Geovane Boschmann Reimche

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria da Boca do Monte, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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Publications (10)6.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this research was to evaluate possible toxic effects of commercial formulation containing fipronil on Cyprinus carpio tissues under rice field conditions. Antioxidant profile (SOD, catalase, glutathione S-transferase), oxidative stress parameters (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, protein carbonyl), and growth were investigated in carp exposed to fipronil under rice field conditions for 7, 30, and 90 days. Waterborne insecticide concentrations were measured and the detectable concentration of fipronil was observed up to 45 day after application. Common carp survival and growth was not affected by fipronil. Liver superoxide dismutase activity was enhanced while liver catalase activity was inhibited at 7, 30, and 90 days. Alterations were not observed in the glutathione S-transferase activity in any experimental periods. Protein carbonyl increased only after 30 and 90 days of exposure. The thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances levels were enhanced in all analyzed tissues (liver, muscle, and brain) and periods of exposure. This study demonstrates that fipronil insecticides cause alterations in the biochemical parameters in different tissues of carp without affecting the growth or the survival of the fish.
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 11/2011; 77:45-51. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyprinus carpio was exposed to imazethapyr and imazapic at laboratory and at field conditions. The laboratory experiment was carried out for 7 days and at rice field for 7, 30 and 90 days. Oxidative stress parameters and antioxidant profile were studied as well as metabolic parameters. After 7 days, brain AChE activity increases in laboratory and field, but in muscle, reduction was observed only in laboratory. At the same period, brain and muscle TBARS and liver CAT increase in the laboratory. Metabolic parameters showed changes in both conditions and exposure periods. After 30 days in rice field, brain AChE activity decreases and in muscle it was enhanced. After 90 days in field, only muscle AChE activity was reduced. The disorders in oxidative stress parameters and metabolism remained, indicating mainly a protein catabolism. This study pointed out short- and long-term effects of rice herbicides at environmentally relevant concentrations on toxicological parameters in tissues of C. carpio.
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 11/2010; 74(3):328-35. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of commercial formulation containing quinclorac and metsulfuron-methyl herbicides on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), antioxidant profile and metabolic parameters in teleost fish (Leporinus obtusidens) were studied. The fish were exposed during 90 days to commercial formulation containing quinclorac (204 μg L(-1)) and metsulfuron-methyl (5.8 μg L(-1)) herbicides in rice field irrigated condition. AChE activity in the brain and muscle decreased after exposure to both commercial formulations. The same response was observed for the TBARS levels in brain, liver and muscle. Liver catalase activity reduced after exposure to commercial formulation containing quinclorac and metsulfuron-methyl herbicides. Metabolic parameters in the liver and white muscle (glycogen, lactate, protein and glucose) were determined. These parameters showed different changes after exposure to both commercial formulations. This study pointed out long-term effects of exposure to commercial formulations containing herbicides used in rice on metabolic and enzymatic parameters in tissues of L. obtusidens.
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 10/2010; 74(3):336-41. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    Ciencia Rural - CIENC RURAL. 01/2010; 40(2).
  • Ciencia Rural - CIENC RURAL. 01/2009; 39(7).
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    ABSTRACT: Pesticides, such as herbicides can affect the metabolic and toxicological parameters on fish. For this reason, an experiment was carried out with the objective of to evaluate the effects of commercial formulations of clomazone and propanil herbicides on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), catalase (CAT) and metabolic parameters in teleost fish (Leporinus obtusidens). Fish were exposed during 90 days to field measured concentration of the herbicides clomazone and propanil (376 and 1644 μg/L, respectively) on rice paddy water. Specific AChE activity in the brain and muscle decreased and TBARS levels decreased in brain, muscle and liver tissues. Liver catalase decreased after exposure to both herbicides. Metabolic parameters in the liver and white muscle showed different changes after exposure to both herbicides. In summary, the results showed that clomazone and propanil affects toxicological and metabolic parameters of piavas. These results suggest that environmentally relevant herbicides concentrations are toxic to Leporinus obtusidens.
    Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. 01/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: This study determined the effects of metsulfuron-methyl, azimsulfuron and carbofuran in communities: Cladocers, Copepods and Rotifers that are present in irrigated rice farming with the rice-fish system. The field experiment was conducted in the 2004/05 growing season with eight treatments. The fish species were: Cyprinus carpio, Ctenopharyngodon idella and Aristichthys nobilis, introduced seven days after treatments were applied. Water samples were collected 17 days before and 1st, 3rd, 10th, 18th, 31th, 51th, and 75th days after the agrochemicals were applied for identification and evaluation of the zooplankton. The results indicated that the herbicides did not affect the zooplankton community studied and carbofuran insecticide application provoked negative effects in Cladocers. Copepods and Rotifers were slightly affected by carbofuran
    Ciência Rural 01/2008; · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Em lavoura de arroz irrigado, é utilizada uma grande quantidade de agroquímicos que, dependendo da sua persistência a campo e toxicidade, podem contaminar corpos dágua e afetar organismos vivos. Com o objetivo de determinar o efeito de concentrações de campo dos herbicidas Clomazone, Quinclorac, Metsulfuron-methyl e Propanil na comunidade zooplanctônica (Cladocera, Copepoda e Rotifera), conduziu-se um experimento em viveiros de aqüicultura, de março a maio de 2005, na estação do outono. Nos dias 1°, 2°, 3°, 7°, 10°, 18°, 31° e 51° após a aplicação dos herbicidas, foram coletadas amostras de água para se determinarem parâmetros físico-químicos da água, concentração dos herbicidas e comunidade zooplanctônica. Os parâmetros médios da qualidade da água foram: oxigênio dissolvido (3,5mg L-1), temperatura (20,1°C), pH (6,0), dureza total (18mg L-1 de CaCO3) e alcalinidade total (9mg L-1 de CaCO3). A ordem decrescente de persistência dos herbicidas na água foi Clomazone = Quinclorac > Propanil > Metsulfuron-methyl, com média de 31, 31, 10 e 7 dias, respectivamente. Os resultados indicaram que os herbicidas provocaram poucas alterações na densidade de organismos dos grupos Rotifera e Copepoda (Adulto e Nauplio). A densidade do grupo Cladocera permaneceu baixa para todo o período experimental.
    Ciencia rural, ISSN 0103-8478, Vol. 38, Nº. 1, 2008, pags. 7-13. 01/2008;
  • Geovane Boschmann Reimche
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    ABSTRACT: A lavoura de arroz (Orysa sativa L.) irrigado utiliza agroquímicos intensamente, que, dependendo da sua persistência no ambiente e toxicidade, podem contaminar corpos dágua e afetar organismos não-alvo. Os herbicidas e os inseticidas são agrotóxicos recomendados para o arroz irrigado no sul do Brasil. Este estudo foi desenvolvido em três experimentos, os quais tiveram por objetivos: (i) determinar a persistência dos herbicidas imazetapir + imazapique (Only), bispiribaque-sódico, penoxsulam, clomazona, quincloraque, e dos inseticidas carbofurano e fipronil na água de irrigação em áreas cultivadas com arroz irrigado; (ii) investigar o efeito destes agrotóxicos na qualidade física, química e biológica da água; e, (iii) investigar os efeitos destes agrotóxicos na densidade da biota zooplanctônica natural no arroz cultivado no sistema de plantio direto. O experimento foi realizado a campo, na UFSM, em Santa Maria (RS), nas safras de 2007/08 e 2008/09; e conduzido em parcelas de 9,7 x 7,6 m= 73,7 m2 isoladas por taipas. O experimento foi conduzido com delineamento de blocos ao acaso com três repetições. Cada parcela recebeu de forma aleatória um tratamento, onde foram aplicadas a mistura dos herbicidas imazetapir (75 g i.a. ha-1) com imazapique (25 g i.a. ha-1), (Only) bispiribaque-sódico (50 g i.a. ha-1), penoxsulam (48 i.a. g ha-1), clomazona (600 g i.a. ha-1), quincloraque (375 g i.a. ha-1), e os inseticidas carbofurano (400 g i.a. ha-1) e fipronil (37,5 g i.a. ha-1), além do tratamento controle. No Experimento I, os resultados mostraram que na média das duas safras (2007/08 e 2008/09) a persistência dos agrotóxicos decresceu na seguinte ordem: quincloraque >bispiribaque sódico = penoxsulam >carbofurano >imazapique >imazetapir = fipronil >clomazona com persistência de 84, 60, 60, 42, 39, 28, 28 e 25 dias, respectivamente. Quincloraque registrou maior tempo de dissipação (DT50) com 15,4 dias, enquanto clomazona apresentou o menor valor de DT50 na água com 1,9 dias. No Experimento II, os resultados mostraram que a aplicação isolada dos herbicidas e os inseticidas testados não acarretam grande alteração na qualidade da água quando comparada à qualidade da água de irrigação do tratamento controle (padrão). Em geral, os parâmetros físicos e químicos da água estiveram abaixo dos utilizados pelas agências ambientais e usados como referência neste estudo. No Experimento III, os resultados indicaram que Rotífera foi o grupo que apresentou maior abundância na comunidade zooplanctônica, destacando-se o gênero Polyarthra como o mais abundante; e também que agrotóxicos provocaram poucas alterações na abundância de organismos dos grupos Rotifera e Copepoda (adulto e nauplio). Agrochemicals are intensely used on rice (Orysa sativa L.) paddy culture, and depending on their environmental persistence and toxicity they may contaminate water bodies and affect non-target organisms. Both herbicides and insecticides are recommended for use in rice culture in southern Brazil. This study aimed was divided into three different experiments, with the following aims: (i) to determine the persistence of the herbicides imazethapyr + imazapic (Only), bispyribac-sodium, penoxsulan, clomazone, and quinclorac and of the insecticides carbofuran and fipronil in irrigation water; (ii) to investigate the effect of these agrochemicals on physical, chemical and biological water quality; and, (iii) to investigate the effects of these agrochemicals on the native zooplanktonic biota of rice paddy fields cultivated under the direct seeding system. The field experiment was carried out in Santa Maria (RS), at the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), in crop years 2007/08 and 2008/09; in 9.7 x 7.6 m= 73.7 m2 plots separated by soil levees. The experimental design used was randomized blocks with three replications. The treatments applied were imazethapyr (75 g a.i. ha-1) + imazapic (25 g a.i. ha-1) (Only), bispyribacsodium (50 g a.i. ha-1), penoxsulan (48 a.i. g ha-1), clomazone (600 g a.i. ha-1), quinclorac (375 g a.i. ha-1), carbofuran (400 g a.i. ha-1) and fipronil (37.5 g a.i. ha-1) as well as a control block. In Experiment I, the agrochemicals persistence decreased in the following order: quinclorac >bispyribac-sodium = penoxsulan >carbofuran >imazapic >imazethapyr = fipronil >clomazone, detected for 84, 60, 60, 42, 39, 28, 28 e 25 days, respectively, (means of crop years 2007/08 and 2008/09). Quinclorac shows the greatest dissipation time (DT50) with 15.4 days, whilst clomazone exhibited the smallest DT50 value, 1.9 days. On Experiment II, results show that the isolated application of the herbicides and insecticides tested did not result in noticeable water quality alteration when compared to the control treatment. In general, physical, chemical and biological parameters remained below the values recommended by the environmental agencies used as reference for this study. In Experiment III, results indicated that Rotifers had the highest abundance in the zooplankton community, with Polyarthra as the most abundant genus; it was also concluded that the agrochemicals had little effect over the Rotifera and Copepoda groups (adult and nauplii).
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    ABSTRACT: Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) were exposed to azimsulfuron and metsulfuron-methyl (50, 100 and 200 mg L-1). These herbicides are used in rice crop in Southern Brazil. Fishes survived to all tested concentrations of both herbicides and showed normal feeding and swimming behavior. Azimsulfuron inhibits significantly acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in brain and muscle of both species, and metsulfuron-methyl increase AChE activity in brain and inhibits in muscle. The present study showed that azimsulfuron and metsulfuron-methyl did not affect C. carpio and A. nobilis behaviors (feeding and swimming), but inhibited AChE activity in brain and muscle tissues of these species.
    Pesticidas: Revista de ecotoxicologia e meio ambiente, ISSN 0103-7277, Vol. 19, 2009, pags. 81-89.