ABSTRACT: Animal studies suggest that inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) may be associated with destructive periodontal disease. l-N(6)-(1-Iminoethyl)-lysine (L-NIL) has been shown to inhibit iNOS in a selective manner, and hence the aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that treatment with l-NIL may induce a T-cell helper 1 (Th1)-like immune response by Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine spleen cells in vitro. BALB/c mice were either sham-immunized or immunized with A. actinomycetemcomitans LPS. Spleen cells were stimulated with A. actinomycetemcomitans LPS in the presence or absence of L-NIL. Nitric oxide (NO), iNOS activity, specific IgG subclass antibodies, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and interleukin-4 (IL-4) levels and cell proliferation were determined. The results showed that treatment with L-NIL suppressed both NO production and iNOS activity but enhanced specific IgG2a, IFN-gamma levels, and increased cell proliferation following stimulation with A. actinomycetemcomitans LPS-stimulated cells. The results of the present study suggest that inhibition of iNOS activity by L-NIL may skew the A. actinomycetemcomitans LPS-stimulated murine splenic immune response towards the Th1-like immune profile in vitro.
European Journal Of Oral Sciences 03/2008; 116(1):31-6. · 1.88 Impact Factor