Publications (3)2.17 Total impact
Article: Reflection high-energy electron diffraction analysis of polycrystalline films with grain size and orientation distributions[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report a computationally efficient algorithm to calculate reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) intensities from well-textured, small-grained polycrystalline films in the kinematic limit. We also show how the intensity maps of the spots in a RHEED pattern from such a film can be quantitatively analyzed to determine the film’s average grain size, as well as its in-plane orientation and texture distributions. We find that the in-plane orientation and texture distribution widths of these films can be determined to within 1 degree and that the average lateral grain size can be measured to within a fraction of a nanometer after suitable calibration of our technique. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.Journal of Applied Physics 12/2002; · 2.17 Impact Factor
Article: Quantitative Rheed Analysis of Biaxially-Textured Polycrystalline MgO Films on Amorphous Substrates Grown by Ion Beam-Assisted Deposition[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We have developed a computer simulation based on analytic calculation of reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED) patterns in the kinematic approximation for mosaic polycrystalline films for given values of electron beam incidence angle, polycrystalline texture, in-plane orientation distribution, and grain size. Although RHEED is most appropriately modeled using dynamical scattering theory, the computational efficiency of the kinematic approximation has enabled the development of a model suitable for real time measurement of crystallographic texture and in-plane orientation distributions for biaxially-textured films grown by ion beam-assisted deposition (IBAD). Using the simulation, we can quantitatively determine how RHEED spot shapes and relative intensities depend on the crystallographic texture and in-plane orientation distribution of polycrystalline films. RHEED patterns taken at 25 keV with incidence angle in the range 1–5 degrees from 10 nm thick, nominally -textured MgO films grown on amorphous Si3N4 by IBAD were analyzed by comparing experimental RHEED phi rocking curves with those predicted by the simulation. For some films, an additional 200 nm thermally-grown MgO homoepitaxial layer was grown on top of the IBAD MgO layer. The model enables a quantitative correlation between biaxial texture and RHEED measurements. RHEED results are compared to X-ray rocking curve film analysis.MRS Proceedings. 12/1998; 585.
Article: Reflection high-energy electron diffraction experimental analysis of polycrystalline MgO films with grain size and orientation distributions[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Analysis of biaxial texture of MgO films grown by ion-beam-assisted deposition (IBAD) has been performed using a quantitative reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) based method. MgO biaxial texture is determined by analysis of diffraction spot shapes from single RHEED images, and by measuring the width of RHEED in-plane rocking curves for MgO films grown on amorphous Si3N4 by IBAD using 750 eV Ar+ ions, at 45° incidence angle, and MgO e-beam evaporation. RHEED-based biaxial texture measurement accuracy is verified by comparison with in-plane and out-of-plane orientation distribution measurements made using transmission electron microscopy and x-ray rocking curves. In situ RHEED measurements also enable the analysis of the evolution of the biaxial texture which narrows with increasing film thickness. RHEED-based measurements of IBAD MgO biaxial texture show that the minimum in-plane orientation distribution depends on the out-of-plane orientation distribution, and indicates that the minimum obtainable in-plane orientation on distribution is 2°.