Salvatore Comenale Pinto

Monaldi Hospital, Napoli, Campania, Italy

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Publications (6)13.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess systolic left atrial (LA) reservoir function in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) using two-dimensional (2D) strain (ε) and strain rate imaging and its prognostic value in predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) at 4-year follow-up. METHODS: One hundred one asymptomatic patients with pure rheumatic MS and 70 healthy controls were evaluated using standard Doppler echocardiography (mitral valve area, mean gradient, systolic pulmonary pressure, LA width, LA volumes, and LA ejection fraction) and 2D speckle-tracking. RESULTS: LA width, volumes, and systolic pulmonary pressure were significantly increased (P < .0001), and LA 2D ε and strain rate were significantly impaired in patients with MS (P < .0001). At 4-year follow-up, 20 patients (20%) showed AF on standard electrocardiography or 24-hour Holter electrocardiography. Patients with MS who had AF were older than those who did not, without significant differences in LA dimensions, volumes, ejection fraction, and compliance index. Instead, atrial myocardial systolic 2D ε was significantly impaired in patients with events. On multivariate analysis (age, LA volume, planimetric mitral area, average annular Ea, and LA strain) the best predictor of AF was average LA peak systolic ε (coefficient, 0.43; SE, 0.098; P < .01), with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.761 (SE, 0.085; 95% confidence interval, 0.587-0.888, P = .002) for a cutoff value of 17.4%. CONCLUSIONS: The results of 2D ε imaging are abnormal in patients with asymptomatic MS and predict AF at 4-year follow-up.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 12/2012; · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Assessment of left and right systolic atrial reservoir function in asymptomatic mitral stenosis (MS) by strain and strain rate imaging (SRI) and their prognostic power at 3 year follow-up was the purpose of this study. There is clear indication to treat (by surgery or percutaneous valvotomy) symptomatic patients with MS, whereas for the asymptomatic ones, the question is much debated. So, we need new echocardiographic parameters helpful for the management of asymtomatic patients. Atrial reservoir function by SRI could help in evaluation of these patients. Fifty-three asymptomatic patients with MS and 53 healthy controls were evaluated by the standard echo-Doppler study [mitral valve (MV) area, mean gradient, systolic pulmonary pressure, left atrial (LA) width, LA volumes, LA compliance index] and by Doppler myocardial imaging (velocity, strain, and SR of both atria). The endpoint at 3 year follow-up was symptoms, hospitalization for cardiac cause, atrial fibrillation, thrombo-embolic events, valvular surgery, or percutaneous commissurotomy. LA width, volumes, and systolic pulmonary pressure were significantly increased in MS patients (P < 0.001). Atrial myocardial velocities and deformation indices were significantly compromised in MS patients (P < 0.0001). Significant correlation was found between atrial myocardial velocity and MV area (by pressure half-time method: P = 0.019, R = 0.41; by planimetric method: P = 0.016, R = 0.43). Peak systolic LA myocardial strain and SR were significantly correlated with atrial volumes (strain: P = 0.03, R = -0.28; SR: P = 0.0008, R = -0.42), with atrial compliance index (strain: P = 0.04, R = 0.26; SR: P = 0.04, R = 0.16), with atrial ejection fraction (strain: P < 0.0001, R = 0.56; SR: P = 0.03, R = 0.43). At 3 year follow-up, 22 (41%) patients had events. Comparing the MS patients who had events during the 3 year follow-up with those who did not, the former had bigger LA volumes, although these parameters did not reached a significant value, whereas atrial myocardial systolic SR was significantly impaired in patients with events. In multivariate analysis, the best predictor of adverse events was LA peak systolic SR average (P = 0.04; coefficient: 0.113; SE: 0.055; cut-off value of 1.69 s(-1) for LA peak systolic SR average) with a sensitivity of 88%, specificity of 80.6%, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.852 (SE: 0.048; 95% CI: 0.74-0.93, P = 0.0001). Atrial myocardial deformation properties, assessed by SRI, are abnormal in asymptomatic patients with rheumatic MS. The degree of this impairment is predictor of events in a 3 year follow-up. SRI could be helpful in decision-making of asymtomatic patients with MS.
    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 06/2009; 10(6):753-9. · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of an asymptomatic patient in whom a right atrial mass was fortuitously documented by echocardiography few months after a transcatheter radiofrequency catheter ablation for recurrent AF. No masses were seen in the cardiac chambers before the ablative procedure, raising important diagnostic and decision-making issues. The patient was referred to the surgeon and a diagnosis of right atrial myxoma was made.
    Monaldi archives for chest disease = Archivio Monaldi per le malattie del torace / Fondazione clinica del lavoro, IRCCS [and] Istituto di clinica tisiologica e malattie apparato respiratorio, Università di Napoli, Secondo ateneo 04/2009; 72(1):40-2.
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    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 12/2006; · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, also known as Bland-White-Garland syndrome, is a rare malformation. Few patients survive past childhood without surgical repair, and up to 90% die suddenly at a mean age of 35 years. We describe a case of a 60-year-old patient with anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery from the pulmonary artery in which 2-dimensional and color flow Doppler visualization of the intercoronary (so-called "steal") collaterals was the first marker that alerted the examiner to the possibility of this diagnosis, subsequently guided step-by-step the echocardiographic approach.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 02/2006; 19(1):107.e3-107.e6. · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    01/2006;