[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to form comparisons of total polyphenol compounds, the antioxidant activities and the urushiol contents of lacquer tree(Rhus verniciflua) bark and the sensory properties of chicken soup was made with lacquer tree bark that was cultivated from different cultivation areas; Hamyang, Wonju and China. Total polyphenol contents of Hamyang, Wonju and China were estimated as , and mg/g. The total flavonoids contents of Hamyang, Wonju and China were measured as , and mg/g. The total phenolic compounds and flavonoids concentration, DPPH radical scavenging activity, and ABTS radical scavenging of lacquer tree cultivated in Wonju were higher than the others; Hamyang and China. The urushiol content of lacquer tree bark from Hamyang was ppm and higher than others. Urushiol was not detected in China lacquer tree bark. Sensory evaluation tests for chicken soup containing lacquer tree bark showed that the scores of Wonju lacquer tree bark chicken soup was highest, however there are no differences between Hamyang, Wonju, and China significantly(p
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to investigate the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of Korean isolates of Cronobacter spp. (Enterobacter sakazakii). A total of 43 Cronobacter spp., including 5 clinical isolates, 34 food isolates, 2 environmental isolates, and 2 reference strains (C. sakazakii ATCC 29004 and C. muytjensii ATCC51329) were used in this study. Korean isolates of Cronobacter spp. were divided into 11 biogroups according to their biochemical profiles and 3 genomic groups based on the analysis of their 16S rRNA gene sequences. Biogroups 1 and 2 contained the majority of isolates (n=26), most of which were contained in 16S rRNA cluster 1 (n=34). Korean isolates of Cronobacter spp. showed diverse biochemical profiles. Biogroup 1 contained C. sakazakii GIHE (Gyeonggido Research Institute of Health and Environment) 1 and 2, which were isolated from babies that exhibited symptoms of Cronobacter spp. infection such as gastroenteritis, sepsis, and meningitis. Our finding revealed that Biogroup 1, C. sakazakii, is more prevalent and may be a more pathogenic biogroup than other biogroups, but the pathogenic biogroup was not represented clearly among the 11 biogroups tested in this study. Thus, all biogroups of Cronobacter spp. were recognized as pathogenic bacteria, and the absence of Cronobacter spp. in infant foods should be constantly regulated to prevent food poisoning and infection caused by Cronobacter spp.
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 05/2011; 21(5):509-14. · 1.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The consumer awareness concerning coffee beverages has increased in Korea. The objective of this study was to optimize the roasting conditions of coffee bean for consumer's attribute. The optimal roasting conditions for Colombian coffee beans were analyzed by using a central composite design with a quadratic polynomial model by response surface methodology (RSM). The experimental conditions for coffee bean roasting were and 7.93~22.07 minutes. The responses of sensory attributes. physicochemical and physical properties were analyzed with RSM. The width. length and height of green beans increased when the beans were roasted. The higher degree of roasting gave the higher pH and solid contents but the lower total acidity and total phenolic compounds. In sensory tests, the roasting temperature and time had a significant effect on the flavor score. The optimum roasting condition of Colombian coffee bean predicted for maximizing the length, width, solid contents, total phenolic compounds and flavor score were 20 minutes at by RSM.