&surd;Hz. The current noise and complex impedance is also measured at different bias points at 25 mK bath temperature. The measured electrical (dark) NEP is 2E-18 W/&surd;Hz, which is about a factor of 2 higher than what we expect from the thermal conductance that comes out of the IV curves. Despite using a light-tight box, the photon noise might still be the source of this excess noise. We also measured the complex impedance of the same device at several bias points. Fitting a simple first order thermal-electrical model to the measured data, we find an effective time constant of about 65 mus and a thermal capacity of 3-4 fJ/K in the middle of the transition
    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 01/2010; DOI:10.1117/12.857725 · 0.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We fabricated and characterized low thermal conductance transition edge sensors (TES) for SAFARI instrument on SPICA. The device is based on a superconducting Ti∕Au bilayer deposited on suspended SiN membrane. The critical temperature of the device is 113 mK. The low thermal conductance is realized by using long and narrow SiN supporting legs. All measurements were performed having the device in a light‐tight box, which to a great extent eliminates the loading of the background radiation. We measured the current‐voltage (IV) characteristics of the device in different bath temperatures and determine the thermal conductance (G) to be equal to 320 fW∕K. This value corresponds to a noise equivalent power (NEP) of 3×10−19 W/. The current noise and complex impedance is also measured at different bias points at 55 mK bath temperature. The measured electrical (dark) NEP is 1×10−18 W/, which is about a factor of 3 higher than what we expect from the thermal conductance that comes out of the IV curves. Despite using a light‐tight box, the photon noise might still be the source of this excess noise. We also measured the complex impedance of the same device at several bias points. Fitting a simple first order thermal‐electrical model to the measured data, we find an effective time constant of about 2.7 ms and a thermal capacity of 13 fJ∕K in the middle of the transition.
    12/2009; 1185(1):42-47. DOI:10.1063/1.3292369
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We are developing Frequency Domain Multiplexing (FDM) for the read-out of TES imaging microcalorimeter arrays for future X-ray missions like IXO. In the FDM configuration the TES is AC voltage biased at a well defined frequencies (between 0.3 to 10 MHz) and acts as an AM modulating element. In this paper we will present a full comparison of the performance of a TES microcalorimeter under DC bias and AC bias at a frequency of 370 kHz. In both cases we measured the current-to-voltage characteristics, the complex impedance, the noise, the X-ray responsivity, and energy resolution. The behaviour is very similar in both cases, but deviations in performances are observed for detector working points low in the superconducting transition (R/R{sub N}<0.5). The measured energy resolution at 5.89 keV is 2.7 eV for DC bias and 3.7 eV for AC bias, while the baseline resolution is 2.8 eV and 3.3 eV, respectively.
    AIP Conference Proceedings 12/2009; 1185(1). DOI:10.1063/1.3292399
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present the latest results of the performance of micro-calorimeters based on transition edge sensors (TESs) for space applications. Sensors based on TiAu superconductive layers with Cu/Bi absorbers are discussed and have been characterized. Different coupling schemes between absorber and TES have been tested leading to an optimal (preferred) design for a new batch of arrays. We discuss the progress on array development for the International X-ray Observatory (IXO) in terms of pixel uniformity and filling factor. Inter-pixel cross-talk is discussed as well.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment 10/2009; 610(1):83-86. DOI:10.1016/j.nima.2009.05.114 · 1.32 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The linear dynamic range available for Frequency-Domain-Multiplexed (FDM) read-out of TES X-ray detectors is seriously limited by the SQUID current amplifiers used for the read-out of TES-detectors. Baseband feedback is one of the ways to increase the linearity and dynamic range of SQUIDs for the TES signals. Baseband feedback is realized by demodulation, and low-pass filtering of the AM-signals at the amplified summing point, thereby retrieving the signals for each detector, and subsequent remodulation and summing of the individual detector signals with phase compensation for the delay and phase rotation at each carrier frequency. This algorithm creates sufficient gain-bandwidth at and around each carrier frequency (1 - 10 MHz) to reduce the error signal at the input of the SQUID amplifier for both the AC-carriers and the signals modulated onto them. The paper presents the principle, modeling, and initial results
    01/2009; DOI:10.1063/1.3292328