Publications (3)1.66 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: WE have investigated the action of domoic acid in the mouse brain following systemic exposure. Domoic acid increased c-fos mRNA within 15 min and its translational product (c-Fos) within 1 h. c-Fos immunoreactivity was most prominent in the hippocampal formation, lateral septal nucleus, olfactory bulb, area postrema and the nucleus of the solitary tract. We next examined irreversible toxic effects of domoic acid. Domoic acid caused extensive degeneration in CA1-2 of the hippocampus, lateral septal nucleus and olfactory bulb. No degeneration was evident in the dentate gyrus or brain stem. These studies demonstrate that domoic acid has only neuroexcitatory effects on brain stem regions associated with visceral function whereas it has permanent neurotoxic effects on brain regions associated with memory formation. (C) Lippincott-Raven Publishers.Neuroreport 03/1994; 5(8). · 1.66 Impact Factor
Article: Repeated Independent Exposures to Domoic Acid Do Not Enhance Symptomatic Toxicity in Outbred or Seizure-Sensitive Inbred Mice[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Domoic acid (DA) is an environmental neurotoxin to humans. This work examines whether repeated exposure to subsymptomatic or symptomatic nonlethal doses of domoic acid leads to enhanced symptomatic toxicity in ICR outbred and DBA inbred strains of laboratory mice. A multiple independent exposure paradigm was designed in which doses were administered intraperito neally every other day for 7 days to achieve four separate exposures to domoic acid. We first examined the effect of repeated exposure on serum clearance of domoic acid. Serum domoic acid levels did not differ following a single or repeated exposure. We next examined the effect of repeated exposure on symptomatic toxicity. The mean toxicity scores did not show a significant difference between single and repeated exposures of either subsymptomatic (0.5 mg/ kg) or symptomatic sublethal (2.0 mg/kg) doses of domoic acid. We then examined the effects of repeated domoic acid exposure on a second strain of mouse. DBA mice were chosen based upon their sensitivity to kainic acid-induced seizures; however, the ICR mice were more sensitive to low-dose domoic acid toxicity, particularly in terms of onset and duration of stereotypic scratching behavior. Our results indicate that both strains of mice have comparable concentration-dependent toxic responses to domoic acid; however, differences exist in the magnitude of the response and in specific symptoms. The mean toxicity scores did not show a significant difference when a single exposure (1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg domoic acid) and repeated exposure of the same dose were com pared in the DBA mice. This study provides no evidence that short-term repeated exposure to domoic acid in laboratory mice alters domoic acid clearance from the serum, or leads to a more sensitive or a greater neurotoxic response.
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ABSTRACT: Single injections of domoic acid, given either intraperitoneally to mice or directly into the hippocampal formation of rats, have been shown to impair learning on the place version of the Morris water maze task and the eight arm radial maze task. The present study was designed to test whether both single and repeated exposures of intraperitoneally administered domoic acid (1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg) impair spatial working memory in mice on a delayed matching-to-sample task. DBA strain mice were given a series of four injections over a 7-day period consisting of either saline or one of two doses of domoic acid. During the 18 days of testing, each subject was given one trial per day consisting of one information run, followed by three test runs. On non-alternation days (days in which the correct response was the same as the preceding day) the saline injected group significantly outperformed the single injection 2.0 mg/kg domoic acid group. This indicates that domoic acid-treated animals were incapable of forming a memory that persisted for 24 h and hence were less able to utilize the prior day's experience. However, the repeated exposure groups did not perform as poorly on non-alternation days than the single exposure groups, indicating that domoic acid may affect multiple mechanisms involved in memory consolidation.Toxicon.