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Publications (4)4.35 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Der technologische, wirtschaftliche und gesellschaftliche Wandel stellt fortwährend neue Anforderungen an alle Beteiligten des Arbeitslebens. Dazu gehören insbesondere auch steigende Arbeitsbelastungen und Flexibilitätsforderungen für abhängige Beschäftigte. Gerade in solchen Zeiten darf das Bemühen um eine präventive Gestaltung von Sicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz nicht vernachlässigt werden. Die Gesatltung der Arbeitszeit gehört dabei zu den klassischen Maßnahmen. Zur Unterstützung der betrieblichen Akteure bei der Bewertung und Planung bedqarfsgerechter, ergonomischer und sozialverträglicher Arbeitszeitsysteme steht nun mit BASS 4 ein auf den Erfahrungen mit der Vorgängerversion BASS 3 aufbauendes, völlig neu entwickeltes Instrument zur Verfügung, mit dem erstmals nun auch die arbeitsplatzbezogene Belastung nach Art, Intensität, Lage und Dauer in die Gestaltung von Arbeitszeitsystemen einbezogen werden kann. Dazu wurde ein leicht anwendbares und zweckangemessenes Verfahren zur Abschätzung der psychischen, metalen und emotionalen Belastung entwickelt. Eine an den Kosten orientierte Bewertungs- und Optimierungskomponente sowie ein Modul zur Bewertung von flexiblen Arbeitszeiten ergänzen das computergestützte System zur Arbeitszeitgestaltung. Darüber hinaus wurde ein IT-basiertes Weiterbildungskonzept entwickelt, um die Kenntnisse und Fertigkeiten der betrieblichen Akteure rund um das Thema Arbeitszeitgestaltung nachhaltig zu erweitern. Eine voll funktionsfähige Demoversion des Programms BASS 4 kann unter www.gawo-ev.de herunter geladen werden.
    Bremerhaven: Wirtschaftsverlag NW Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH 2005. (Schriftenreihe der Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin: Forschungsbericht, Fb 1064). 01/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: The project brought together researchers from 9 EU-Countries and resulted in a number of actions, in particular the following: (a) There is an urgent need of defining the concept of flexible working hours, since it has been used in many different and even counterintuitive ways; the most obvious distinction is where the influence over the working hours lies, that is between the "company-based flexibility" and the "individual-oriented flexibility"; (b) The review of the Legislation in force in the 15 European countries shows that the regulation of working times is quite extensive and covers (Council Directive 93/104/EC) almost all the various arrangements of working hours (i.e., part-time, overtime, shift, and night work), but fails to provide for flexibility; (c) According to the data of the Third EU Survey on Working Conditions, longer and "irregular" working hours are in general linked to lower levels of health and well-being; moreover, low (individual) flexibility and high variability of working hours (i.e., company-based flexibility) were consistently associated with poor health and well-being, while low variability combined with high autonomy showed positive effects; (d) Six substudies from different countries demonstrated that flexible working hours vary according to country, economic sector, social status, and gender; overtime is the most frequent form of company-based flexibility but has negative effects on stress, sleep, and social and mental health; individual flexibility alleviates the negative effects of the company-based flexibility on subjective health, safety, and social well-being; (e) The literature review was able to list more than 1,000 references, but it was striking that most of these documents were mainly argumentative with very little empirical data. Thus, one may conclude that there is a large-scale intervention ongoing in our society with almost completely unknown and uncontrolled effects. Consequently, there is a strong need for systematic research and well-controlled actions in order to examine in detail what flexible working hours are considered, what and where are their positive effects, in particular, as concerns autonomy, and what regulation seem most reasonable.
    Chronobiology International 02/2004; 21(6):831-44. · 4.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Demand for flexible work hours (FWH) is increasing in Europe aimed at increasing the number of production hours on one hand, and, on the other, reducing individual working hours and/or increasing autonomy and control on them. In view of the lack of knowledge of the effects of FWH on health and safety, we started a pilot project, funded by the Joint Programme for Working Life Research in Europe (SALTSA), aimed at: a) comparing the most relevant national legislation and how the EU Directive 93/104 "concerning certain aspects of working time" has been implemented in the member States; b) reporting prevalence and trend of FWH in Europe according to the three EU Surveys on Working Conditions carried out in the last decade; c) collecting practical examples of innovative FWH; d) evaluating their impact on health and safety in relation to work sectors, job demands, social life, aging and gender. Consequent actions are going to include information and consultancy for pertinent authorities and social parties involved, as well as training programmes for Union officials and similar groups concerning the organisation of FWH according to ergonomic principles.
    Journal of human ergology 01/2002; 30(1-2):27-33.
  • XVth International Symposium on Night and Shiftwork; 01/2001