Publications (2)3.78 Total impact
Article: Expression of sulfotransferase isoform 1A1 (SULT1A1) in breast cancer cells significantly increases 4-hydroxytamoxifen-induced apoptosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Previously, we reported a strong association of the high activity SULT1A1*1 allele and overall survival of patients receiving tamoxifen therapy, indicating that sulfation of 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT) via SULT1A1 may contribute to the therapeutic efficacy of tamoxifen treatment. In most, but not all cases, sulfation is considered to be an elimination pathway; therefore we sought to define the biological mechanism by which increased sulfation of tamoxifen could provide a therapeutic benefit. We compared the antiproliferative and apoptotic responses between MCF7-SULT1A1 expressing cells and control MCF7 pcDNA3 cells when treated with 4-OHT. We observed a greater than 30% decrease in cell proliferation in MCF7-SULT1A1 expressing cells at physiological concentrations of 4-OHT, and significant cell death in SULT1A1-expressing cells treated with 2µM 4-OHT for 48 hours compared to control cells (p<0.05). Within 24 hours of drug treatment, an 80% increase in apoptosis in SULT1A1-expressing cells was apparent when compared to similarly treated cells that did not express SULT1A1. We also observed an increase in endonuclease G, the primary endonuclease expressed in ER-dependent breast cancer cells, which participates in caspaseindependent apoptosis. These data confirm that SULT1A1-mediated biotransformation of 4-OHT is important in the efficacy of 4-OHT cytotoxicity in breast tumors, and reveals a potential role for sulfated metabolites in the efficacy of tamoxifen therapy.International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics 01/2010; 1(2):92-103.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Lactoperoxidase, an enzyme secreted from the human mammary gland, plays a host defensive role through antimicrobial activity. It has been implicated in mutagenic and carcinogenic activation in the human mammary gland. The potential role of heterocyclic and aromatic amines in the etiology of breast cancer led us to examination of the lactoperoxidase-catalyzed activation of the most commonly studied arylamine carcinogens: 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]-pyridine (PhIP), benzidine, 4-aminobiphenyl (ABP), 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), and 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx). In vitro activation was performed with lactoperoxidase (partially purified from bovine milk or human milk) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and calf thymus DNA. Products formed during enzymatic activation were monitored by HPLC with ultraviolet and radiometric detection. Two of these products were characterized as hydrazo and azo derivatives by means of mass spectrometry. The DNA binding level of 3H- and 14C-radiolabeled amines after peroxidase-catalyzed activation was dependent on the hydrogen peroxide concentration, and the highest levels of carcinogen binding to DNA were observed at 100 microM H2O2. Carcinogen activation and the level of binding to DNA were in the order of benzidine > ABP > IQ > MeIQx > PhIP. One of the ABP adducts was identified, and the level at which it is formed was estimated to be six adducts/10(5) nucleotides. The susceptibility of aromatic and heterocyclic amines for lactoperoxidase-catalyzed activation and the binding levels of activated products to DNA suggest a potential role of lactoperoxidase-catalyzed activation of carcinogens in the etiology of breast cancer.Chemical Research in Toxicology 01/2005; 17(12):1659-66. · 3.78 Impact Factor