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ABSTRACT: This research investigates the cognitive design processes used by architects in conceptualizing design ideas using traditional and digital media. Data were gathered from: an initial design process of two groups of individuals using both design media to complete two videotaped isomorphic tasks; questionnaires; analysis of the retrospective verbal protocols about these tasks. The results indicate that the traditional media still presents advantages against the digital media due to limitations on the state of the art of hardware and software and on the lack of understanding and well handling of the computer by the architects. Some advantages related to the use of traditional media were: it furnishes the architect with more comprehensive perception regarding the relationships between visual, spatial and organizational aspects of the design process, whilst stimulating the production of several alternative solutions, avoiding, therefore, premature crystallizations of design solutions, and a more comprehensive understanding of the design tasks. [Full paper in Portuguese]
SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 377-384.