Publications (3)1.78 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Despite considerable research into boxing, surprisingly little is known concerning the fundamental physics of forces delivered in a boxing match. Most previous punch force estimates have been obtained from laboratory studies in which an experienced boxer struck an inanimate object. This paper presents the first direct measurement of punch force in professional boxing matches. Measurements were made using a proprietary system that records the force associated with punch impact. Twelve boxers wore boxing gloves incorporating the bestshot System TM in six professional boxing matches across five different weight classes. The force of each delivered punch was measured across all rounds of all bouts. Mean punch forces delivered ranged from 866.6 N (Super Middleweight) to 1149.2 N (Light Middleweight) across the fights and was not significantly correlated with boxer's weight. In each of the three bouts where the outcome was determined by judges' decision, the boxer delivering the greater cumulative force and the greater number of punches won unanimously. These measurements, the first direct measurement of punch force in professional boxing matches, are considerably less than those found in laboratory demonstrations, and likely reflect the dynamic nature of the ring. The ability to measure punch force directly may be beneficial in training, judging, and monitoring the health of boxers during competitive matches.Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports 02/2007; 2(2):3-3.
- Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development - J REHABIL RES DEV. 01/2003; 40(2).
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ABSTRACT: Our long-term goal is to improve adherence to a home-based isometric program for rehabilitation of knee osteoarthritis (OA) using a force-biofeedback device (Isopad). Our goal for Phase I was to design and evaluate an Isopad-based program in a supervised clinical setting. Our subjects were five patients with knee OA of Kellgren stage II or greater. A capacitive force sensor was tested for accuracy, repeatability, and durability. An Arthritis Foundation home-based isometric program inspired the Isopad design. The Isopad provided visual and auditory feedback instantaneously and continuously about force generated between the ankles. The five subjects completed a supervised 8-week progressive isometric program using the Isopad. Absolute isolated quadriceps and hamstring torques were quantified with a dynamometer, and patients completed a self-assessment of symptoms (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index). The capacitive sensor accuracy error averaged 10% and repeatability 4%. Cognitively intact subjects used the Isopad successfully for isometric progressive resistance training. Quadriceps and hamstrings absolute torques increased an average of 30%. Patients reported decreased functional complaints (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index). All changes were trends. The Isopad helped subjects with knee OA adhere to a supervised isometric program and meet progressive strength targets. The next-generation Isopad will be employed in a home-based program.The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 40(2):95-107. · 1.78 Impact Factor