Alfonso Martínez-Correa

Universidad de Jaén, Jaén, Andalusia, Spain

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Publications (3)0.96 Total impact

  • Alfonso Martínez-Correa, Gustavo A Reyes, Del Paso
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    ABSTRACT: Resumen: El modelo de Eysenck y Grossarth-Maticek postula que algunos de sus tipos de perso-nalidad están predispuestos a enfermedades específicas (tipos 1 y 5 al cáncer, y tipo 2 a la enfer-medad coronaria), mientras otros están preservados (tipo 4) o no predispuestos (tipos 3 y 6). El objetivo de este estudio ha sido aportar datos sobre la fiabilidad, validez factorial y baremación de la versión española del Inventario abreviado de reacciones interpersonales de Grossarth-Maticek y Eysenck (SIRI) en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios (n = 425). Los resultados indican 1) la aceptable consistencia interna (0,88-0,75); 2) el análisis factorial efectuado sugiere que el ins-trumento mide cuatro dimensiones: un primer factor está formado por los tipos 1 y 2 (riesgo psi-cosomático), un segundo factor está constituido por los tipos 3 y 6 (histeria/psicopatía), el tercer factor está configurado por el tipo 5 (racionalidad) y el cuarto factor está definido por el tipo 4 (autonomía); y 3) la distribución de los tipos de personalidad es similar a la encontrada en estudios previos con muestras de sujetos jóvenes. Abstract: Eysenck and Grossarth-Maticek's model states that some of their personality types are predisposed to specific illnesses (Types 1 and 5 to cancer, and Type 2 to coronary heart disease), whereas others are preserved (Type 4) or not predisposed (Types 3 and 6). The aim of this study is to provide information as regards the reliability, factor validity and normative data of the Spanish version of Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck´s Short Interpersonal Reactions Inventory (SIRI) in a sample of university students (N=425). The results indicate that 1) internal consistency is adequa-te (0,88-0,75); 2) factor analysis suggests that this instrument measures four dimensions: Factor 1 compounded by Types 1 and 2 (psychosomatic risk), Factor 2 constituted by Types 3 and 6 (hyste-ria/psychopathy), Factor 3 configured by Type 5 (rationality) and Factor 4 defined by Type 4 (auto-nomy); and 3) distribution of personality types is similar to that found in prior studies with samples of young subjects.
    Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica. 05/2007; 12(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies confirm that dispositional pessimism is related with a worse state of physical health, in comparison with dispositional optimism . The efficacy of stress coping strategies has been considered as a mediating mechanism in this relationship. The aim of the present study is to analyze in a sample of university students (n = 200) the association between dispositional optimism/pessimism and different categories of self-reported somatic symptoms , and evaluate the possible mediation of the stress coping strategies in this relationship. The results indicate that: 1) pessimism is positively related with the report of physical symptoms, whereas optimism is negatively associated to somatic complaints; and 2) this relationship can be mainly explained by the differential utilization of the coping strategy denominated self-criticism (characteristic of pessimism).
    Psicothema 03/2006; 18(1):66-72. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Psicothema, ISSN 0214-9915, Vol. 18, Nº. 1, 2006, pags. 66-72. 01/2006;