Shelby Kutty

University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, United States

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Publications (131)612.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Exercise limitation is common post-Fontan. Hybrid X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging (XMR) catheterization allows haemodynamic assessment by means of measurement of ventricular volumes and flow in major vessels with simultaneous invasive pressures. We aim to assess haemodynamic response to stress in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) post-Fontan. Prospective study of 13 symptomatic children (NHYA 2) with HLHS post-Fontan using XMR catheterization. Three conditions were applied: baseline (Stage 1), dobutamine at 10 µg/kg/min (Stage 2), and dobutamine at 20 µg/kg/min (Stage 3). Seven consecutive patients received inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) at peak stress. Control MRI data were from normal healthy adults. In the HLHS patients, baseline mean pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) was 1.51 ± 0.59 WU m(2) and aortopulmonary collateral flow was 17.7 ± 13.6% of systemic cardiac output. Mean right ventricular end-diastolic pressure was 6.7 ± 2.5 mmHg which did not rise with stress. Cardiac index (CI) increased at Stage 2 in HLHS (40%) and controls (61%) but continued to increase at Stage 3 only in controls (19%) but not in HLHS. The blunted rise in CI in HLHS was due to a continuing fall in end-diastolic volume throughout stress, with no significant change in PVR or CI at peak stress in response to iNO. Cardiac output post-Fontan in HLHS at peak stress is blunted due to a limitation in preload which is not responsive to inhaled pulmonary vasodilators in the setting of normal PVR. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2015. For permissions please email:
    European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging 07/2015; DOI:10.1093/ehjci/jev178 · 4.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver cirrhosis has been shown to affect cardiac performance. However cardiac dysfunction may only be revealed under stress conditions. The value of non-invasive stress tests in diagnosing cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is unclear. We sought to investigate the response to pharmacological stimulation with dobutamine in patients with cirrhosis using cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Thirty-six patients and eight controls were scanned using a 1.5 T scanner (Siemens Symphony TIM; Siemens, Erlangen, Germany). Conventional volumetric and feature tracking analysis using dedicated software (CMR42; Circle Cardiovascular Imaging Inc, Calgary, Canada and Diogenes MRI; Tomtec; Germany, respectively) were performed at rest and during low to intermediate dose dobutamine stress. Whilst volumetry based parameters were similar between patients and controls at rest, patients had a smaller increase in cardiac output during stress (p = 0.015). Ejection fraction increase was impaired in patients during 10 μg/kg/min dobutamine as compared to controls (6.9 % vs. 16.5 %, p = 0.007), but not with 20 μg/kg/min (12.1 % vs. 17.6 %, p = 0.12). This was paralleled by an impaired improvement in circumferential strain with low dose (median increase of 14.4 % vs. 30.9 %, p = 0.03), but not with intermediate dose dobutamine (median increase of 29.4 % vs. 33.9 %, p = 0.54). There was an impaired longitudinal strain increase in patients as compared to controls during low (median increase of 6.6 % vs 28.6 %, p < 0.001) and intermediate dose dobutamine (median increase of 2.6%vs, 12.6 % p = 0.016). Radial strain response to dobutamine was similar in patients and controls (p > 0.05). Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is characterized by an impaired cardiac pharmacological response that can be detected with magnetic resonance myocardial stress testing. Deformation analysis parameters may be more sensitive in identifying abnormalities in inotropic response to stress than conventional methods.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 07/2015; 17(1):61. DOI:10.1186/s12968-015-0157-6 · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess intervendor agreement of cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) and to study the impact of repeated measures on reproducibility. Ten healthy volunteers underwent cine imaging in short-axis orientation at rest and with dobutamine stimulation (10 and 20 μg/kg/min). All images were analysed three times using two types of software (TomTec, Unterschleissheim, Germany and Circle, cvi(42), Calgary, Canada) to assess global left ventricular circumferential (Ecc) and radial (Err) strains and torsion. Differences in intra- and interobserver variability within and between software types were assessed based on single and averaged measurements (two and three repetitions with subsequent averaging of results, respectively) as determined by Bland-Altman analysis, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), and coefficient of variation (CoV). Myocardial strains and torsion significantly increased on dobutamine stimulation with both types of software (p<0.05). Resting Ecc and torsion as well as Ecc values during dobutamine stimulation were lower measured with Circle (p<0.05). Intra- and interobserver variability between software types was lowest for Ecc (ICC 0.81 [0.63-0.91], 0.87 [0.72-0.94] and CoV 12.47% and 14.3%, respectively) irrespective of the number of analysis repetitions. Err and torsion showed higher variability that markedly improved for torsion with repeated analyses and to a lesser extent for Err. On an intravendor level TomTec showed better reproducibility for Ecc and torsion and Circle for Err. CMR-FT strain and torsion measurements are subject to considerable intervendor variability, which can be reduced using three analysis repetitions. For both vendors, Ecc qualifies as the most robust parameter with the best agreement, albeit lower Ecc values obtained using Circle, and warrants further investigation of incremental clinical merit. Copyright © 2015 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Clinical Radiology 06/2015; 70(9). DOI:10.1016/j.crad.2015.05.006 · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the inter-study reproducibility of MR feature tracking (MR-FT) derived left ventricular (LV) torsion and torsion rates for a combined assessment of systolic and diastolic myocardial function. Steady-state free precession (SSFP) cine LV short-axis stacks were acquired at 9:00 (Exam A), 9:30 (Exam B), and 14:00 (Exam C) in 16 healthy volunteers at 3 Tesla. SSFP images were analyzed offline using MR-FT to assess rotational displacement in apical and basal slices. Global peak torsion, peak systolic and peak diastolic torsion rates were calculated using different definitions ("twist", "normalized twist" and "circumferential-longitudinal (CL) shear angle"). Exam A and B were compared to assess the inter-study reproducibility. Morning and afternoon scans were compared to address possible diurnal variation. The different methods showed good inter-study reproducibility for global peak torsion (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]: 0.90-0.92; coefficient of variation [CoV]: 19.0-20.3%) and global peak systolic torsion rate (ICC: 0.82-0.84; CoV: 25.9-29.0%). Conversely, global peak diastolic torsion rate showed little inter-study reproducibility (ICC: 0.34-0.47; CoV: 40.8-45.5%). Global peak torsion as determined by the CL shear angle showed the best inter-study reproducibility (ICC: 0.90;CoV: 19.0%). MR-FT results were not measurably affected by diurnal variation between morning and afternoon scans (CL shear angle: 4.8 ± 1.4°, 4.8 ± 1.5°, and 4.1 ± 1.6° for Exam A, B, and C, respectively; P = 0.21). MR-FT based derivation of myocardial peak torsion and peak systolic torsion rate has high inter-study reproducibility as opposed to peak diastolic torsion rate. The CL shear angle was the most reproducible parameter independently of cardiac anatomy and may develop into a robust tool to quantify cardiac rotational mechanics in longitudinal MR-FT patient studies. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 06/2015; DOI:10.1002/jmri.24979 · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical experience suggests that measurement of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) using two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) is often at variance with results of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) in patients who have undergone heart transplantation (HT). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that LV mechanical dyssynchrony and abnormal regional strain are present in asymptomatic pediatric HT patients and that they promote errors in the measurement of LV function when 2DE is used. HT subjects and normal volunteer children were prospectively enrolled. All had normal estimated right ventricular systolic pressure and function. LV EF, global and regional strain, and systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI) were quantified using real time 3DE. SDI was determined from volume-time curves of the 16 LV segments and expressed as the standard deviation of the heart rate-corrected time to reach minimal segmental systolic volume. Septal strain was defined as the average of five segments in the interventricular septum. In addition to 3DE, the Teichholz, biplane Simpson, and bullet (5/6 area-length) methods were used to measure EF using 2DE in each subject. Ninety-three examinations were done: 40 in the 40 normal control subjects (mean age, 14.6 ± 10.6 years; 10 male) and 53 in 36 HT subjects (mean age, 10.3 ± 6.2 years; 21 male). SDI was greater in HT patients (mean, 6.2 ± 4.3%) than in normal controls (mean, 2.2 ± 1.1%) (P < .0001). Global and septal strain was lower in HT patients than in normal controls. EF divergence (absolute difference between two- and three-dimensional EFs) was greater in HT patients (mean, 3.8 ± 2.2%) than in normal controls (mean, 0.7 ± 0.5%) (P < .0001). EF divergence had a strong positive correlation with SDI (adjusted r(2) = 0.46, P < .001) and negative correlations with all measures of strain (range of adjusted r(2) values, 0.13-0.32). SDI had no particular relation to LV mass or to QRS duration. Children after HT have abnormal LV mechanics characterized by greater dyssynchrony and lower strain. These features correlate with, and possibly contribute to differences between measurements by 2DE and 3DE. EF should be calculated using 3DE in this population and others with dyssynchrony and regional strain abnormalities. Copyright © 2015 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.echo.2015.05.013 · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate technical approaches for transcatheter closure of coronary artery fistula based on anatomic type of the fistula. The variability in coronary artery fistulae (CAF) anatomy that necessitates different transcatheter closure (TCC) approaches has not been well documented. Records of patients with CAF who underwent TCC at 2 centers were reviewed for technical details and procedural outcome. CAF were classified as proximal and distal. TCC approaches employed were arterio-venous or arterio-arterial loop, retrograde arterial, and antegrade venous. Eighteen patients with CAF, mean age 12.6 years (0.07-60), 11 male (61%), underwent TCC. All CAF drained predominantly into the right side of the heart. Types of CAF were proximal in 15 and distal in 3 patients. CAF calibers were large in 7, medium in 9, and small in 2 patients. The arterio-venous loop approach was used in the majority of the cases (11 patients) and the CAF size were medium to large. The retrograde arterial approach was used in 4; of these, 3 patients had small to medium sized CAF. In 2 patients with long tortuous CAF an antegrade venous approach was employed. TCC was successful in 17 of the 18 patients (94.4%). There were no peri-procedural deaths or vascular complications. This study documents transcatheter closure approaches for CAF and device selection based on fistula origin. The choices of TCC technique and device selection vary, and are primarily determined by the heterogeneous anatomic characteristics of the fistulae. © 2015, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiology 06/2015; 28(4). DOI:10.1111/joic.12212 · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interest in strain (ε) and strain rate (SR) for the assessment of pediatric left ventricular (LV) myocardial function has increased. However, the strengths and limitations of published pediatric nomograms have not been critically evaluated. A literature search was conducted accessing the National Library of Medicine using the keywords myocardial velocity, strain, strain rate, pediatric, reference values, and nomograms. Adding the following keywords, the results were further refined: neonates, infants, adolescents, range/intervals, and speckle tracking. Ten published studies evaluating myocardial velocities, ε, or SR nomograms were analyzed. Sample sizes were limited in most of these studies, particularly in terms of neonates. Heterogeneous methods-tissue Doppler imaging, two- and three-dimensional speckle tracking-were used to perform and normalize measurements. Although most studies adjusted measurements for age, classification by specific age subgroups varied. Few studies addressed the relationships of ε and SR measurements to body size and heart rate. Data have been generally expressed by mean values and standard deviations; Z scores and percentiles that are commonly employed for pediatric echocardiographic quantification have been never used. Reference values for ε and SR were found to be reproducible in older children; however, they varied significantly in neonates and infants. Pediatric nomograms for LV ε and SR are limited by (a) small sample sizes, (b) inconsistent methodology used for derivation and normalization, and (c) scarcity of neonatal data. Some of the studies demonstrate reproducible patterns for systolic deformation in older children. There is need for comprehensive nomograms of myocardial ε and SR involving a large population of normal children obtained using standardized methodology.
    Heart Failure Reviews 05/2015; 20(5). DOI:10.1007/s10741-015-9492-9 · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) offers quantification of phasic atrial functions based on volumetric assessment and more recently, on CMR feature tracking (CMR-FT) quantitative strain and strain rate (SR) deformation imaging. Inter-study reproducibility is a key requirement for longitudinal studies but has not been defined for CMR-based quantification of left atrial (LA) and right atrial (RA) dynamics. Long-axis 2- and 4-chamber cine images were acquired at 9:00 (Exam A), 9:30 (Exam B) and 14:00 (Exam C) in 16 healthy volunteers. LA and RA reservoir, conduit and contractile booster pump functions were quantified by volumetric indexes as derived from fractional volume changes and by strain and SR as derived from CMR-FT. Exam A and B were compared to assess the inter-study reproducibility. Morning and afternoon scans were compared to address possible diurnal variation of atrial function. Inter-study reproducibility was within acceptable limits for all LA and RA volumetric, strain and SR parameters. Inter-study reproducibility was better for volumetric indexes and strain than for SR parameters and better for LA than for RA dynamics. For the LA, reservoir function showed the best reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) 0.94–0.97, coefficient of variation (CoV) 4.5–8.2 %), followed by conduit (ICC 0.78–0.97, CoV 8.2–18.5 %) and booster pump function (ICC 0.71–0.95, CoV 18.3–22.7). Similarly, for the RA, reproducibility was best for reservoir function (ICC 0.76–0.96, CoV 7.5–24.0 %) followed by conduit (ICC 0.67–0.91, CoV 13.9–35.9) and booster pump function (ICC 0.73–0.90, CoV 19.4–32.3). Atrial dynamics were not measurably affected by diurnal variation between morning and afternoon scans. Inter-study reproducibility for CMR-based derivation of LA and RA functions is acceptable using either volumetric, strain or SR parameters with LA function showing higher reproducibility than RA function assessment. Amongst the different functional components, reservoir function is most reproducibly assessed by either technique followed by conduit and booster pump function, which needs to be considered in future longitudinal research studies.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 05/2015; 17(1):36. DOI:10.1186/s12968-015-0140-2 · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Predischarge (pre-d/c) transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is routine after surgery for congenital heart disease, but how it affects clinical care is unknown. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that pre-d/c TTE frequently reveals findings associated with short-term clinical course through a systematic review of findings on pre-d/c TTE and clinical events that followed. Clinical outcomes of mortality, hospitalization, catheterization, and surgery at 1 year were examined for pediatric patients undergoing pre-d/c TTE between June 2010 and June 2012. Using logistic regression, a multivariate model was generated associating clinical, pre-d/c transthoracic echocardiographic, and demographic variables with unplanned postdischarge cardiac events (UCEs) within 1 year. Of 462 patients who underwent pre-d/c TTE, there were 265 male patients (57%) and 197 female patients (43%); the median age was 0.8 years (range, 0-33 years). Two hundred thirty-seven patients (51%) had findings (valve regurgitation, hemodynamic obstruction, ventricular dysfunction, unintended shunt, or pericardial effusion) on pre-d/c TTE, 57 of which were of more than mild severity. Agreement between pre-d/c TTE and postoperative transesophageal echocardiographic findings was only fair to moderate (κ = 0.27-0.43). Sixty-four patients (14%) had UCEs. Univariate analysis revealed that UCE were more frequent in patients with diagnoses and surgical procedures of high complexity. After accounting for these confounding nonechocardiographic variables, pre-d/c transthoracic echocardiographic findings, specifically valve regurgitation of more than mild severity, and ventricular dysfunction and obstructions of any severity were independently associated with UCEs (odds ratios, 1.90, 1.99, and 1.85, respectively). Findings on pre-d/c TTE are frequent, commonly discordant with postoperative transesophageal echocardiographic results, and associated with adverse clinical events after surgery for congenital heart disease. These data would strongly support the practice of pre-d/c TTE after surgery for congenital heart disease. Copyright © 2015 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 05/2015; 28(9). DOI:10.1016/j.echo.2015.04.009 · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To derive and validate a multivariate stratification model for prediction of survival free from intervention (SFFI) in ventricular septal defect (VSD). A secondary aim is for this model to serve as proof of concept for derivation of a more general congenital heart disease prognostic model, of which the VSD model will be the first component. For 12 years, 2334 subjects with congenital heart disease were prospectively and consecutively enrolled. Of these, 675 had VSD and form the derivation cohort. One hundred seven other subjects with VSD followed in another practice formed the validation cohort. The derivation cohort was serially stratified based on clinical and demographic features correlating with SFFI. Six strata were defined, the most favorable predicting nearly 100% SFFI at 10 years, and the least favorable, a high likelihood of event within weeks. Strata with best SFFI had many subjects with nearly normal physiology, muscular VSD location, or prior intervention. In the validation cohort, the relation between predicted and actual SFFI at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years follow-up had areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves 0.800 or greater. A prediction model for SFFI in VSD has been derived and validated. It has potential for clinical application to the benefit of patients and families, medical trainees, and practicing physicians. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The Journal of pediatrics 04/2015; 167(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.04.005 · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our purpose was to evaluate yield of tools commonly advocated for surveillance of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). All patients (pts) with TOF, seen at any time from 1/2008 to 9/2013 in an academic cardiology practice were studied. At the first and each subsequent outpatient visit, the use of tools including history and physical (H&P), ECG, Holter (HOL), echocardiogram (Echo), MR or CT (MR-CT) and stress testing (STR) were noted. Recommendations for intervention (INT) and for time to next follow-up were recorded; rationale for each INT with attribution to one or more tools was identified. There were 213 pts (mean 11.5 years, 130 male) who had 916 visits, 123 of which (13.4%) were associated with 138 INTs (47 surgical, 54 catheter-mediated, 37 other medical). Recommended follow-up interval was 9.44±6.5 months, actual mean follow-up interval was 11.7 months. All 916 (100%) patient visits had a H&P which contributed to 47.2% of INT decisions. Echo was performed in 652 (71.2%) of visits, and contributed to 53.7% of INTs. MR-CT was obtained in 129 (14.1%) of visits, and contributed to 30.1% of INTs. ECG was applied in 137 (15%) visits, and contributed to 1.6% of INTs. HOL was obtained in 188 (20.5%) visits, and contributed to 11.3% of INTs. STR was performed at 101 (11%) of visits, and contributed to 8.9% of INTs. INTs are common in repaired TOF, but when visits average every 11-12 months, most visits do not result in INT. H&P, Echo and HOL were the most frequently applied screens, and all frequently yielded relevant information to guide INT decisions. STR and MR/CT were applied as targeted testing and in this limited, non-screening role had high relevance for INT. There was low utilisation of ECG and major impact on INT was not demonstrated. Risk stratification in TOF may be possible, and could result in more efficient surveillance and targeted testing.
    04/2015; 2(1):e000185. DOI:10.1136/openhrt-2014-000185
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    ABSTRACT: The routine use of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in pediatric cardiac surgery remains controversial. Our aim was to test whether BNP adds information to predict risk in pediatric cardiac surgery. In all, 587 children undergoing cardiac surgery (median age 6.3 months; 1.2-35.9 months) were prospectively enrolled at a single institution. BNP was measured pre-operatively, on every post-operative day in the intensive care unit, and before discharge. The primary outcome was major complications and length ventilator stay >15 days. A first risk prediction model was fitted using Cox proportional hazards model with age, body surface area and Aristotle score as continuous predictors. A second model was built adding cardiopulmonary bypass time and arterial lactate at the end of operation to the first model. Then, peak post-operative log-BNP was added to both models. Analysis to test discrimination, calibration, and reclassification were performed. BNP increased after surgery (p<0.001), peaking at a mean of 63.7 h (median 36 h, interquartile range 12-84 h) post-operatively and decreased thereafter. The hazard ratios (HR) for peak-BNP were highly significant (first model HR=1.40, p=0.006, second model HR=1.44, p=0.008), and the log-likelihood improved with the addition of BNP at 12 h (p=0.006; p=0.009). The adjunction of peak-BNP significantly improved the area under the ROC curve (first model p<0.001; second model p<0.001). The adjunction of peak-BNP also resulted in a net gain in reclassification proportion (first model NRI=0.089, p<0.001; second model NRI=0.139, p=0.003). Our data indicates that BNP may improve the risk prediction in pediatric cardiac surgery, supporting its routine use in this setting.
    Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 04/2015; DOI:10.1515/cclm-2014-1084 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Beta-blockers contribute to treatment of heart failure. Their mechanism of action, however, is incompletely understood. Gradients in beta-blocker sensitivity of helically aligned cardiomyocytes as compared to counteracting transversely intruding cardiomyocytes seem crucial. We hypothesize that selective blockade of transversely intruding cardiomyocytes by low-dose beta-blockade unloads ventricular performance. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 3D-tagging delivers parameters of myocardial performance. Methods and Results We studied 13 healthy volunteers by MRI 3D-tagging during escalated i.v.-administration of Esmolol. The circumferential, longitudinal and radial myocardial shortening was determined for each dose. The curves were analysed for peak value, time-to-peak, upslope, and area-under-the-curve. At low doses, from 5 to 25 μg/kg/min, peak contraction increased while time-to-peak decreased yielding a steeper upslope. Combining the values revealed a left shift of the curves at low doses when compared to baseline without Esmolol. At doses of 50 to 150 μg/kg/min, a right shift with flattening occurred. Conclusions In healthy volunteers we found more pronounced myocardial shortening at low compared to clinical dosage of beta-blockers. In patients with ventricular hypertrophy and higher prevalence of transversely intruding cardiomyocytes selective low-dose beta-blockade could be even more effective. MRI 3D-tagging could help to determine optimal individual beta-blocker dosing avoiding undesirable side effects. Copyright © 2014, American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology.
    AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 04/2015; 309(1):ajpheart.00746.2014. DOI:10.1152/ajpheart.00746.2014 · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To determine whether quantitative wall motion assessment by CMR myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT) would reduce the impact of observer experience as compared to visual analysis in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). Methods: 15 consecutive patients with ICM referred for assessment of hibernating myocardium were studied at 3 Tesla using SSFP cine images at rest and during low dose dobutamine stress (5 and 10 μg/kg/min of dobutamine). Conventional visual, qualitative analysis was per- formed independently and blinded by an experienced and an inexperienced reader, fol- lowed by post-processing of the same images by CMR-FT to quantify subendocardial and subepicardial circumferential (Eccendo and Eccepi) and radial (Err) strain. Receiver operator characteristics (ROC) were assessed for each strain parameter and operator to detect the presence of inotropic reserve as visually defined by the experienced observer. Results: 141 segments with wall motion abnormalities at rest were eligible for the analysis. Visual scoring of wall motion at rest and during dobutamine was significantly different between the experienced and the inexperienced observer (p<0.001). All strain values (Eccendo, Eccepi and Err) derived during dobutamine stress (5 and 10 μg/kg/min) showed similar diagnostic accuracy for the detection of contractile reserve for both operators with no differences in ROC (p>0.05). Eccendo was the most accurate (AUC of 0.76, 10 μg/kg/min of dobutamine) parameter. Diagnostic accuracy was worse for resting strain with differences between oper- ators for Eccendo and Eccepi (p<0.05) but not Err (p>0.05). Conclusion: Whilst visual analysis remains highly dependent on operator experience, quantitative CMR- FT analysis of myocardial wall mechanics during DS-CMR provides diagnostic accuracy for the detection of inotropic reserve regardless of operator experience and hence may improve diagnostic robustness of low-dose DS-CMR in clinical practice.
    PLoS ONE 04/2015; 10(4):e0122858. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0122858 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Ebstein's anomaly (EA) involves a displaced and dysplastic tricuspid valve resulting in an atrialized portion of the right ventricle and an enlargement of the functional right ventricle and right atrium. Biomarkers targeting heart failure such as brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) or haematological parameters [haemoglobin (Hb) and haematocrit (Hct)] are upregulated in states of pulmonary hypoperfusion. We hypothesized that decreased pulmonary perfusion dependent on the stage of right heart failure is a possible mechanism in EA, and that it can be correlated with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) parameters. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between BNP and haematological parameters with functional parameters from CMR and exercise testing in patients with EA. Methods and results: Twenty-five patients with non-corrected EA were studied prospectively (mean age 26 ± 14 years). BNP level was increased (74 ± 127 ng/L), and in 16% markedly above the heart failure cut-off level of 100 ng/L. Hb and Hct were increased above normal levels in 20 and 24% of patients, respectively. BNP and Hct/Hb correlated with CMR [total right/left (R/L)-Volume-Index, right atrium-end-diastolic volume index (EDVi), functional right ventricle (fRV)-EDVi, fRV-ejection fraction (EF), tricuspid regurgitation, pulmonary artery flow, and left ventricular EF] and exercise testing [workload/kg, oxygen uptake (VO2), ventilatory response to carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2), oxygen (O2) pulse, and heart rate reserve]. The higher BNP and haematological parameters, the higher was the disease severity and the more limited was the physical exercise capacity. Conclusion: In this EA cohort, BNP levels and haematological parameters correlated well with functional data from CMR and exercise testing. The total R/L-Volume-Index and BNP, and to some extent hematological parameters, may be useful as prognostic markers in patients with EA.
    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 16(6). DOI:10.1093/ehjci/jeu312 · 2.65 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2015; 65(10):A1291. DOI:10.1016/S0735-1097(15)61291-8 · 16.50 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2015; 65(10):A1292. DOI:10.1016/S0735-1097(15)61292-X · 16.50 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2015; 65(10):A517. DOI:10.1016/S0735-1097(15)60517-4 · 16.50 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2015; 65(10):A487. DOI:10.1016/S0735-1097(15)60487-9 · 16.50 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

736 Citations
612.94 Total Impact Points


  • 2010–2015
    • University of Nebraska Medical Center
      • Division of Pediatric Cardiology
      Omaha, Nebraska, United States
  • 2008–2015
    • Creighton University
      Omaha, Nebraska, United States
    • University of Nebraska at Omaha
      • Division of Cardiology
      Omaha, Nebraska, United States
    • Medical College of Wisconsin
      Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
  • 2014
    • University of Central Lancashire
      • School of Forensic and Investigative Sciences
      Preston, England, United Kingdom
  • 2011
    • University of Massachusetts Boston
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2007–2008
    • Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
      Madison, Wisconsin, United States