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Publications (9)14.25 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of recurrent empty follicle syndrome over two stimulated cycles in a patient having immunological infertility. All follicles contained follicular fluid but aspirated granulosa cells were rarely observed. No oocytes were obtained from a total of 24 follicles.
    Human Reproduction 06/1991; 6(5):651-2. · 4.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of recurrent empty follicle syndrome over two stimulated cycles in a patient having immunological infertility. All follicles contained follicular fluid but aspirated granulosa cells were rarely observed. No oocytes were obtained from a total of 24 follicles.
    01/1991;
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    ABSTRACT: It is not known whether microcalculi possess structural differences compared with larger stones or whether they represent simply an earlier stage in stone disease. We carried out a controlled study on 10 patients affected by gallbladder cholesterol microlithiasis (CM). In all patients, samples from all parts of the stones were studied by X-ray diffraction and by infrared spectrophotometry. Bile analysis was carried out to determine cholesterol, phospholipid and total bile acid content. The cholesterol saturation indices (C.S.I.) were calculated. In all samples, bacterial bile culture was carried out. The results were compared with those of 10 patients who had undergone cholecystectomy for large cholesterol stones, and for 10 patients who had undergone abdominal surgery but without biliary pathology. Patients in these latter groups were matched with the first according to sex and age. Microcalculi proved to be layered (nucleus and external layer) in only 2 cases and larger stones in 9; cholesterol was seen to be the principal crystalline component in all cases. Traces of bilirubin were found in 7 CM and in the nuclei of 5 larger stones. These results show that the structural composition of microcalculi is similar to that of the nucleus of larger stones. No substantial differences exist, however, between the two groups of patients regarding the other parameters taken into consideration.
    HPB Surgery 12/1989; 1(4):283-91; discussion 291-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Calcitonin has been shown to modulate pituitary hormone secretion in a variety of ways. In this study we examined the effects of a salmon calcitonin infusion on GHRH-induced GH secretion in 5 normal men. In addition, in vitro experiments were performed using primary cultures of rat anterior pituitary cells in order to examine whether there is a direct pituitary effect of CT. Infusion of CT significantly blunted the GH response to GHRH in all subjects without affecting basal GH secretion or plasma calcium levels. Infusion of CT was accompanied by significant increases in ACTH, beta-endorphin, cortisol and free fatty acid levels, and by a significant decrease in serum insulin levels. The addition of CT to primary cultures of rat pituitary cells did not alter basal or stimulated secretion of GH or ACTH. These results indicate that: 1) CT blunts the GH response to GHRH; 2) CT infusion results in the stimulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and 3) this effect is probably exerted at the hypothalamic level, since no direct activity of CT was documented in vitro on either GH or ACTH secretion.
    Acta endocrinologica 05/1989; 120(4):416-22.
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    ABSTRACT: Our recent studies have shown a significant association between lithiasic biliary disease and colorectal cancer. This could be due to the existence of risk factors common to both disease or to a cause-effect correlation between them. This latter hypothesis is supported by the observation in gallstone patients of the increase of biliary and fecal concentrations in secondary biliary acids. These could have co-carcinogenic effect on the colon. With a view to singling out further elements which might help us to understand more clearly the possible cause-effect correlation between cholelithiasis and colon cancer, we examined 12 patients affected by both diseases. In these, we evaluated the composition of the gallbladder stones, by means of spectrophotometry and diffractometry. Bile samples were taken from the gallbladder and used to examine the lipidic composition and the cholesterol saturation index according to Carey. In addition bacteriological examinations were carried out. The results were compared with those of 10 patients with cholelithiasis but not cancer, 10 with cancer but not cholelithiasis and 10 with neither. Analysis of the results did not reveal significant differences in gallstone and bile composition between colon cancer patients with concomitant gallstones and control groups. However, in cancer patients with gallstones a higher incidence of bile bacteria (35.7%) was observed than in the other groups. Bile bacteria were observed more frequently in right colon cancer patients who had pigment stones in 75% of the cases. The results seem to evidence peculiarities in patients with a cancer of right colon.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Annali italiani di chirurgia 01/1989; 60(4):283-90. · 0.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The circulating levels of aldosterone (A), cortisol (F), prolactin, ACTH and potassium and the PRA were studied in 8 (6 males and 2 females) healthy normotensive subjects after 5-hydroxy-tryptophan (5OHT), or pizotifen (Piz) or placebo oral administration. In the same subjects 5OHT was administered twice: after placebo and after dexamethasone pretreatment. The results showed a significant increase of A, ACTH and F after 5OHT plus placebo administration without any change of PRA, potassium or prolactin levels; dexamethasone pretreatment suppressed ACTH and F but was uneffective on the response of A to 5OHT. Only A levels showed a significant decrease after Piz administration, the other studied parameters were unaffected by the blockade of the 5HT2 receptors by Piz. The administration of placebo induced a slight but not significant decrease of the studied parameters. Our results suggest the existence of a physiologic serotonergic control of A secretion, a pituitary factor could be one of the putative links between the central serotonergic activation and the adrenal secretory response.
    Hormone and Metabolic Research 08/1988; 20(7):457-9. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To correct the results of a radioimmunoassay for beta-thyrotropin (TSH) subunit by eliminating the proportion ascribable to intact TSH, we have devised a method that experimentally reproduces the conditions under which the interference develops. Beta-TSH subunit was assayed in several preparations containing known concentrations of both beta-TSH and TSH. The TSH-induced overestimation of beta-TSH was linearly related to the concentration of antigen in the sample. At a constant concentration of TSH, therefore, the following equation is applicable: F = aE + b, where F is the measured (but overestimated) concentration of beta-TSH, E is the actual concentration of beta-TSH, and a and b are the slope and the intercept of the regression line, respectively. a and b, once expressed as a function of TSH, allow the correction of the overestimation. The analysis of the results according to the mass action and conservation laws shows that the antiserum is more avid for the interferent (intact TSH) than for the antigen (beta-TSH).
    Clinical Chemistry 06/1987; 33(5):658-60. · 7.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plasmatic Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) was studied in 41 patients undergoing salpingectomy for tubal pregnancy. On the temporal scale of our research, a biexponential model proved to be adequate to describe hCG clearance; the combined reading of the results of this research and those of other Authors have led us to maintain that hCG clearance is characterised by at least three components. HCG clearance was faster in patients with a higher initial hCG. Nevertheless the problem of hCG clearance depending on its initial value remains unsolved and requires further investigation. The regression curve and relative hCG values obtained in this study can be used as reliable models of comparison in the monitoring of patients undergoing conservative surgical treatment of tubal pregnancy.
    Acta Europaea fertilitatis 01/1987; 18(6):397-401.
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    ABSTRACT: About 30% of the ovulation induction cycles in GIFT and FIVET programmes are cancelled due to an inadequate response of patients to gonadotropins and/or clomiphene citrate. GnRH agonist-gonadotropins and/or "pure" FSH combination has been successful in inducing ovulation in patients with a previous history of cycle cancellation and/or alterations in the menstrual cycles. In order to reduce the number of cycle cancellations and obtain more homogeneous oocytes, GnRH agonist-gonadotropins and/or "pure" FSH combination in all candidates for GIFT and FIVET has been recently hypothesised. The Authors report results obtained from GnRH agonist-"pure" FSH combination in 30 normally menstruating patients of the GIFT programme: in 93% of cases the harvested oocytes were preovulatory, in 27.6% of cycles and in 28.6% of the GIFTs respectively an ongoing pregnancy was obtained. While the results obtained must be considered preliminary, they nevertheless suggest that the use of a combination of GnRH-agonist "pure" FSH in all patients in the GIFT programme may be of real clinical validity.
    Acta Europaea fertilitatis 19(3):159-65.